|Coordinates (Watampone): Coordinates:|
|• Regent||Idris Galigo|
|• Total||4,559 km2 (1,760 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||WITe (UTC+8)|
Bone Regency is a regency of South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Originally the seat of the Bone state, it joined Indonesia in 1950. Its main products are seaweed, rice, and fish. The principal town is Watampone.
Bone is located on the east coast of South Sulawesi. It has 174 kilometres (108 mi) of coastline and covers an area of 4,559 square kilometres (1,760 sq mi). It has a total of 88,499 hectares (884.99 km2) of rice fields.
Bone is surrounded by Wajo to the north, Sinjai to the south, Soppeng, Maros, Pangkkajene, and Barru to the west, and the Gulf of Bone to the east, where it has a sea border with Sulawesi Tenggara.
The climate of Bone is tropical, with the wet season from April to September and the dry season from October to March. The temperature ranges from 26 to 34 °C (79 to 93 °F), with air humidity averaging 95% - 99%. The average annual rainfall varies from less than 1,750 millimetres (69 in) to 3,000 millimetres (120 in).
According to a 2010 census, Bone Regency has 717,268 residents, consisting 341,335 males and 375,933 females. This gives a sex ratio of 90.80 for the regency, or 91 males for every 100 females. It displayed a population growth rate of 0.67% per annum for the 2000-2010 period.
|Tanete Riattang Barat
(West Tanete Riattang)
|Tanete Riattang Timur
(East Tanete Riattang)
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of Bone consists of a blue shield with a harrow, anchor, unsheathed kris, rice, cotton plant, and - at the bottom of the shield - the words Kabupaten Bone in red text on a white banner. The harrow and rice stand for the agricultural history of the area. The anchor signifies Bone's nautical prowess, while its symmetry and location in the middle of the shield represents rationality. The kris and red text signify bravery, while the cotton plant represents the Bone people's struggle for independence. The white banner stands for purity and holiness.
Bone Regency was home to Bone state, an adat-based Bugis kingdom which was founded by ManurungngE Rimatajang in 1330. It later entered an alliance with the Wajo and Soppeng kingdoms for mutual defence. This alliance became known as LaMumpatue Ri Timurung.
In 1605, during the reign of the tenth king of Bone Latenri Tuppu Matinro Ri Sidenreng, Islam entered Bone and caused a change in local culture, including a renaming of various aspects of the regal system. Bone State later enjoyed a period of prosperity in the middle of the 17th century.
The majority of Bone residents are farmers, commercial gardeners, and fishermen. In the area near the Gulf of Boni, seaweed, crabs, shrimp, and milkfish are the main source of income. Seaweed production averages 3,821.5 tonnes per annum, while catches of shrimp, crabs, and milkfish average 4,318 tonnes, 2,061 tonnes, and 4.964 tonnes per annum each. Catches of other fish, mainly tuna, average 73,763.5 tonnes per annum.
Bone's sea transportation is handled by five harbours, a larger one located in East Taneteriattang named Bajoe and four smaller ones.
- "Arti dan Lambang Kab. Bone" [Meaning of the Coat of Arms of Bone Regency] (in Indonesian). Government of Bone Regency. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Geografi" [Geography] (in Indonesian). Government of Bone Regency. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Hasil Sensus Penduduk 2010: Kabupaten Bone" [Results of the 2010 Census: Bone Regency] (PDF) (in Indonesian). Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Bone. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Kabupaten Bone" [Bone Regency] (in Indonesian). Departemen Dalam Negeri Republik Indonesia. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "Kabupaten Bone" [Bone Regency] (in Indonesian). Konsorsium Mitra Bahari. 19 November 2010. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- Pamelleri, Andi (22 April 2006). "Riwayat Kabupaten Bone" [A Short History of Bone Regency] (PDF) (in Indonesian). Retrieved 23 August 2011.