Bolbitiaceae

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Bolbitiaceae
Goldmistpilze2.jpg
Bolbitius titubans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Singer (1948)
Type genus
Bolbitius
Fr. (1838)
Genera

Agrogaster
Bolbitius
Conocybe
Cyphellopus
Cyttarophyllopsis
Descolea[1]
Galerella
Galeropsis
Gymnoglossum
Pholiotina
Ptychella
Rhodoarrhenia
Tubariella
Tubariopsis
Tympanella
Wielandomyces

The Bolbitiaceae are a family of mushroom-forming basidiomycete fungi. A 2008 estimate placed 17 genera and 171 species in the family.[2] Bolbitiaceae was circumscribed by mycologist Rolf Singer in 1948.[3]

Description[edit]

This family is of mushroom-forming species that have a hymenium on gills, brown spores and a hymenoderm pileipellis.

Differences in genera[edit]

Bolbitius are mushrooms which are thin, Mycena-like, with gelatinous cap surface. These lack a veil, are saprotrophic, and tend to be found with grass.

Conocybe are mushrooms which are thin, Mycena-like, with a dry cap surface. These are small and saprotrophic, and tend to be found with grass. These have cheilocystidia which are capitate.

Pholiotina are mushrooms which are thin, Mycena-like, with a dry cap surface. These are small and saprotrophic, and tend to be found with grass, and have a veil. Some have a membranous veil, mid-stipe, others the veil breaks up and can be found on the cap margin. These are separated from Conocybe in that the cheilocystidia are non-capitate.

Descolea includes Pholiotina-like mushrooms that are ectomycorrhizal and have limoniform spores.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tóth, Annamária; Hausknecht, Anton; Krisai-Greilhuber, Irmgard; Papp, Tamás; Vágvölgyi, Csaba Vágvölgyi; Nagy, László G. (2013). "Iteratively Refined Guide Trees Help Improving Alignment and Phylogenetic Inference in the Mushroom Family Bolbitiaceae". PLOS ONE. 8 (2). doi:10.1371/0056143. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 96. ISBN 0-85199-826-7. 
  3. ^ Singer R. (1948). "New and interesting species of Basidiomycetes. II". Papers of the Michigan Academy of Sciences. 32: 103–150 (see p. 147). 

External links[edit]