Calvin Carter (born May 27, 1925) is an American songwriter of jazz and pop songs, and record producer.
Calvin Carter joined Vee-Jay Records, founded by his sister Vivian Carter and her husband James Bracken, in 1953 and became its principal A&R man and producer, in charge of recording sessions. According to Allmusic, he was responsible for giving "direction and vision" to the company, which mainly recorded R&B acts such as Elmore James, John Lee Hooker, and Jimmy Reed. Vee Jay Records was the first American company to sign The Beatles. Calvin Carter also worked at Liberty Records and work with Canned Heat.  He also recorded jazz greats like Eddie Harris and Gene Ammons 
His best-known song, "I Ain't Got You", was recorded by both Jimmy Reed and Billy Boy Arnold in 1955 and later covered by The Yardbirds in 1964 (as the B-side to their "Good Morning Little Schoolgirl" single), by Aerosmith in 1973 (on their Live! Bootleg album), and by The Blues Brothers in 1980 (on their Made in America album).