Bulford

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Bulford
Bulford - Old Coach Road - geograph.org.uk - 1279834.jpg
Old Coach Road, Bulford
Bulford is located in Wiltshire
Bulford
Bulford
 Bulford shown within Wiltshire
Population 4,201 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference SU168434
Civil parish Bulford
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP4
Dialling code 01980
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Devizes
Website Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°11′24″N 1°45′40″W / 51.190°N 1.761°W / 51.190; -1.761

Bulford is a village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, close to Salisbury Plain. The village is close to Durrington and about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of the town of Amesbury. The Bulford Camp army base is separate from the village but within the parish.

The Salisbury Avon forms the western boundary of the parish, and the village is near the confluence of the Nine Mile River with the Avon.

The Bulford Kiwi

The Bulford Kiwi a large chalk representation of a kiwi on the hill above the village.

History[edit]

Evidence of occupation of the area in the late Neolithic era is provided by many round barrows on the downs.[2] A Bronze Age boundary ditch is in the northeast of the parish.[3]

The 1086 Domesday Book recorded 39 households at Bulford, within an estate of Amesbury Abbey.[4]

The name is derived from the Old English bulut ieg ford meaning 'ragged robin island ford'.[5] It is recorded in the Wiltshire Charter Rolls of 1199 as Bultiford and as Bultesforda in 1270. It is then recorded as Bulteforde in the Ecclesiastical Tax Records of 1291.[6]

From 1897, land east of Bulford began to be used by the Army as Bulford Camp. In 1906 the Amesbury and Military Camp Light Railway was extended from Amesbury into the camp and a station was provided at Bulford, on the southern edge of the village where the line crossed the road which is now the A3028. The line closed to passengers in 1952 but goods services continued until 1963.[7]

Governance[edit]

The civil parish elects a parish council. It is in the area of Wiltshire Council, a unitary authority which is responsible for most local government functions.

The parish is part of 'Bulford, Allington and Figheldean' electoral ward. The ward starts in the north at Figheldean, stretches south through Bulford and ends in the south at Allington. The population of the ward at the 2011 census was 6,018.[8]

Religious sites[edit]

Parish church[edit]

Parish church

The Church of England parish church of St Leonard, to the west of the village near the Avon, is from the late 12th century and is a Grade I listed building.[9] Alterations were made in the 13th century (probably including the addition of the tower), and again in the 14th and 16th. The foundations of the tower proved to be inadequate and its height was reduced, probably in the 16th century. In the 19th century a north transept was added. Restoration in 1902–11 was directed by C.E. Ponting.[10]

Today the church is part of the Avon River team ministry.[11]

Independent chapel[edit]

Bulford Independent Congregational Chapel was built towards the south of the village in 1828 to replace an earlier meeting house.[12] As of 2016 the chapel is still in use and the congregation is associated with the Evangelical Fellowship of Congregational Churches.[13]

Bulford Camp[edit]

The Camp has an Anglican church, St George's (1920s) and a Catholic church, Our Lady Queen of Peace (1960s).

Schools[edit]

Bulford St Leonard's CE (VA) Primary School serves the village. An elementary school was built on the High Street in 1874, replacing a school founded in 1758 which was housed in a cottage near the church. Following the expansion of the village in the 1960s, the present building was opened in 1971 on a new site towards the northeast of the village.[14]

Avondale School is an independent preparatory school for children aged 2–11.[15] The school was founded in Amesbury and has been on Bulford's High Street since 1957.[16]

Bulford Camp has a primary school called Kiwi Primary School.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History – Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Bowl barrow: one of a group of round barrows south of Bulford (1009545)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Boundary earthwork across the Bulford Ranges (1009503)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  4. ^ Bulford in the Domesday Book
  5. ^ "Bulford, Wiltshire". Key to English Placenames. University of Nottingham. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "Bulford". Surname Database. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Oakley, Mike (2004). Wiltshire Railway Stations. Wimborne: The Dovecote Press. pp. 26–27. ISBN 1904349331. 
  8. ^ "Bulford, Allington and Figheldean ward 2011". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Leonard (1131034)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  10. ^ "Church of St. Leonard, Bulford". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Avon River Team". Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "Bulford Chapel (Independent Congregational)". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Bulford Congregational Church". Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  14. ^ "Bulford Church of England Primary School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  15. ^ "Avondale Preparatory School". Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  16. ^ "Avondale School, Bulford". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 
  17. ^ "Kiwi School, Bulford". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 9 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Bulford at Wikimedia Commons