Cape Flattery Light

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Cape Flattery Light
TatooshLighthouse.jpg
Cape Flattery Light is located in Washington (state)
Cape Flattery Light
LocationNeah Bay, Washington
Coordinates48°23′30″N 124°44′12″W / 48.3917°N 124.7366°W / 48.3917; -124.7366Coordinates: 48°23′30″N 124°44′12″W / 48.3917°N 124.7366°W / 48.3917; -124.7366[1]
Year first constructed1854
Year first lit1857
Automated1977
Deactivated2008
FoundationSurface
ConstructionSandstone/brick
Tower shapeConical
Markings / patternWhite with black lantern and red roof
Tower height65 feet (20 m)
Focal height165 feet (50 m)
Original lensFirst order Fresnel lens (removed)
Current lensVRB-25 (on skeletal structure)
CharacteristicTwo white flashes every 20 s[2]

The Cape Flattery Light is a historic lighthouse structure located at the entrance to the Strait of Juan de Fuca near Neah Bay, Clallam County, in the U.S. state of Washington.[3] The deactivated lighthouse sits on Tatoosh Island, which is named after Chief Tatooche of the Makah Tribe.[4] It is the northwesternmost lighthouse on the West Coast of the contiguous United States. Although closed to the public, it can be viewed from Cape Flattery via a short 30-minute walk.[5][6]

History[edit]

The lighthouse was built in 1854 based on the design by Ammi B. Young. Its first light was displayed from a first-order lens in 1857 and was Washington Territory's third lighthouse. The house with a 65-foot (20 m) tower from the center still stands; the tower's light stands 165 feet (50 m) above water.[7][8] A fog signal building with a 12-inch (300 mm) steam whistle was built on the island in 1872. The original first-order lens was replaced by a fourth-order lens in 1932, then with a modern optic lens in 1977.

The lighthouse's light was decommissioned after a 30-foot (9.1 m) skeletal structure with a solar-powered beacon fitted with six-year solar pack batteries was built on the island in 2008.[9] In 2009, the Coast Guard began cleanup operations in anticipation of turning the historic lighthouse over to the Makah tribe, who own Tatoosh Island.[10] After the transfer, the Coast Guard will continue to have access for purposes of maintaining the optic.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cape Flattery Lighthouse". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ Rowlett, Russ (October 19, 2014). "Lighthouses of the United States: Washington". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  3. ^ "Cape Flattery Light". Inventory of Historic Light Stations: Washington Lighthouses. National Park Service. Archived from the original on April 7, 2004. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  4. ^ Elyea, Winifred (1929). "History of Tatoosh Island". Washington Historical Quarterly. Washington University State Historical Society. 20 (3): 223–227. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  5. ^ "The Cape Flattery Trail". Makah Tribal Council. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  6. ^ "Cape Flattery, WA". Lighthousefriends. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historic Light Station Information & Photography: Washington". U.S. Coast Guard. November 17, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  8. ^ "13th Coast Guard District Lighthouses". 13th Coast Guard District. January 1996. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  9. ^ Schroeder, Deeda (September 21, 2009). "Coast Guard prepares island for transfer to Makah". The Herald. Everett, Wash.: The Daily Herald Co. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  10. ^ Miller, Marcie (October 17, 2009). "Historic Cape Flattery lighthouse to be turned over to Makah; no timeline set". Peninsula Daily News. Black Press Ltd./Sound Publishing Inc. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
  11. ^ Clark, Sue (October 20, 2009). "Cape Flattery lighthouse transferred". Lighthouse News. Archived from the original on April 7, 2015. Retrieved April 24, 2015.

External links[edit]

1940s lift system at Cape Flattery Light