California State Route 237

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State Route 237 marker

State Route 237
Southbay Freeway
SR 237 highlighted in red
Route information
Defined by Streets and Highways Code § 537
Maintained by Caltrans
Length11.00 mi[1] (17.70 km)
Existed1934-June 30, 1964 (as SR 9)
1964 Renumbering–present
Major junctions
West end SR 82 in Mountain View
  SR 85 in Mountain View
US 101 in Sunnyvale
I-880 in Milpitas
East end I-680 in Milpitas
Location
CountiesSanta Clara
Highway system
SR 236I-238

State Route 237 (SR 237) runs from El Camino Real (SR 82) in Mountain View to Interstate 680 in Milpitas. It runs south of the San Francisco Bay, connecting the East Bay to the Peninsula.

Route description[edit]

An aerial view of California State Route 237, looking east, taken from above a parking garage on the south side of the road.

Route 237 begins at a junction of Grant Road with El Camino Real (SR 82) in Mountain View, as a four lane divided highway. Most traffic comes from California State Route 85. Westbound traffic can connect to Route 85 southbound, but the eastbound traffic connection to Route 85 northbound is labeled as an exit for U.S. 101. Route 237 intersects with Highway 101 at the southern corner of Moffett Field. After this intersection, a carpool lane is added, for a total of three lanes in either direction. It remains like this until the east end of the freeway at Interstate 880, where most eastbound traffic is directed to northbound I-880. The route then becomes a city street (an arterial road), Calaveras Boulevard, in Milpitas, terminating at Interstate 680.

Exit signs from U.S. 101 north to Route 237 west currently say "Mountain View-Alviso Road". Starting from half a mile after the highway's western terminus, and ending at the I-880 intersection, Route 237 is mostly constructed to Interstate standards, and is named the Southbay Freeway. It is not part of the Interstate system, however.

Route 237 is known for a number of companies that define Silicon Valley's technological landscape. Many major software and hardware manufacturers have their headquarters along 237. Some of these manufacturers include Lockheed-Martin, Brocade Communications Systems, Nortel Networks, Cisco Systems, Yahoo!, Juniper Networks, TiVo, Ariba and NetApp.

SR 237 is part of the California Freeway and Expressway System,[2] and is part of the National Highway System,[3] a network of highways that are considered essential to the country's economy, defense, and mobility by the Federal Highway Administration.[4]

Highway 237 Bikeway[edit]

The Highway 237 Bikeway is a 5-mile (8.0 km) pedestrian and bicycle path that parallels State Route 237. The majority of the path is separated from vehicular traffic, however, two sections comprising a total of 1.5 miles (2.4 km) follow an on-street alignment adjacent the freeway.

This bikeway serves as an important connector in the network of trails in San Jose and Santa Clara County. It intersects with the Guadalupe River Trail, which provides access to Downtown San Jose, as well as the San Tomas Aquino Creek and Coyote Creek trails.[5]

Express lanes[edit]

The SR 237 Express Lanes, the 4-mile-long (6.4 km) high-occupancy toll (HOT) lanes along Route 237 in both directions between North First Street in San Jose and I-880 in Milpitas, opened on March 20, 2012.[6] Instead of terminating exactly at the I-880 interchange, the Express Lanes continue along an connector ramp to I-880, so that eastbound Express Lane users merge directly into the I-880 northbound HOV lane, and I-880 southbound HOV lane users can directly enter Route 237's westbound Express Lane. Solo drivers are required to pay a toll via a FasTrak transponder. Later on, VTA will add express lanes to SR 85, US 101, and also extend the SR 237 Express Lanes to Mathilda Ave.

History[edit]

Before Route 237 was upgraded to freeway status in the mid-1990s, it was a four-lane expressway with at-grade intersections, known as Alviso-Milpitas Road or Milpitas-Alviso Road depending on different maps showing the description.

The Route 237 corridor has long been sought as a location for a freeway connector between Interstates 680 and 880. Many possible sites have been suggested, from Montague Expressway in North San Jose to Mission Boulevard in Fremont. One map printed before Route 237's construction to freeway standards between Alviso and 880 showed a new freeway across bay wetlands between Alviso and the Scott Creek Road interchange in South Fremont. Grading and underpasses for a freeway interchange are presently visible along 680 near Scott Creek Road. [1]

Major intersections[edit]

Except where prefixed with a letter, postmiles were measured on the road as it was in 1964, based on the alignment that existed at the time, and do not necessarily reflect current mileage. R reflects a realignment in the route since then, M indicates a second realignment, L refers an overlap due to a correction or change, and T indicates postmiles classified as temporary (for a full list of prefixes, see the list of postmile definitions).[7] Segments that remain unconstructed or have been relinquished to local control may be omitted. The entire route is in Santa Clara County.

LocationPostmile
[7][1][8]
Exit
[9]
DestinationsNotes
Mountain ViewR0.00Grant RoadContinuation beyond SR 82
R0.001A SR 82 (El Camino Real) – Mountain View, Los AltosWest end of SR 237
West end of freeway
R0.381A To US 101 north (via SR 85 north) – San FranciscoEastbound exit and westbound entrance; SR 85 south exit 22A
R0.381B SR 85 south to SR 82 south – Los Gatos, Santa CruzWestbound exit and eastbound entrance; SR 85 north exit 22C
R0.611BDana StreetSigned as exit 1C westbound
M1.552Middlefield Road, Maude Avenue
Sunnyvale2.483A US 101 south (Bayshore Freeway) – San JoseWestbound exit is via exit 3B; US 101 north exit 396C, south via exit 396A
2.483A US 101 north (Bayshore Freeway) – San FranciscoEastbound exit is via exit 3B; US 101 south exit 396B, north via exit 396A
2.993BMathilda Avenue – SunnyvaleFormer SR 9 south
R3.974Fair Oaks AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance
R4.605Lawrence Expressway (CR G2), Caribbean Drive
Santa ClaraR5.836Great America Parkway
San JoseSR 237 Express Lanes westEnd of westbound Express Lanes
6.877North First Street
8.028Zanker Road
To I-880 north / SR 237 Express Lanes east – OaklandStart of eastbound Express Lanes; last access point from main eastbound SR 237 lanes
MilpitasR9.139AMcCarthy Boulevard
9.349 I-880 (Nimitz Freeway) – Oakland, San JoseSigned as exits 9B (south) and 9C (north); I-880 north exit 8B, south exit 8B-C
East end of freeway
10.0010Main StreetInterchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance; former SR 238
11.0811 I-680 – Sacramento, San JoseInterchange; signed as exits 11A (south) and 11B (north); east end of SR 237; I-680 exit 8
11.08Calaveras BoulevardContinuation beyond I-680
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b California Department of Transportation (July 2007). "Log of Bridges on State Highways". Sacramento: California Department of Transportation.
  2. ^ California State Legislature. "Section 250–257". Streets and Highways Code. Sacramento: California State Legislature. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ Federal Highway Administration (March 25, 2015). National Highway System: San Francisco, CA (PDF) (Map). Scale not given. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  4. ^ Natzke, Stefan; Neathery, Mike & Adderly, Kevin (June 20, 2012). "What is the National Highway System?". National Highway System. Washington, DC: Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 1, 2012.
  5. ^ "Highway 237 Bikeway". San Jose Trail Network Website. City of San Jose. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
  6. ^ "VTA opens Highway 237 express toll lanes". KTVU-TV. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-03-31.
  7. ^ a b California Department of Transportation. "State Truck Route List". Sacramento: California Department of Transportation. Archived from the original (XLS file) on June 30, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  8. ^ California Department of Transportation, All Traffic Volumes on CSHS, 2005 and 2006
  9. ^ California Department of Transportation, California Numbered Exit Uniform System, SR-237 Eastbound and SR-237 Westbound, accessed February 2008

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata