location of Calingasta Department in San Juan Province
|Established||December 17, 1869|
|• Mayor||José Adolfo Ibaceta|
|• Total||22 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|• Total||8.176 (2,001 census [INDEC])|
|Patron saint||San José|
Calingasta is a department of the province of San Juan (Argentina). It is the southwestern corner of the province, which is predominantly a landscape of mountains and rivers. It is characterized by its production of apples and by tourism, mainly in the tourist towns of Barreal and Tamberías
Origin of name
Several meanings that have been given to indigenous root of this word. People of the inhabitants of Calían. Skirt or safe or major hills. Transforming Catalve "(River of the hillside), as the area was called Calingasta prior to the arrival of the Spaniards.
The department Calingasta comprises the southwest corner of the province of San Juan. It is 217 kilometres (135 mi) west of the City of San Juan with an area of 22,589 square kilometres (8,722 sq mi). Its boundaries are:
- To the north with the Iglesia Department
- To the south with the Mendoza Province
- To the east with the departments of Sarmiento, Zonda, and Ullum
- To the west with the Republic of Chile
Calingasta has a rugged, hilly topography due to its location is at the foot of the Andes. The mountain Mercedario is the eighth-highest mountain of the Andes with an altitude of 6,720 metres (22,050 ft). It is located 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Aconcagua. It is possible to highlight an area precordillerana lower height as the first with numerous mountain cave highlight the Sierra del Tontal. The soil is mainly desert with little vegetation cover except on the river banks in the valleys.
The climate is mostly desert with little precipitation, highlighting marked thermal amplitudes, with notable differences in temperature between night and day, a major solar radiation.