Bowness-on-Solway

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Bowness-on-Solway
St Michael's Church, Bowness-on-Solway.jpeg
St. Michael's Church, Bowness-on-Solway
Bowness-on-Solway is located in Cumbria
Bowness-on-Solway
Bowness-on-Solway
Bowness-on-Solway shown within Cumbria
Population 1,126 (2011)
OS grid reference NY220623
Civil parish
  • Bowness-on-Solway
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WIGTON
Postcode district CA7
Dialling code 01697
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°57′00″N 3°12′58″W / 54.950°N 3.216°W / 54.950; -3.216Coordinates: 54°57′00″N 3°12′58″W / 54.950°N 3.216°W / 54.950; -3.216

Bowness-on-Solway is a village of fewer than 100 houses on the Solway Firth separating England and Scotland. The civil parish had a population of 1,126 at the 2011 census.[1] It is in North-West Cumbria to the west of Carlisle on the English side. The western end of Hadrian's Wall is a notable tourist attraction, along with beaches and wading birds. The village is part of the Solway Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Etymology[edit]

'Bowness' means 'rounded', or bow-shaped headland', from either the Old English 'boga', 'bow', and 'næss', or, more probably, the Old Norse 'bogi' and 'nes'. [2]

Roman era[edit]

The village is situated on the site of the Roman fort called Maia, the second largest on Hadrian's Wall.[3] There was also a small civilian settlement (vicus) outside the south gate of this fort.[3]

St Michael's Church[edit]

Built atop what may be the granary for the Roman fort in the 12th century, the two original bells were stolen by border raiders in 1626, accidentally dropping them in the Solway during their flight. In retaliation, the villagers raided Dornock and Middlebie, making off with a new pair of bells. Traditionally, on inception, the vicar of Annan petitions the village's neighbours for the return of his bells.

Solway Viaduct[edit]

In 1869, the Solway Junction Railway was opened, connecting the Maryport and Carlisle Railway to the Scottish railway system more directly than the existing route through Carlisle, by a one-mile (1.6 km), 176-yard (161 m) iron girder viaduct (the remains of which can still be seen) across the Solway between Bowness-on-Solway and Annan in Scotland.[4]

The construction of the viaduct prevented ships entering the upper Solway and hence destroyed the trade of Port Carlisle, which had already been largely supplanted by the construction of a wet dock at Silloth. The viaduct suffered minor frost damage in 1875; in 1881 large sections of it were destroyed by ice floes, but the viaduct was rebuilt. The railway never lived up to its promoters' expectations, and in 1914 it was restricted to carrying goods only. In 1921 the railway was closed entirely, and in 1934 the viaduct was demolished.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 18 June 2015. 
  2. ^ Armstrong, A. M.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F. M.; Dickens, B. (1950). The place-names of Cumberland. English Place-Name Society, vol.xx. Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 123. 
  3. ^ a b Maia at www.Roman-Britain.org Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ http://www.visitcumbria.com/car/solway-junction-railway/

External links[edit]