Cardiganshire County Council election, 1895

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The third election to the Cardiganshire County Council took place in March 1895. It was preceded by the 1892 election and followed by the 1898 election

Overview of the Result[edit]

The Liberals were again returned with a large majority. There were a large number of unopposed returns.[1]

Unopposed Returns[edit]

Retiring Aldermen[edit]

The following aldermen, all of whom were Liberals, retired at the election.

  • C.M. Williams
  • David Jenkins, Maesteg, Glandovey
  • Levi James
  • William Davies
  • J.T. Morgan
  • David Lloyd
  • John Davies
  • Rev John Owen

Only C.M. Williams in Aberystwyth and David Lloyd in Aberbanc sought election. Levi James (Cardigan), William Davies (New Quay), J.T. Morgan (Talybont) and David Jenkins, Glandovey (elected from outside the Council) all stood down and did not seek re-election. John Davies, Tanycoed and John Owen, Blaenpennal, who had filled aldermanic vacancies since 1889 did likewise.[1] All those who stood down retired from county politics apart from J.T. Morgan who was re-elected as an alderman despite not facing the electorate.[2]

Contested Elections[edit]

There were fewer contested elections than on the previous two occasions as the politics of the county seems to settle down after the initial contests. In Aberystwyth it was said that the Town Council elections the previous November had elicited much greater interest.[3]

Those seats that were contested witnessed a swing towards the Conservative candidates, who captured a total of seven seats. These included significant victories at Cardigan and Llandysul. The contest in Bow Street could also be regarded as a Conservative gain.

It was said that a plough belonging to a farmer in Borth was destroyed due to his support for the Conservative candidate.

The New Council[edit]

The Liberals once again had a comfortable majority. Morgan Evans of Llanarth was elected chairman for 1895/96.

Elected Members[edit]

Cardiganshire County Council 1895 : elected members
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Liberal 35 2 8 -6
  Conservative 12 7 1 +6
  Liberal Unionist 0 0 1 -1
  Independent Conservative 1 1 0 +1
  Independent 0 0 0 0

Council following the election of aldermen and by-elections[edit]

Cardiganshire County Council 1895 : following the election of aldermen
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Liberal 44
  Conservative 14
  Liberal Unionist 1
  Independent Conservative 1
  Independent
Cardiganshire County Council 1895 : following by-elections
Party Seats Gains Losses Net gain/loss Seats % Votes % Votes +/−
  Liberal 48 0 0 0
  Conservative 14 0 0 0
  Liberal Unionist 1 0 0 0
  Independent Conservative 1 0 0 0
  Independent

Results[edit]

Aberaeron[edit]

Aberaeron 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Morgan Howell* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Aberarth[edit]

Two Liberals faced each other although he sitting member was described as a Conservative in some quarters.

Aberarth 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Evan Lima Jones 147
Liberal John Timothy Evans* 72
Majority 75
Liberal hold Swing

Aberbanc[edit]

Dr David Lloyd, whose aldermanic term had come to an end, was elected unopposed in place of Evan Davies.

Aberbanc 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Lloyd** unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Aberporth[edit]

Aberporth 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joshua Hughes* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Aberystwyth Division 1[edit]

Aberystwyth Division 1 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist William Hughes Jones 148
Liberal J.P. Thomas 116
Majority 32
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Aberystwyth Division 2[edit]

The sitting member was returned unopposed after E.V. Wynne, chemist, withdrew.[1]

Aberystwyth Division 2 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal D.C. Roberts* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Aberystwyth Division 3[edit]

Aberystwyth Division 3 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Robert Ellis 148
Conservative Dr T.P. Beddoes 141
Majority 7
Liberal hold Swing

Aberystwyth Division 4[edit]

Aberystwyth Division 4 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal C.M. Williams** 165
Conservative Capt. Thomas Doughton 90
Majority 75
Liberal hold Swing

Borth[edit]

Borth 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Morgan Williams 188
Liberal Capt. John Francis 84
Majority 104
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Bow Street[edit]

Bow Street 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Conservative Henry Bonsall 75
Conservative Richard Thomas 74
Majority 1
Independent Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Cardigan North[edit]

Cardigan North 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rev John Williams* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Cardigan South[edit]

Cardigan South 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative C.E.D. Morgan-Richardson 200
Liberal James Stephens* 126
Majority 74
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Cilcennin[edit]

Cilcennin 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jones* 136
Conservative Evan Felix 95
Majority 41
Liberal hold Swing

Cwmrheidol[edit]

Nicholas Bray regained the seat he lost in 1892 after winning the initial election in 1889.

Cwmrheidol 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Capt. Nicholas Bray 72
Liberal John Morgan 65
Majority 7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Devil's Bridge[edit]

Devil's Bridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Jones unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Felinfach[edit]

This ward was now commonly described as Felinfach rather than Llanfihangel Ystrad.

Felinfach 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Walter Thomas Davies*
Liberal hold Swing

Goginan[edit]

Goginan 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Parry unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Lampeter Borough[edit]

Harford, elected in a close contest in 1889, did not initially seek re-election in 1892, but was returned unopposed after David Lloyd was made an alderman.

Lampeter Borough 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Charles Harford unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Llanarth[edit]

Llanarth 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Morgan Evans* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llanbadarn Fawr[edit]

Llanbadarn Fawr 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Hughes* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Llanddewi Brefi[edit]

David Davies had lost his seat at the previous election in 1892 and narrowly lost the by-election following the successful candidate's election as alderman.

Llanddewi Brefi 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Davies 139
Conservative Rees Price 99
Majority 40
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing

Llandygwydd[edit]

Llandygwydd 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Col. John Richard Howell* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Llandysiliogogo[edit]

Llansysiliogogo 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Evan Evans* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llandysul North[edit]

Llandysul North 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Jones 80
Liberal 'Daniel Evans 47
Majority 33

Llandysul South[edit]

The sitting member, Enoch Davies, was returned for the neighbouring Penbryn Ward, leading to the loss of this ward to the Conservatives.

Llandysul South 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Lloyd 198
Liberal Benjamin Jones 176
Majority 22
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Llanfair Clydogau[edit]

The sitting member held on against the most prominent Liberal Unionist in Cardiganshire.

Llanfair Clydogau 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Watkin Davies* 129
Liberal Unionist Henry Tobit Evans 124
Majority 5
Liberal hold Swing

Llanfarian[edit]

Llanfarian 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Vaughan Davies* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llanfihangel y Creuddyn[edit]

Llanfihangel y Creuddyn 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Evans* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llangoedmor[edit]

Llangoedmor 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Samuel Jones* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llangeitho[edit]

Robert J. Davies of Cwrt Mawr had died shortly after the 1892 election.

Llangeitho 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Rowlands 142
Liberal John Humphreys Davies 130
Majority 12
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing

Llangrannog[edit]

Llangrannog
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Evans unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llanilar[edit]

Llanilar 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Benjamin Jones* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llanrhystyd[edit]

Llanrhystyd 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Evan Jones unopposed
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Llanllwchaiarn[edit]

Llanllwchaiarn 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rev William Griffiths 86
Liberal Enoch Thomas 65
Majority 21
Liberal hold Swing

Llansantffraed[edit]

Llansantffraed 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Evan Morgan 113
Liberal Capt. Daniel Jones* 95
Majority 18
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing

Llanwnen[edit]

Llanwnen
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Hugh Rice Hughes* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llanwenog[edit]

Llanwenog 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Bowen Jones 149
Conservative Thomas Jones 115
Majority 34
Liberal hold Swing

Lledrod[edit]

Lledrod
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Jenkins unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Nantcwnlle[edit]

Having captured the seat in 1892, Jenkin Howells held on by a mere three votes over David Jones of Station Road, Lampeter.

Nantcwnlle 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jenkin Howells 121
Liberal David Jones 118
Majority 3
Conservative hold Swing

New Quay[edit]

New Quay 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Marteine Lloyd* unopposed
Conservative hold Swing

Penbryn[edit]

Penbryn 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Enoch Davies unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Strata Florida[edit]

Strata Florida 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Richards unopposed
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Taliesin[edit]

john Jones, elected unopposed in 1892, was returned by a small majority over another Liberal

Taliesin 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Jones* 94
Liberal Richard Jenkins 86
Liberal hold Swing

Talybont[edit]

Talybont 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Jones* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Trefeurig[edit]

This was the first time Llewelyn Edwards had won a contested election, having been defeated at Llanbadarn Fawr in 1889 and 1892. On the former occasion he was made an alderman despite his defeat and on the latter elected unopposed for Trefeurig following Peter Jones's elevation to the aldermanic bench.

Trefeurig 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Llewelyn Edwards* 63
Conservative Henry William Francis 47
Liberal hold Swing

Tregaron[edit]

D.J. Williams had previously represented Tregaron as a Liberal Unionist from a by-election in 1889 until 1892 when he did not stand. He was elected for Llanddewi Brefi at a by-election in 1892

Tregaron 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Daniel Jenkin Williams* 195
Conservative William Rees 82
Liberal hold Swing

Troedyraur[edit]

Troedyraur 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Morris* unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Ysbyty Ystwyth[edit]

Ysbyty Ystwyth 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rev T.M. Jones unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Election of Aldermen[edit]

The overhaul of the aldermanic bench saw the election of key figures from the liberal ranks. Having avoided the principle of electing from outside the Council four years previously this practice was now adopted once again, leading to criticism, most notably from the Liberal-supporting Cambrian News.[2] It was noted in particular that three defeated candidates were elected, namely James Stevens at Cardigan, Daniel Jones of Llanon and Davies of Cwrtmawr. J.T. Morgan of Talybont was also re-elected although he had not contested the election.

  • T. H. R. Hughes, Liberal (elected councillor at Llanwnen)
  • C. M. Williams, Liberal (retiring alderman; elected councillor at Aberystywth Ward 4)
  • Morgan Evans, Liberal (elected councillor at Llanarth)
  • James Stephens, Liberal (defeated candidate at Cardigan South)
  • John Humphreys Davies, Liberal (defeated candidate at Llangeitho)
  • Enoch Davies, Liberal (elected councillor at Penbryn )
  • J.T. Morgan, Liberal (retiring alderman, from outside Council - did not seek election)
  • Daniel Jones, Liberal (defeated candidate at Llansanffraed )

Aldermanic Vacancies 1895-1901[edit]

Daniel Jones died a few months after the election. In August 1895, James James of Ffynonhowell, from outside of the Council, was appointed to succeed him.[4]

Therefore, the following appointment was made for the remainder of the six-year term.

  • James Jones, Liberal (from outside the Council)

By-elections[edit]

Aberystwyth Division 4 by-election[edit]

The Liberals comfortably retained the seat although the Aberystwyth Observer complained that the Conservatives 'made no special effort' to support their candidate.[5]

Aberystwyth Division 4 by-election 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal E.H. James 181
Conservative Thomas Salmon 97
Majority 84
Liberal hold Swing

Llanarth by-election[edit]

Following the appointment of Morgan Evans as alderman, James Evans of Esgerwenfawr was selected as a candidate by the local Liberals, and was returned unopposed.[6]

Llanarth by-election 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Evans unopposed
Liberal hold Swing

Llanwnen by-election[edit]

The Liberals narrowly held the seat following the election of T.H.R. Hughes as alderman.[7]

Llanwnen by-election 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Owen Jones 104
Conservative Joseph Price 91
Majority 13
Liberal hold Swing

Penbryn by-election[edit]

Following the appointment of Dr Enoch Davies as alderman, the previous member, Peter R. Beynon won the by-election.[8]

Penbryn by-election 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Peter R. Beynon 121
Liberal D. Griffiths 96
Majority 25
Liberal hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Cardigan County Council". Cambrian News. 8 March 1895. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "The Betrayal of Liberal Principles (editorial)". Cambrian News. 22 March 1895. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "County Council Elections". Aberystwyth Observer. 14 March 1895. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Cardiganshire County Council". Cambrian News. 16 August 1895. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
  5. ^ "County Council Bye-Election". Aberystwyth Observer. 4 April 1895. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Mydroilyn". Cambrian News. 5 April 1895. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  7. ^ "Llanwnen". Cambrian News. 12 April 1895. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Penbryn". Brython Cymreig. 12 April 1895. Retrieved 5 November 2014.