Britannia (1783 whaler)
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Owner:||Samuel Enderby & Sons|
|Launched:||1783, Bridport, England|
|Fate:||Wrecked off the New South Wales Coast, 1806|
|Class and type:||Full rigged whaler|
|Tons burthen:||301 ton|
Under the command of Thomas Melvill, Britannia was one of 11 ships that departed from the United Kingdom in early 1791 as part of the Third Fleet, bound for the Sydney penal settlement. Britannia departed Plymouth, England on 27 March 1791, carrying 150 prisoners, and arrived in Sydney Cove on 14 October 1791 carrying 129. 21 prisoners died during the course of the voyage. She afterwards went whaling in the South Seas.
Britannia, under command of Robert Turnbull, departed England in early 1798, carrying 96 female convicts. She arrived in Port Jackson on 18 July 1798; two convicts died during the voyage. She afterwards went whaling in the South Seas.
Britannia was under the command of Nathaniel Goodspee when she was wrecked at 0200 on the morning of 25 August 1806. The wrecking occurred on either Middleton Reef or Elizabeth Reef, some 297 miles east of the Clarence River Heads in New South Wales. She struck the reef several times before waves lifted her onto the reef where her back was broken. The crew lowered lifeboats were lowered; one was immediately smashed but two others with nineteen men in all aboard got away. Five men stayed aboard Britannia. Two were rescued the next day while the other three found another boat, put water and biscuits on board, and launched it. The three boats with their 24 men aboard headed for Newcastle. On 29 August one of the boats carrying, with eight men on board, separated from the other two in a gale and was never seen again. The survivors reached Newcastle on 8 September and Port Jackson on 13 September 1806.
- Parsons, Vivienne (1967). "Raven, William (1756–1814)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University.
- Bateson, Charles (1972), Australian Shipwrecks - Vol 1 1622-1850, Sydney: AH and AW Reed, p. 43, ISBN 0-589-07112-2
- "Ship News". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW). 14 September 1806. p. 3. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
- "Interesting Nautical Information.". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW). 26 October 1806. p. 2. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
- Historical records of Australia. Series 1. Governors Despatches to and from England. Volume 6. August 1806—December 1808, Library Committee of the Commonwealth Parliament, Commonwealth of Australia, 1916, pp. 35–36