|2nd Governor of Idaho Territory|
|Preceded by||William H. Wallace|
|Succeeded by||David W. Ballard|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York's 23rd district|
March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855
|Preceded by||Leander Babcock|
|Succeeded by||William A. Gilbert|
|Born||December 7, 1822|
Greig, New York
|Died||September 8, 1875 (aged 52)|
Rossville, Staten Island, New York
|Political party||Independent (1850s), Republican (1860s)|
Caleb Lyon was the son of Marietta Henrietta Dupont (1788–1869) and Caleb Lyon (1761–1835). In 1841, he married Mary Ann Springsteen. They had a son Caleb (b. 1842) and a daughter Henrietta Frederica (b. 1843).
In 1847 he was appointed US Consul to Shanghai, but never made it to China – instead he moved to California, and was credited as the designer of the California State Seal adopted in 1849, although the actual design was by Robert S. Garnett.
Lyon was an Independent member of the New York State Assembly (Lewis Co.) in 1851. He resigned his seat on April 26, and was elected to the New York State Senate on May 27, serving during the 74th New York State Legislature's special session in June/July 1851. Lyon was elected as an Independent to the 33rd United States Congress, holding office from March 4, 1853, to March 3, 1855.
Appointed by President Abraham Lincoln in 1864, as Governor of Idaho Territory, Lyon proved to be extremely unpopular. One journalist wrote he was "a conceited, peculiar man, who made many enemies and misappropriated much of the public funds." During Lyon's administration, the territorial capital was moved from Lewiston to Boise, reputedly because Lyon thought it was better to have the capital in a larger city.
Lyon started a diamond-prospecting frenzy when he claimed that a prospector had found a diamond near Ruby City, Idaho. Although hundreds of men staked claims, no genuine diamonds were found as a result.
Later life and death
After Lyon's governorship ended, he returned to his home in Rossville, Staten Island, New York, where he purchased a home known as "Ross Castle" in 1859. A small collection of Lyon's papers is preserved by the Staten Island Historical Society at Historic Richmond Town in New York, along with various artifacts associated with the Lyon family.
- "LYON, Caleb - Biographical Information". bioguide.congress.gov. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
- California State Capitol Museum: Great Seal of California
- Dan Plazak – A Hole in the Ground with a Liar at the Top (2006) ISBN 978-0-87480-840-7
- "Caleb Lyon". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 12 September 2012.
- "Caleb Lyon". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- Roswell S. Coles, "Caleb Lyon's Trip Around the Horn," Staten Island Historian, Vol. 1, No. 4, October 1938. Published by The Staten Island Historical Society.
- Lyon, Caleb, People Record. Collection Database, Staten Island Historical Society, New York.
- "Caleb Lyon". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- United States Congress. "Caleb Lyon (id: L000540)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-03-26
- Objects from Caleb Lyon family in the Staten Island Historical Society Online Collection Database
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
|New York Assembly|
| New York State Assembly
Dean S. Howard
|New York State Senate|
| New York State Senate
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 23rd congressional district
William A. Gilbert
William H. Wallace
| Governor of Idaho Territory
David W. Ballard