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William "Bloke" Modisane, the eldest son of Joseph and Ma-Willie Modisane, grew up in Sophiatown, a multiracial suburb in Johannesburg, South Africa. His father was murdered and his sister died of malnutrition. To make ends meet, his mother ran a shebeen. As Modisane would write in his autobiography: "My mother wanted a better life for her children, a kind of insurance against poverty by trying to give me a prestige profession, and if necessary would go to jail whilst doing it."
He joined Drum magazine as a journalist and became one of "the Drum Boys" during Drum′s halcyon days in the 1950s, along with Henry Nxumalo, Can Themba, Es'kia Mphahlele and Lewis Nkosi. Modisane was also the jazz critic at Drum′s sister publication, the weekly tabloid Golden City Post.
Modisane tried to facilitate non-racial progress in the arts by making concerts and theatre available to Black audiences and tried to further the efforts of the Arts Federation and the Union of South African Artists, both of which were non-racial.
He wrote a number of short stories that were published in Drum. One such story, "The Situation", derived from the Tsotsitaal (slang) for educated Blacks who rise above their station (i.e. situated above their station) but do not really fit into their new milieu. (Don Mattera mentioned this when describing the journalists: "There was a definite class division. We were in the streets, and they were in the desks. And we used to call such people situations.") 
Becoming frustrated by the political situation and oppression under the apartheid regime, Modisane moved in 1959 to England, where in 1963 his autobiography, Blame Me On History, was published. This detailed his despair at the bulldozing of Sophiatown (mirroring Can Themba's short story "Requiem for Sophiatown") and his frustration and anger with apartheid. As a result, the book was banned in South Africa in 1966.
Modisane continued acting and had a leading role in Jean Genet's The Blacks at the Royal Court Theatre in London. He appeared in an uncredited role in the 1964 movie Guns at Batasi, which starred Richard Attenborough, John Leyton, and Mia Farrow. In the 1968 action classic Dark of the Sun, Modisane had a small but memorable supporting role as Corporal Kataki, a sensitive soldier caught up in the rage and horror of the 1960s Congo civil wars. This particular film starred Rod Taylor, Kenneth More, and Yvette Mimieux. It was a major box-office success when first released.
- Blame Me On History, Ad. Donker, 1986, ISBN 0-86852-098-5
- De Wet is blank, Van Loghum Slaterus, 1965 (Dutch translation of Blame Me On History)
- Mike Nicol, A Good-looking Corpse: World of Drum - Jazz and Gangsters, Hope and Defiance in the Townships of South Africa, London: Secker & Warburg, 1991, ISBN 0-436-30986-6
- Anthony Adams & Ken Durham (eds), Writing from South Africa, Cambridge University Press, 1995, ISBN 0-521-43572-2 — contains "The Dignity of Begging" by William Bloke Modisane,
- 1963 Time magazine article "Where God is Black" has a sample of Modisane's work.
- Nelly E Sonderling (ed.), New Dictionary of South African Biography, Vol. 2, HSRC Press, 1999, pp. 112–14.
- Biography of William "Bloke" Modisane, South African History Online.
- "William 'Bloke' Modisane". S A History. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
- "Tsotsi". Leaping Rabbit. Retrieved 2007-02-23.
- Douglas Killam and Ruth Rowe (eds). "William (Bloke) Modisane". Companion to African Literature. Retrieved 2007-02-23.