California Über Alles
|"California Über Alles"|
|Single by Dead Kennedys|
|from the album Fresh Fruit for Rotting Vegetables|
|B-side||"The Man with the Dogs"|
|Songwriter(s)||Jello Biafra & John Greenway|
|Dead Kennedys singles chronology|
"California Über Alles" is a song by Dead Kennedys. The single, which was the group's first recording, was released in June 1979 on the Optional Music label, with "The Man with the Dogs" appearing as its B-side. The title track was re-recorded in 1980 for the band's first album, Fresh Fruit for Rotting Vegetables, and the original recording as well as the B-side were later included on the 1987 compilation Give Me Convenience or Give Me Death.
The title is an allusion to the first stanza of the national anthem of Germany, which begins with the words "Deutschland, Deutschland über alles" ("Germany, Germany above everything"). After the end of the Third Reich in 1945, this passage was removed and is no longer sung, as it is almost universally associated with Nazism.
The lyrics are a pointed, satirical attack on Jerry Brown, the Governor of California from 1975–1983 (and later 2011–present), and are sung from his perspective, as an imaginary version of Brown outlines a hippie-fascist vision of America. Lines such as "Serpent's egg already hatched", a reference to a line from William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, comment on the corrosive nature of power. The lines "Big Bro on white horse is near" and "now it is 1984" refer respectively to a statement Brown made during his first governorship that Americans were supposedly looking for "a leader on a white horse", and to the totalitarian regime of George Orwell's classic novel Nineteen Eighty-Four to describe a future (from a 1979 perspective) where Jerry Brown has become President, and his "suede denim secret police" kill "uncool" people with "organic poison gas" chambers.
The song is also an early example of Dead Kennedys' unique style, with heavy surf rock and militaristic overtones. It begins with sinister military-styled drums, joined by an ominous bass riff. Biafra paints the scene in low, sneering tones before bursting into the manic chanted chorus: "California Über Alles [x2], Über Alles, California [x2]"; after two verses and choruses, the song shifts into a slower middle eight section set to a martial drum beat over which Jello Biafra imagines the nightmarish actions of Brown's SS-styled secret police ("Come quietly to the camp; you'd look nice as a drawstring lamp," a reference to the allegation that lampshades were made from human skin during the Holocaust). The pace speeds up as it approaches the last iteration of the chorus, closing with a repeated chord sequence accompanied by a final burst of explosive drums.
German-American author Gero Hoschek was inspired by the song to title a 1988 magazine piece about the "Golden State" in the prestigious German Zeit Magazin weekly titled "Kalifornia Über Alles!" as well as a never produced screenplay. Biafra complained, got and liked a copy of the movie script, understood that there was no copyright violation, and used the same spelling for the song's 2004 remake with Melvins, "Kalifornia Über Alles, 21st Century".
The original, improvised version (containing familiar lyrics but different music performed by the Dancing Assholes and Biafra's first band, The Healers) is included as the final track on the vinyl version of the "Rocky Mountain Low" compilation.
The version recorded for "Fresh Fruit for Rotting Vegetables" was played slightly faster, featuring a much more strident vocal from Biafra and a fuller, more confrontational sound altogether than the single mix.
On their EP In God We Trust, Inc., they recorded an updated version of the song, titled "We've Got a Bigger Problem Now," about then-President Ronald Reagan, including a lounge-jazz introduction, different lyrics, and several verses set at a much slower pace. A live version of the song was recorded with the instrumentals of the original version of the song.
Jello Biafra has made satirical references to the song in his political advocacy. A speech of his appears on the spoken word album Mob Action Against the State that is entitled "We've Got a Bigger Problem Now: War, Terrorism & Beyond." After the election of Arnold Schwarzenegger as governor of California, Biafra commented, "California Über Alles indeed."
Another updated version of this song about Governor Schwarzenegger, called "Kali-Fornia Über Alles 21st Century", was performed live (among a few other Dead Kennedys classics) when Biafra toured with the band Melvins to support their collaboration album in 2004. A live recording of this new version appears on their second collaborative effort, Sieg Howdy!.
Fans of Dulwich Hamlet FC in South London also regularly sing a version of the song as a tribute to their current and longest serving manager - Gavin Rose. Many of the words are replaced, including Dulwich Hamlet for California.
- The song has been included in several video games, including Tony Hawks American Wasteland (2005). It is also sampled in "Dead Ken Beats" by the dance-punk/big beat trio The Prodigy, and featured in the 2010 film The Social Network.
- In Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic) in 1991 the cover version of this song appeared on the album "Alkac je nejvetsi kocour aneb nekolik pisni o lasce" of popular Czech band "Tri Sestry" as "Na kovarne to je narez".
- The song was updated by The Disposable Heroes of Hiphoprisy when they released a cover version in 1992 on the album Hypocrisy Is the Greatest Luxury. They replaced references to Jerry Brown with references to Pete Wilson.
- The song was also widely known in Poland (as "Kalifornia Ponad Wszystko") thanks to the cover by Polish rocker Kazik Staszewski with his band Kazik Na Żywo ("Na Żywo Ale W Studio" album, 1994).
- The band Hasidic New Wave perform a remake of the song on their 1999 album, Kabalogy. In their version, titled "Giuliani Über Alles", Jerry Brown is replaced by former Mayor of New York Rudy Giuliani.
- British anarcho-pop group Chumbawamba covered the song in their 1988 album A Night of Punk Nostalgia.
- The Delgados cover the song in their Peel Sessions CD set.
- Six Feet Under do a cover the song on their Graveyard Classics album.
- Deceased covered the song on their punk covers album Rotten to the Core.
- Hardcore punk band Ceremony has covered the song.
- The Who Boys have done a mashup of the song with "The Revolution Will Not Be Televised" by Gil Scott-Heron called "Revolution Über Alles".
- John Linnell and his band The Statesmen covered it live at least once during his "State Songs" tour, choosing to perform it because it mentioned the state of California.
- Dramarama has recorded a version, updated in 2003 about California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger... "You will lift weights in school".
- A 1986 live recording focused on Ronald Reagan on the album Mutiny On The Bay with live recordings from 1982 and 1986.
- Jayne County covered the song with She Wolves about California's Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger. The green vinyl single was released under artist name Jayne County Meets The She Wolves by the German label Trash 2001.
- Mexican-American death metal band Brujeria covers Dead Kennedys with the song "California Uber Aztlan" in 2010.
- Greek punk band Panx Romana perform a remake of the song named "Πάρτυ κωφαλάλων" (Party for deaf-mutes) in their 1996 album "Διαγωγή Κοσμία".
- AJJ's song "Joe Arpaio is a Punk" shares the same opening and closes with a "Arizona Über Alles" chorus.
- Guts Pie Earshot (de) performs a cello and drum acoustic version named "California".
- Top Ranking, a "mixtape" by DJ Diplo x Santogold (Santigold) includes the song "Big Belly Guns" which utilizes the intro to "California Über Alles". This record was released in 2008.
|UK Indie Chart||4|
- Jello Biafra and The Melvins. Liner notes. Sieg Howdy! San Francisco: Alternative Tentacles. 2005.
- Johnson, Heather. "Dead Kennedys' 'California Uber Alles'". Mix Online. October 1, 2005.
- Alban, Dan (November 11, 2005). "Books bound in human skin; lampshade myth?". Harvard Law Record. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Kalish, John (December 28, 2010). "New book tells grim story of 'The Lampshade'". NPR News. National Public Radio. Retrieved July 22, 2011.
- Lazell, Barry (1997). Indie Hits 1980-1989. Cherry Red Books. Retrieved September 5, 2014.