Bounty (1978 ship)
|Owner:||HKR International |
|Operator:||Hong Kong Resort Company |
|Builder:||Oceania Marine (Whangarei, New Zealand) |
|Decommissioned:||1 August 2017|
|Homeport:||Discovery Bay (Lantau Island), New Territories, Hong Kong, China |
|Beam:||7 m (23 ft)|
|Height:||33 m (108 ft)|
|Sail plan:||Sail area 900 m2 (9,700 sq ft)|
Design and construction
For the filming of The Bounty, a replica of William Bligh's ship, HMS Bounty was required. The Bounty replica was built by Whangarei Engineering Company at Whangarei, New Zealand during 1978 and 1979. The ship was designed to externally conform to the original Bounty. The replica is 40.5 metres (133 ft) in length overall, with a beam of 8.5 metres (28 ft) and a draught of 3.8 metres (12 ft).
To reflect the international legacy of the Mutiny on the Bounty, materials for the ship were sourced from across the British Commonwealth. The hull was fabricated from Australian steel, which was carvel-clad in New Zealand iroko. The decking is New Zealand tanekaha. The masts and spars were made of Canadian pine, with sails made from Scottish flax, and blocks of English ash and elm. The sail plan was of a barque: some sources describe the layout as a full-rigged ship, but the ship lacks a topgallant on the mizzen-mast. The ship's mast height is 29 metres (95 ft), with a sail area of 650 square metres (7,000 sq ft). Auxiliary propulsion is provided by two 415-horsepower (309 kW) turbocharged Kelvin 8-cylinder diesel engines, which can propel the ship at 7 knots (13 km/h; 8.1 mph).
The film The Bounty was completed and released in 1984. Bounty was laid up in Los Angeles until 1986, when Bounty Voyages purchased the ship. She was sailed to Vancouver, refitted, then sailed to Australia. From here, she proceeded to England via the Suez Canal to join the First Fleet Re-enactment Voyage: a historical re-enactment for the Australian Bicentenary. She left England for Australia in May 1987, and sailed with the fleet via Tenerife, Rio de Janeiro, Cape Town, Mauritius, and Fremantle before arriving in Sydney on Australia Day (26 January) 1988. Bounty was originally to be flagship of the re-creation voyage (due to the ship's similarities to HMS Sirius, flagship of the original First Fleet), but the fleet commodore instead selected Søren Larsen for the role.
The company gave The Bounty an additional name in Chinese, 濟民號  (Cantonese Jyutping: Zaimanhou ; Mandarin Pinyin: Jiminhao ; English: Bounty) after company founder Cha Chi Ming. For the following decade, the ship was used as a tourist attraction in Discovery Bay, on Lantau Island in Hong Kong, where it was used for harbour cruises, charters, day excursions, weddings and corporate retreats . Finally, with no publicity or explanation, HKRI decommissioned The Bounty on 1 August 2017 . The company has not disclosed the ship's fate.
- HMS Bounty
- Bounty (1960 ship), replica built in Canada in 1960 for the 1962 MGM film Mutiny on the Bounty.
- "European Tall Ship Replica The Bounty". Hong Kong Resort Company. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- "BOUNTY - 1001049 - SAILING VESSEL". Maritime Connector. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- Clarke & Iggulden, Sailing Home, pp. 1, 16
- Clarke & Iggulden, Sailing Home, p. 1
- Clarke & Iggulden, Sailing Home, p. 16
- King, The First Fleet. p. 89-90
- King, Australia's First Fleet, pp. 121-2
- "The Bounty" (PDF). Archived from the original (pdf) on 2015-04-02.
- D′Eon, Geoff (2018). Bounty: The Greatest Sea Story of Them All. Formac. p. 153. ISBN 9781459505445.
- "The Bounty web site". www.thebounty.hk. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
- Clarke, Malcolm; Iggulden, David (1988). Sailing Home: a pictorial record of the First Fleet Re-enactment voyage. North Ryde, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0207159653. OCLC 21041747.
- King, Jonathan (1987). Australia's First Fleet: the voyage and the re-enactment, 1788/1988. North Sydney, NSW and Waterloo, NSW: Robertsbridge Limited and Fairfax Magazines. ISBN 0947178163. OCLC 23869501.
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