Capparis sandwichiana

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Capparis sandwichiana
Starr 030202-0066 Capparis sandwichiana.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Brassicales
Family: Capparaceae
Genus: Capparis
Species: C. sandwichiana
Binomial name
Capparis sandwichiana

Capparis sandwichiana is a species of flowering plant in the Capparaceae family endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Common names include maiapilo, pua pilo,[3] and Hawaiian caper. C. sandwichiana can be found on the main islands, Midway Atoll, the Pearl and Hermes Atoll, and Laysan.[4] It inhabits coastal low shrublands and rocky shores at elevations from sea level to 325 feet (99 m).[3] Maiapilo is listed as vulnerable by the IUCN and is threatened by grazing, competition with invasive species, and habitat destruction.[1]


  1. ^ a b Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. (2003). "Capparis sandwichiana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  2. ^ "Taxon: Capparis sandwichiana DC.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2008-03-12. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  3. ^ a b "Capparis sandwichiana". Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  4. ^ Culliney, John L.; Bruce P. Koebele (1999). A Native Hawaiian Garden: How to Grow and Care for Island Plants. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 103–105. ISBN 978-0-8248-2176-0. 

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