Channel 1 (Colombia)
|Branding||Canal Uno (alternatively, Canal 1 as in the logo)|
(in Spanish) Aquí todos somos uno|
(in English) We are all one here
|Owner||RTVC Sistema de Medios Públicos (privately operated by Plural Comunicaciones S.A.S.)|
Patricio Wills (RTI),|
Daniel Coronell (NTC),
Yamid Amat (CM&),
James McNamara (HMTV)
|June 13, 1954|
Televisora Nacional de Colombia (1956-1963)
Canal Nacional (1963-1972)
Primera Cadena (1973-1983)
Primera Cadena Color (1979-1984)
Cadena 1 (1984-1987)
Cadena Uno (1987-1997)
Canal Uno (1998-2017)
Canal 1 (2017-)
Canal 1 (in English: Channel 1) is the first Colombian national television channel. It started 13 June 1954 on channel 8 in Bogotá. It is state-owned by RTVC Sistema de Medios Públicos and run 24 hours a day by Plural Comunicaciones, S.A.S. From the late 1950s to 2017, the channel was in state hands but privately run by programming companies known as programadoras, which bid for time slots with the Colombian state.
In 1963, it became operated by Inravisión (until then, it was operated by the Radiodifusora Nacional de Colombia); later it would move from Channel 8 to Channel 7 in Bogotá. Until 1966, when private local channel Teletigre went on air, the then Canal Nacional was the only television channel in Colombia.
In 1972, it became the Primera Cadena ("First Network") since Teletigre's successor, again in state hands, became a national channel. In the 1980s it would become Cadena Uno ("Network One", sometimes spelled Cadena 1) and acquired its current name on 1 January 1998.
Since July 1998, when private channels Caracol TV and RCN TV (formerly programadoras) started operations, ratings for the state-owned channels Canal Uno and Canal A steadily dropped (see below chart). This and the economic recession of the late 1990s severely affected the programadoras, which one after other declared bankruptcy or became merely production companies for Caracol TV and RCN TV. Canal Uno was less affected than Canal A, which became Canal Institucional, a state-controlled channel, in November 2003. RTI Colombia, the only programadora remaining on Canal A, was moved to Canal Uno and stood there until 2008.
As of May 1, 2017, Canal Uno is programmed 26.6% each by three groups: CM&, NTC Televisión, and RTI Televisión, and 20.2% by Hemisphere Media Group, the owner of Puerto Rican station WAPA and several cable channels. The four groups form joint venture Plural Comunicaciones S.A.S. Nevertheless, the new programming was launched on 14 August 2017, after a month-long teaser campaign with heavy use of social media. This is the first time Canal 1 has been programmed by one company.
- "Amplían por 40 meses concesiones a tres operadores de Canal Uno". El Tiempo. 13 September 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "En el primer trimestre de 2014 se hará la transición para el lanzamiento del nuevo Canal Uno". Autoridad Nacional de Televisión. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Canal Uno emitirá las 24 horas y sacará televentas de su programación". El Tiempo. 2013-12-27. Retrieved 2015-06-06.
- (in Spanish) Farándula criolla, Canal Caracol, una década al aire, 13 July 2008, accessed 14 December 2008