Longjumeau

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Longjumeau
Commune
Nativelle Park
Nativelle Park
Coat of arms of Longjumeau
Coat of arms
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Coordinates: 48°41′39″N 2°17′45″E / 48.6943°N 2.2958°E / 48.6943; 2.2958Coordinates: 48°41′39″N 2°17′45″E / 48.6943°N 2.2958°E / 48.6943; 2.2958
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Essonne
Arrondissement Palaiseau
Canton Longjumeau
Intercommunality CA Paris-Saclay
Government
 • Mayor (since 4 April 2014) Sandrine Gelot-Rateau (UMP)
Area1 4.84 km2 (1.87 sq mi)
 • Urban 4.84 km2 (1.87 sq mi)
Population (2011)2 21,510
 • Density 4,400/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Longjumellois
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
CEST (UTC+2) (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 91345 /91160
Elevation 40–93 m (131–305 ft)
Website www.longjumeau.fr

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Longjumeau (French pronunciation: ​[lɔ̃.ʒy.mo]) is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 18.2 km (11.3 mi) from the center of Paris.

Inhabitants of Longjumeau are known as Longjumellois (French pronunciation: ​[lõʒymɛˈlwa]).

History[edit]

Longjumeau Party School[edit]

In 1911 Lenin founded the Longjumeau Party School[1] to provide instruction to selected militants of the Russian Social Democratic Workers Party who would travel from Russia to attend. There were 18 students, with three each from Moscow and St Petersburg, with the rest coming from across the Russian Empire. Lenin was the principal lecturer delivering 56 lectures on diverse subjects. Other instructors included: Nikolai Semashko, David Riazanov, C. Rappoport, Inessa Armand, Z. Leder, and Anatoli Lunacharsky.[2]

Transport[edit]

Longjumeau is served by three stations on Paris RER line C: Longjumeau, Gravigny – Balizy and Chilly Mazarin RER, which are peaceful due to the low transit.

Education[edit]

As of 2016 the six communal preschools (écoles maternelles) had 895 students, and the six communal elementary schools had 1,432 students, making a total of 2,377 students. Schools include:[3]

Personalities[edit]

Trivia[edit]

Longjumeau is the setting for the opera-comique Le postillon de Longjumeau by Adolphe Adam where it is presented as an early 19th-century rural community. The opera was first performed in Paris at the Opéra-Comique on 13 October 1836. Performances followed in London at the St. James Theatre on 13 March 1837, and in New Orleans at the Théâtre d'Orléans on 19 April 1838.

Longjumeau is twinned with Pontypool in South Wales, UK.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ulam, Adam Bruno (1965). The Bolsheviks: the intellectual and political history of the triumph of communism in Russia. Harvard University Press (published 2009). p. 282. ISBN 9780674044531. Retrieved 2015-10-07. In 1911 there was a slight upturn in [Lenin's] political and personal fortunes. The Bolsheviks now organized their own Party school in Longjumeau, near Paris. [...] He and his wife [...] lived in Longjumeau during the spring and summer. 
  2. ^ "Party School in Longjumeau". TheFreeDictionary.com. The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). Retrieved 28 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "Tout savoir sur la rentrée longjumelloise." Longjumeau. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.


External links[edit]