Brugmansia sanguinea

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Brugmansia sanguinea
Brugmansia bicolor.jpg
Brugmansia sanguinea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Brugmansia
Species: B. sanguinea
Binomial name
Brugmansia sanguinea
(Ruiz & Pav.) D.Don
Synonyms

Datura sanguinea Ruiz & Pav.
Brugmansia bicolor Pers.
Brugmansia lutea Hort. ex Gard. Chron.

Brugmansia sanguinea, the red angel's trumpet, is a South American species of flowering plants that grow as shrubs or small trees. It has been cultivated and used for shamanic purposes by the South American Indians for centuries or millennia.[1]

Description[edit]

Brugmansia sanguinea is a small tree reaching up to 10 m (33 ft) in height. The nodding, tube-shaped flowers come in colors of brilliant red, yellow, orange, or green.[2]

Distribution[edit]

They are endemic to the Andes mountains from Colombia to northern Chile at elevations from 2,000 to 3,000 m (6,600 to 9,800 ft).[3]

Toxicity[edit]

All parts of Brugmansia sanguinea are poisonous. The plant contains tropane alkaloids. Mainly Atropine with only traces of Scopolamine (hyoscine).[4][5] [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoffmann, Albert; Schultes Richard Evans; Ratsch, Christian; Plants of the Gods, pp. 33
  2. ^ Cullen, James; Knees, Sabina G.; Cubey, Suzanne (2011). The European Garden Flora: Volume 5, Dicotyledons: Boraginaceae to Compositae. Cambridge University Press. p. 266. ISBN 978-0-521-76164-2. 
  3. ^ Preissel, Ulrike; Preissel, Hans-Georg (2002). Brugmansia and Datura: Angel's Trumpets and Thorn Apples. Buffalo, New York: Firefly Books. pp. 106–129. ISBN 1-55209-598-3. 
  4. ^ Pratt, Christina (2007). An Encyclopedia of Shamanism Volume 1. The Rosen Publishing Group. pp. 68–70. ISBN 978-1-4042-1140-7. 
  5. ^ Biology digest. Plexus Pub. 1991. p. 18. 
  6. ^ Hoffmann, Albert; Schultes Richard Evans; Ratsch, Christian; Plants of the Gods, pp. 37