Canada 12d black
|Twelve Penny Black|
The Black Empress of Canada
1851 12d stamp of Queen Victoria
|Country of production||Canada|
|Location of production||New York|
|Date of production||14 June 1851|
|Nature of rarity||few exist|
|No. in existence||about 120|
|Face value||12 pence|
|Estimated value||up to $425,5000 (2011)|
Canada 12d black or The Black Empress of Canada is the rarest Canadian postage stamp, issued in 1851. The 12-pence stamp shows the portrait of Queen Victoria and is the third stamp issued by the province.
In 1851, the Province of Canada[a] issued the stamps of Queen Victoria. For the stamp image, the Queen's portrait by Alfred Edward Chalon (1780–1860) was used. This design is called the Chalon head. The stamps were printed in New York.
In fine and unused condition, these stamps are very expensive. In February 2006, a Twelve Penny Black was sold £116,000.
The first issue of stamps for the colony of Canada was made in 1851 and comprised three pence, six pence, and 12 pence values. One shilling was not used as the face value because in local currency it had more than one meaning of value. In New England one shilling meant 16 and two-thirds cents, which was equal to 10 pence. In New York shilling meant 12 and a half cents equalling seven pence halfpenny. Therefore 12 pence offered no misunderstanding. Out of 51,000 of the 12 pence black that were printed, about 130 copies of this philatelic item are believed to exist today. There are only five unused pairs.
- Canada 2c Large Queen on laid paper
- List of postage stamps
- Penny Black
- Penny Lilac
- Penny Red
- Postage stamps and postal history of Canada
- Two Penny Blue
- "The Black Empress of Canada". Spink Shreves Galleries Sale – 130. Durham, NC: StampAuctionCentral and StampAuctionNetwork; Droege Computing Services, Inc. 2011-01-27. Archived from the original on 2015-06-20. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- Michel Catalog (2000). Übersee-Katalog. Nord- und Mittelamerika. Michel. 339 p.
- Ashton, R. (April 2007). "Sale of the century". Stamp Magazine. 73 (4): 44–51. Corrected in: Stamp Magazine 73 (5): 9.
- "Canada - 1851 12 pence black". The British Library. Retrieved 2019-01-30. Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chalon head.|
- Canada 12d black value
- "Pence (Sc #1–3)". Canada Rare Stamp Gallery. Saskatoon Stamp Centre. Archived from the original on 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2010-02-24.
- "Queen Victoria". ArchiviaNet : Postal Archives: Philatis – Visual Search: Canada, 1851–1966: Province of Canada, 1851–1867. Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Postal Archives Database; Canada Post Corporation. Archived from the original on 2012-04-18. Retrieved 2010-02-25.