|49th United States Secretary of the Interior|
June 7, 2006 – January 20, 2009
|President||George W. Bush|
|Preceded by||Gale Norton|
|Succeeded by||Ken Salazar|
|30th Governor of Idaho|
January 8, 1999 – May 26, 2006
|Preceded by||Phil Batt|
|Succeeded by||Jim Risch|
|United States Senator
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 1999
|Preceded by||Steve Symms|
|Succeeded by||Mike Crapo|
|Mayor of Boise, Idaho|
|Preceded by||Richard Eardley|
|Succeeded by||H. Brent Coles|
October 29, 1951 |
San Diego, California
|Alma mater||University of Idaho (B.A)|
Dirk Arthur Kempthorne (born October 29, 1951) is an American politician who was the United States Secretary of the Interior from 2006 to 2009, serving under President George W. Bush. A Republican, Kempthorne previously served as a United States Senator from Idaho from 1993 to 1999 and as the 30th Governor of Idaho from 1999 to 2006. He is known for his conservative views, particularly on economic issues.
Kempthorne was first elected to public office as mayor of Boise in 1985, where he served for seven years.
Early life, education, and early career
Kempthorne was raised in San Bernardino, California. He attended and graduated from San Gorgonio High School in San Bernardino, attended San Bernardino Valley College, then transferred north to the University of Idaho in Moscow, where he graduated in 1975 with a degree in political science, and served a term as student body president. Upon graduation Kempthorne served as an assistant to the director of the Idaho Department of Lands and then as executive vice president of the Idaho Home Builders Association.
In 1982, Kempthorne managed the gubernatorial campaign for Lieutenant Governor Phil Batt, who lost to the incumbent Democrat, Governor John V. Evans. In 1983 Kempthorne became state public affairs manager for FMC Corporation.
Kempthorne and his wife, Patricia Kempthorne, also a UI graduate, have two adult children, Heather and Jeff.
In 1992, U.S. Senator Steve Symms decided not to seek a third term and Kempthorne pursued the Republican nomination for the seat. In the general election, Kempthorne defeated Democratic Congressman Richard H. Stallings.
In the Senate, Kempthorne sponsored and helped pass the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995, a bill meant to prohibit Congress from imposing unfunded federal mandates on states. The bill aimed to:
[C]urb the practice of imposing unfunded Federal mandates on States and local governments; to strengthen the partnership between the Federal Government and State, local and tribal governments; to end the imposition, in the absence of full consideration by Congress, of Federal mandates on State, local, and tribal governments without adequate funding, in a manner that may displace other essential governmental priorities; and to ensure that the Federal Government pays the costs incurred by those governments in complying with certain requirements under Federal statutes and regulations, and for other purposes.
During his six years in the Senate, Kempthorne scored a "0" on the League of Conservation Voters' legislative scorecards every year except 1993, when he scored 6 percent on the basis of one vote against funding a rocket booster for the space program that environmentalists judged harmful to the environment. His overall LCV score for that period was less than 1%.
Kempthorne was expected to run for reelection in 1998, but instead decided to run for the open seat for governor. The incumbent, Phil Batt, shocked the state by announcing his retirement after only one term in office, citing his age (71) as the prime factor in his decision. Kempthorne's Senate seat would be won by Republican congressman Mike Crapo of Idaho Falls.
|1992||Richard Stallings||208,036||43.5%||Dirk Kempthorne||270,468||56.5%|
Kempthorne won the gubernatorial election in a landslide, receiving 68 percent of the vote while his Democratic opponent, Robert C. Huntley, received only 29 percent. He was reelected in 2002 with 56 percent of the vote, compared to his Democratic opponent, Jerry Brady, who polled 42 percent. Kempthorne's campaign spent nearly $200,000 more than it had received in contributions prior to the election; he spent the next two years raising funds to pay off the campaign debt.
|1998||Robert Huntley||184,142||29.1%||Dirk Kempthorne||258,095||67.7%||Peter Rickards||Independent||12,388||3.2%|
|2002||Jerry Brady||171,711||41.7%||Dirk Kempthorne (inc.)||231,566||56.3%||Daniel L.J. Adams||Libertarian||8,187||2.0%|
Secretary of the Interior
On March 16, 2006, Kempthorne was nominated by President George W. Bush to replace Gale Norton as the 49th Secretary of the Interior. On May 10, 2006, Kempthorne's nomination was approved by voice vote by the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. He was confirmed by the full Senate on May 26, and resigned as governor to accept the position the same day. Lieutenant Governor Jim Risch succeeded Kempthorne as governor, filling out remaining months of the term. Kempthorne is the second Idahoan to hold the Cabinet post. Former Governor Cecil Andrus was the Secretary of the Interior under President Jimmy Carter, serving from 1977 to 1981.
Upon Kempthorne's appointment as Secretary of the Interior, environmental groups characterized him as someone who has "almost always favored changing laws like the Endangered Species Act and the Safe Drinking Water Act to make them more favorable to commercial interests."
As Secretary of the Interior, Kempthorne was criticized for not placing any plants or animals on the federal endangered species list since his confirmation on May 26, 2006. As of September 2007, Kempthorne held the record for protecting fewer species over his tenure than any Interior Secretary in United States history, a record previously held by James G. Watt for over 20 years.
In December 2007, as a result of a long-term investigation and resignation of former Deputy Assistant Secretary Julie MacDonald, Inspector General Earl Devaney found "abrupt and abrasive, if not abusive" management at the department under Kempthorne's supervision. U.S. Senator Ron Wyden, chairman of the Senate Subcommittee on Public Lands and Forests, attributed the "untold waste of hundreds of thousands of taxpayers' dollars" to MacDonald's actions. Of the department, Representative Nick J. Rahall II, chairman of the House Natural Resources said "The results of this investigation paint a picture of something akin to a secret society residing within the Interior Department that was colluding to undermine the protection of endangered wildlife and covering for one another’s misdeeds."
In September 2008, Devaney reported wrongdoing by current and former employees of the Minerals Management Service, an agency under Kempthorne's administration that collects about $10 billion in oil and gas royalties annually, and one of the government’s largest sources of revenue other than taxes. According to the New York Times, "Eight officials in the royalty program accepted gifts from energy companies whose value exceeded limits set by ethics rules—including golf, ski and paintball outings; meals and drinks; and tickets to a Toby Keith concert, a Houston Texans football game and a Colorado Rockies baseball game.... The investigation also concluded that several of the officials "frequently consumed alcohol at industry functions, had used cocaine and marijuana, and had sexual relationships with oil and gas company representatives." The New York Times reports a whistle blower officially complained about the wrongdoings in the spring of 2006, prior to Kempthorne's being sworn into the office.
On December 16, 2008, the Center for Biological Diversity announced intent to sue the Interior Department under Kempthorne for introducing "regulations... that would eviscerate our nation’s most successful wildlife law by exempting thousands of federal activities, including those that generate greenhouse gases, from review under the Endangered Species Act." The lawsuit, which is critical of policy advocated by Kempthorne and President George W. Bush, was filed in the Northern District of California by the CBD, Greenpeace and Defenders of Wildlife. According to the CBD, "The lawsuit argues that the regulations violate the Endangered Species Act and did not go through the required public review process. The regulations, first proposed on August 11th, were rushed by the Bush administration through an abbreviated process in which more than 300,000 comments from the public were reviewed in 2-3 weeks, and environmental impacts were analyzed in a short and cursory environmental assessment, rather than a fuller environmental impact statement."
Kempthorne's appointment was contentious from the beginning because of his history of receiving large campaign contributions from corporations based in Boise, many of whom were natural resource extractive industries such as Boise-Cascade (timber), or companies with a long history of EPA violations, J.R. Simplot Corporation. Among his many other previous, large campaign contributors were Hecla mining, ASARCO, and FMC Gold. When confronted with the issue of his close connections to environmentally damaging industries by his Idaho constituents and lobbyists seeking measures of environmental preservation and protection, Kempthorne was known to simply walk out of the room without saying a word, leaving members of the public to be ushered out by his pages. Kempthorne's reputation grew to a man known for fostering intimate coziness, and open door policies with corporations irresponsibly handling, particularly the US west's natural resources, to one who would simply ignore the vary individuals affected by and knowledgeable of the corresponding environmental degradation.
In 2009, CNN correspondent Campbell Brown criticized Kempthorne for using "$235,000 of [taxpayer] money to renovate his office bathroom at the Department of Interior." According to Brown, the costs included a shower, a refrigerator, and a freezer hidden behind lavish wood paneling, as well as "DK" monogrammed towels. Donald Swain, Chief of the Interior Department's National Business Center said the towels do not exist. He further says the project came in $10,000 under budget and was approved by the General Services Administration.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- "Governance - Bipartisan Policy Center". bipartisanpolicy.org.
- "Kempthorne begins job as life insurance lobbyist". Businessweek.com.
- "Dirk Kempthorne, ASUI President". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1975. p. 107.
- Butler, Gillian; John Butler; Ren Kempthorne (2000). Karanza Whelas Karanza, The Story of the Kempthornes, 1300-2000.
- "UNFUNDED MANDATE REFORM ACT OF 1995--CONFERENCE REPORT". Congressional Record.
- "Text of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995". govtrack.us.
- "S.1316 - Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996". Library of Congress.
- "Dirk Kempthorne, the Democrats' godsend.". Slate Magazine.
- "Office of the Clerk: Election statistics". U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- Russell, Betsy Z. (March 4, 2004). "Bill reins in corporate gifts to Kempthorne". SpokesManReview.com. Retrieved 16 October 2010.
- Janofsky, Michael (March 17, 2006). "Idaho Governor Selected to Lead Interior Dept.". The New York Times.
- "Kempthorne Wins 2007 Rubber Dodo Award: Protects Fewer Species Than Any Interior Secretary in History".
- "Investigative Report of the Endangered Species Act and the Conflict Between Science and Policy Redacted" (PDF).
- "Wyden-Requested IG Report on Interior Corruption Uncovers "Contempt for the Public Trust" and "Untold Waste" - Senator praises Devaney's investigation into political interference in ESA decisions".
- Savage, Charlie (December 16, 2008). "Report Finds Meddling in Interior Dept. Actions". The New York Times.
- Savage, Charlie (September 11, 2008). "Sex, Drug Use and Graft Cited in Interior Department". The New York Times.
- "Bush Administration Regulations Gutting Protections for Nation's Endangered Species Published Today - Conservation Groups' Challenge to 11th Hour Reductions in Protections for Nation's Wildlife Moves Forward".
- "Commentary: Monogrammed towels for Secretary Kempthorne". CNN. January 5, 2009.
- "Commentary Interior Department Defends $236,000 Project".
- "Audit: Taxpayer money used to pay for $222K renovation to official's bathroom".
- United States Congress. "Dirk Kempthorne (id: K000088)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
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Richard B. Eardly
|Mayor of Boise, Idaho
H. Brent Coles
|Governor of Idaho
January 4, 1999–May 26, 2006
Paul E. Patton
|Chairman of the National Governor's Association
|U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Served under: George W. Bush
June 7, 2006-January 20, 2009
|Party political offices|
|Republican Party nominee, U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Idaho
|Republican Party nominee, Governor of Idaho
1998 (won), 2002 (won)
C. L. "Butch" Otter
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Idaho
Served alongside: Larry Craig