Canongate Tolbooth

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The Canongate Tolbooth, built in 1591.

Canongate Tolbooth is a historic landmark of the Old Town area of Edinburgh, built in 1591 as a tolbooth, that is, the centre of administration and justice of the then separate burgh of the Canongate which was outside the Edinburgh town walls. The building is now occupied by The People's Story Museum and is protected as a category A listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The tower of the tolbooth was built in 1591, and the block to the east of it at that time or slightly after, by Sir Lewis Bellenden, baron of Broughton and feudal superior of the burgh of Canongate and Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland.[1][2] It was the courthouse, burgh jail and meeting place of the town council.[1]

In 1875, the City Architect, Robert Morham extensively restored and remodelled the exterior. Internally, the first and attic floors were combined to make a single floor, now The People's Story Museum.[3][4]

Design[edit]

The clock with bartizans to either side and the conical spire

The Tolbooth comprises a bell tower with a lower block to the east that contained the council chamber and courtroom.[5] The tower has two bartizans with ornamental gunloops on either side of a clock, dated 1884, which is suspended over the Royal Mile by wrought iron brackets.[2][3] Above the bartizans is a conical spire[3] while at street level there is an round-arched pend that leads into Tolbooth Wynd.[6] Architectural features of the east block include a stone forestair which leads to a door next to the tower,[5] an oriel window, [2] and four pedimented dormers by Morham, based on Gordon of Rothiemay's map of 1647, that replaced three piended ones.

To the east of the tolbooth, down the Royal Mile, is the Kirk of the Canongate and the Canongate Kirkyard.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "163 Canongate, Canongate Tolbooth (Ref:27582)". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Youngson, A. J. (2001). The Companion Guide to Edinburgh and the Borders. Companion Guides. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-900639-38-5. 
  3. ^ a b c Gifford, John; McWilliam, Colin; Walker, David (1984). Edinburgh. Yale University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-300-09672-9. 
  4. ^ "Canongate Tolbooth". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Edinburgh, 163 Canongate, Canongate Tolbooth, City Museum". ScotlandsPlaces. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Guide to Edinburgh and its neighbourhood. Oliver and Boyd. Retrieved 2017-06-27. 

Coordinates: 55°57′05″N 3°10′48″W / 55.9515°N 3.1800°W / 55.9515; -3.1800