BrewDog

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BrewDog plc
TypeUnlisted plc
Founded2007 (2007)
Headquarters
Ellon, Scotland, UK
Production output
220,000 hectolitre capacity
OwnersJames Watt (25%), Martin Dickie (22%), TSG Consumer Partners (22%), other Board members (6%), members of the public (25%)[1]
Websitewww.brewdog.com Edit this at Wikidata

BrewDog is a multinational brewery and pub chain based in Ellon, Scotland. It was founded in 2007 by James Watt and Martin Dickie, who together own 46% of the company.[1]

Products[edit]

BrewDog produces various types of ales and lagers. For the 12 months to 7 September 2019, its Punk IPA was the best selling craft beer in the UK.[2]

History[edit]

BrewDog's Hardcore IPA

BrewDog was founded in Fraserburgh in 2007 by James Watt and Martin Dickie.[3]

In 2009, BrewDog purchased its first bar, in nearby Aberdeen.[4] At the end of 2018, the company and its franchisees operated 78 bars worldwide.[5]

In 2011, BrewDog was described as "one of the prime movers"[6] behind the campaign which changed the law in 2011 to allow new beer measures in Britain.[7]

2011 also saw the company offered crowdfunding shares totalling £2 million, the equivalent of 8% of the capital of the company. The shares were sold at £23.75 and accompanied several benefits such as discounts in its bars and online purchase of its beers, and the opportunity to attend its annual shareholders' meeting.[8]

The main brewing moved from Fraserburgh to nearby Ellon in 2012. In 2014, the company ended operations in Fraserburgh.[9]

In March 2015, BrewDog was awarded £1.5m in Regional Selective Assistance.[10] That same month, the company announced plans to increase its workforce by 130.[10]

In February 2016, BrewDog open-sourced its beer recipes to the public, making them a form of Free Beer.[11][12]

Private equity firm TSG Consumer Partners acquired a 22% stake in the company for approximately £213 million in April 2017.[13]

In February 2018, BrewDog announced that it plans to build a $30 million production brewery and tap room on an 11,000 square metres (120,000 sq ft) greenfield site in the Metroplex complex at Murarrie, in Brisbane, Australia.[14] In November 2019, the company announced that it would be expanding its footprint in the United States with a new distillery.[15]

In December 2019 BrewDog opened its first bar in Ireland, at the Capital Dock development in the upmarket Grand Canal Dock area of Dublin.[16]

BrewDog bar in Camden

In January 2020, BrewDog opened its first alcohol-free bar in London.[17]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, BrewDog shifted its distillery production towards making free hand sanitizer for local hospitals and charities.[18]

Controversies[edit]

BrewDog's provocative marketing has been a key aspect of its business, and has gained it substantial international coverage.[19]

In 2008, BrewDog was accused of aggressive marketing by UK drinks industry watchdog the Portman Group, and risked having its products withdrawn from British shops.[20] BrewDog denied these allegations and countered that Portman was impeding the development of smaller brewing companies.[21] In December 2008, after an eight-month long dispute and a preliminary adjudication, which had ruled against the company, BrewDog was cleared of all breaches of Portman's code of practice and permitted to continue marketing its products without making any changes to the packaging.[22] As a protest, BrewDog introduced Speedball, a reference to the drug cocktail of the same name, saying "...we thought we would give them something worth banning us for...". Speedball was promptly banned by Portman[23] before being renamed as Dogma.[24] BrewDog has produced progressively stronger beers and has laid claim to the title 'strongest beer ever brewed' on more than one occasion.

Squirrel container of BrewDog's The End of History beer (55% ABV)

In 2009, its Tokyo* brew, with 18.2% alcohol by volume (ABV) caused controversy when Portman criticised the availability of a beer of that strength in 330 ml bottles with traditional crown caps. Also in 2009, BrewDog launched a beer called Tactical Nuclear Penguin, with 32% ABV, which was claimed to be the strongest beer ever made.[25]

In 2010, BrewDog announced Sink The Bismarck, an apparent 41% ABV[26][27] to reclaim the world's strongest beer title from German brewery Schorschbräu, which had produced a 40% ABV version of its Schorschbock.[28] Also in 2010, BrewDog produced a 55% ABV freeze-distilled beer called The End of History, with the bottles packaged in small stuffed animals, priced at £500 and £700 each.[29][30][31] Only 12 bottles were produced; 11 for retail sale, with the other one going to video blog BeerTapTV.[32][33] BrewDog claimed that this set new records not only for alcoholic strength in a beer, but also for price. Advocates for Animals called the gimmick "perverse".[29]

The title strongest beer of the world was then reclaimed by Georg Tscheuschner from Schorschbräu, whose Schorschbock 57 boasts an ABV of 57.5%.[34] The title for world's strongest beer has since been claimed again by Brewmeister's Snake Venom at a reputed 67.5%, although independent testing has yet to be published to confirm the ABV.[35]

In 2014 Portman claimed BrewDog was in breach of Portman's Code of Practice “for encouraging both anti-social behaviour and rapid drinking” through the labelling of the Dead Pony Club IPA, which it claimed placed “undue emphasis on the strength and intoxicating effect of the alcohol in the product.”[36]

In March 2017, BrewDog threatened legal action against an independent pub based in Birmingham, England called Lone Wolf, a trademark owned by BrewDog.[37] A day later, after the story was reported in The Guardian, BrewDog director James Watt tweeted that the company had no issue with the bar using the name, despite it having already rebranded as The Wolf.[38] However, Brewdog released a statement at a later date saying "Hands up, we made a mistake in how we acted", blaming "trigger happy lawyers". The next day, further controversy arose over an alleged previous threat of legal action from BrewDog against a bar calling itself Draft Punk.[39] BrewDog's Watt later released a blog statement citing the allegation as inaccurate, calling it an example of "opportunistic lies combined with inaccurate journalism", noting that BrewDog does also own a trademark on the word punk related to beer.[40]

In May 2019, BrewDog was accused of stealing marketing concepts from public relations firm Manifest London, and from job applicants using fake interviews and other deceptive practices.[41]

TV series[edit]

James Watt and Martin Dickie had a show in 2013 on American television channel Esquire Network which lasted three seasons.[42] After the channel closed, BrewDog launched BrewDog Network, which features a selection of original content.[43]

Awards[edit]

BrewDog won the 2008 Prince's Scottish Youth Business Trust Young Entrepreneur of the Year award.[44]

Paradox Grain won a Gold Medal at the 2008 World Beer Cup in the Wood and Barrel-aged Strong Beer Category.[45]

BrewDog won the Tenon Entrepreneur of the Year Award for demonstrating exceptional vision and leadership at the 2008 National Business Awards for Scotland.[46]

The Physics won World's Best Strong Pale Ale (Sub Category Winner) and Rip Tide won World's Best Imperial Stout (Style Trophy Winner) at the 2007 World Beer Awards, an annual competition organised by Beers of the World magazine.[47]

Hardcore IPA won Gold at the 2010 World Beer Cup in the Imperial IPA category.[48]

In 2012, BrewDog revealed that Diageo had threatened to withdraw funding from BII Scotland's annual awards if BrewDog won the Best Bar Operator award.[49] Diageo later apologised to BrewDog for what it called a "serious misjudgement by Diageo staff".[50][51]

In 2018, BrewDog achieved a two-star accreditation from Best Companies. In 2019, it achieved the lower one-star accreditation, with a BCI score of 666.2.[52]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Equity for Punks Investment Prospectus": 32–35. Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 9 June 2019. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Stone, Stuart (26 November 2019). "BrewDog Punk IPA sales increase by 19.7%". The Morning Advertiser. Retrieved 11 March 2020.
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External links[edit]