Blue wine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Blue wine is fermented from a combination of red grapes and white grapes, with pigments and sweeteners added.[1][2] Producers of blue wine claim that the whole producing process only contains raw material derived from plants.[2] However, researchers have found that the blue color in some blue wines comes from synthetic food coloring.[3] Blue wine's mild, sweet taste makes it best suited to the role of an aperitif or cocktail when dining.[4] Blue wine is named for its electric blue color. Its creators were inspired by the marketing theory in Blue Ocean Strategy.[5]


The first blue wine in the world was produced by a Spanish company called Gïk in 2016.[5][2] This wine is now sold in 25 countries around the world.

All of the creators of Gïk blue wine were under 30 as of 2016.[2] They worked with chemical engineering researchers at University of the Basque Country to develop a product with a distinctive color while maintaining taste.[2] They targeted customers unfamiliar with traditional wine manufacture with their unconventional product.[2] Gïk's creators marketed their product as innovatively shaking up the traditional wine industry, and maintained this image with stunts like suggesting alt music playlists as pairings on the label.[2]


According to its producers Gïk and Vindigo, blue wine is made as follows:

  1. Combine the different kinds of red grapes and white grapes.
  2. Add natural pigments (anthocyanin and indigotine) for color.[2]
  3. Add non-caloric and sugar-free sweeteners.

However, this description of the steps is incomplete, as it does not state when the artificial blue colorant is added.

Synthetic dye[edit]

Researchers at Paul Sabatier University found via high-precision spectroscopy that the color of Vindigo and Imajyne blue wine originates not from any natural pigment but rather from brilliant blue FCF (aka Blue 1 or E133),[3] the same food coloring used for Blue Curaçao, blue Jolly Ranchers, and many other products.

Wine tasting[edit]

Blue wine tastes like a fruit wine due to its mellowness and sweetness.[4] Some people find it tastes of syrup but fail to detect the sweetener in the wine.[6] Food & Wine reviewers, however, disliked its artificial sweetness, comparing it to blue Equal packets at a café.[6] It has a lower alcohol content than most wine.[2] Cosmopolitan reviewers compared it to blue Jolly Ranchers, diluted wine mixed with Kool-Aid, and "jungle juice", but some thought it might be good in mixed drinks.[7] It has a fruit fragrance.[4] Gïk blue wine says on the label that it is best paired with foods like Carbonara.[2] Others[who?] prefer it chilled and paired with seafood.[4]

René Le Bail, creator of Vindigo blue wine, described the taste as a combination of fruits, including many various berries and passion fruit.[4]

Society and culture[edit]

Sushi Artist Madrid was one of the first restaurants to sell blue wine in Spain, and found it to be more popular with some of their customers than expected.[2]

Some customers, especially in France, Spain and other western countries, dislike blue wine, because its production methods, taste, and other qualities violate their countries' winemaking tradition.[2] Additionally, many people[who?] still believe that only curaçao should be marketed as the blue alcoholic beverage.[4] To some[who?], blue wine should not be regarded as wine due to its low alcohol content and sweetener, making it just a beverage with mild and sweet fruit taste.

Chad Walsh, a sommelier, claims that the main trend of wine is still towards natural and traditional products, which blue wine is not. This trend explains why it's hard to find blue wine on a formal wine list. However, blue wine is more likely to appear at parties, casual bars, and other informal occasions. It is also sold in retail stores and online.[2]


In 2016, Gïk became the first company to sell blue wine.[2] The European Union ruled that this product could not be labeled as wine. In order to continue to sell its product, Gïk ceased labeling it as wine in the EU.[8]

Vindigo, a French company founded by René Le Bail, also produces blue wine.[4] It launched in the south of France in August, 2018, and was more successful in that region than Gïk.[9] Despite French customers' interest in buying blue wine, no French vineyards would work with Vindigo, forcing it to be produced in Spain.[10] Vindigo uses Chardonnay grapes.[9] Vindigo has had its greatest successes in countries such as Italy and China.[10]


  1. ^ Derla, Katherine. "What Is Blue Wine And Why Is It A Trendy, New Drink?". Retrieved 2016-09-11.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Bensman, Julie. "The world's first blue wine". Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  3. ^ a b Galaup, C.; Auriel, L.; Dubs, J.; Dehoux, C.; Gilard, V.; Poteau, R.; Retailleau, E.; Biasini, G.; Collin, F. (2019). "Blue wine, a color obtained with synthetic blue dye addition: two case studies". European Food Research and Technology. 245 (8): 1777–1782. doi:10.1007/s00217-019-03295-z. S2CID 182616768.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Sacre bleu! French purists see red over new blue wine". The West Australian. 2018-08-02. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  5. ^ a b "Blue wine, anyone? How Gik is shaking up the wine industry". Blue Ocean Strategy. Retrieved 2019-05-21.
  6. ^ a b "What Blue Wine Tastes Like". Food & Wine. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  7. ^ Tullo, Danielle (2017-08-31). "That New Blue Wine is Beautiful, but This is What it Actually Tastes Like". Cosmopolitan. Archived from the original on 2017-09-03. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
  8. ^ "Producers of banned 'blue wine' appeal for law change - Decanter". Decanter. 2017-01-23. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  9. ^ a b "'Blue wine' trend grows as Vindigo sold in France - Decanter". Decanter. 2018-08-01. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  10. ^ a b "Blue Wine Is Back and French People Are All About It". Food & Wine. Retrieved 2018-11-08.