|• Mayor||Martin Wolff|
|• Total||71.12 km2 (27.46 sq mi)|
|• Density||400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||07252 und 07258|
Bretten lies in the centre of a rectangle that is formed by Heidelberg, Karlsruhe, Heilbronn and Stuttgart as corners. It has a population of approximately 28,000. The centre of Bretten consists of many old half-timbered houses around a lively marketplace. Towns and villages under the administration of Bretten include Bauerbach, Büchig, Diedelsheim, Dürrenbüchig, Gölshausen, Neibsheim, Rinklingen, Ruit and Sprantal.
Bretten was first mentioned as "villa breteheim" in the "Lorsch codex" in 767. Since 1148 Bretten had the right to mint and issue coins. In 1254 Bretten received city rights. In 1492 Bretten was granted to hold four fairs by Pfalzgraf Philipp. Philipp Melanchthon was born in Bretten in 1497. The residents of Bretten successfully sallied against the Swabian besiegers around Ulrich of Württemberg in 1504. In 1803 Bretten became “Badische Amtsstadt”. After the industrial revolution, the local economy was dominated by cooker production for many years. In 1975 Bretten was given the status of a "Große Kreisstadt" (district city).
Bretten station is on the Württemberg Western Railway and the Kraichgau Railway. Every two hours there are direct train connections to Stuttgart and Heidelberg. Many commuters live in Bretten and use S4 services of the Karlsruhe Stadtbahn, which runs three times an hour to Karlsruhe and back. In Bretten there are 5 Stadtbahn stations and five more stations in the villages that belong to the district of Bretten. The motorways A5, A6 and A8 are reachable within approximately 30 minutes.
Peter and Paul Festival
The largest event in Bretten is the annual Peter and Paul Festival, which usually attracts up to 80,000 visitors. It is held one long weekend in summer. The main attractions are the numerous performances in countless camps and in the mediaeval lanes in the old town of Bretten. On Sunday, a huge procession of dressed up citizens and guest groups takes place.
Visitors may be irritated or amused by the mixture of costumes which are related to different centuries. You can see mediaeval men-at-arms, shepherds, musicians, jugglers as well as Biedermeier styled families and militias. But the festival has three different sources. The oldest is the successful sally of citizens and men-at-arms on June 28 in 1504 against Swabian besiegers. Bretten was also the place for a traditional competition called “shepherds’ jump”, that was celebrated by all local shepherds. During the 16th and the 18th century several shooting competitions took place, some of them on the Peter and Paul Day. In 1805 a citizen militia was founded in Bretten. Since then the Peter and Paul Festival has been celebrated regularly. After the Revolution in Baden the militias were not allowed to wear weapons anymore and the festival became a children’s festival. In 1923 the militia was refounded and the festival became bigger, with lots of guests and militias from other towns. After World War II the American administration allowed the festival to happen again in 1950, with a new militia and several societies that promoted the mediaeval aspects of the sally in 1504. Nowadays the organising society tends to advance the mediaeval aspects of the festival. Many citizens of Bretten are busy all the year round organising the Festival, preparing their costumes, studying old books, practicing music (especially drumming), fighting, dancing, juggling or practicing other performances. Since the 1980s, the organising society has also engaged professional artists.
The festival also provides a fairground that attracts mainly kids and teenagers. For most citizens and guests the festival is the most important meeting point for former, existing or new friendships, or - as a pupil told the Bretten newspapers: “For me the Peter-and-Paul-Festival is a festival of love”.
Notable natives and residents
- Serhat Akın, professional football striker
- Selçuk Alibaz, professional footballer
- Mile Kekin, frontman of the Croatian punk rock band Hladno pivo
- Christian Mayer, Wisconsin businessman, mayor and legislator
- Philipp Melanchthon; birth name: Philipp Schwartzerdt; companion of the Protestant reformer Martin Luther; February 16, 1497 to April 19, 1560
- Peter Reichert, professional footballer
- Schwickart the Younger of Sickingen, Amtmann of Bretten
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Partner cities/twin towns of Bretten are
- Wittenberg (Germany)
- Hemer (Germany)
- Condeixa (Portugal)
- Longjumeau (France)
- Bellegarde (France)
- Pontypool (United Kingdom)
Some of the villages have additional twin towns:
Diedelsheim is twinned with
- Hidas (Hungary)
Neibsheim is twinned with
Brettener Woche/Kraichgauer Bote
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bretten.|