Cardinal Health

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Cardinal Health, Inc.
TypePublic
IndustryHealthcare
Founded1971
FounderRobert D. Walter
HeadquartersDublin, Ohio, U.S.
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
  • Michael Kaufmann[1]
  • (CEO)
  • Victor L. Crawford[1]
  • (CEO, Pharma Segment)
  • Stephen M. Mason[1]
  • (CEO, Medical Segment)
ProductsMedical and pharmaceutical products and services
RevenueIncrease US$162.5 billion (2021)[1]
Decrease US$1.77 billion (2020)[2]
Increase US$611 million (2021)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$44.45 billion (2021)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$6.33 billion (2020)[2]
Number of employees
48,000 (2021)[3]
Websitewww.cardinalhealth.com

Cardinal Health, Inc. is an American multinational health care services company, and the 14th highest revenue generating company in the United States. Its headquarters are in Dublin, Ohio and Dublin, Ireland (EMEA). The company specializes in the distribution of pharmaceuticals and medical products, serving more than 100,000 locations.[4] The company also manufactures medical and surgical products, including gloves, surgical apparel, and fluid management products. In addition, it operates one of the largest network of radiopharmacies in the U.S.[5] Cardinal Health provides medical products to over 75 percent of hospitals in the United States.[6]

History[edit]

Founded in 1971 as Cardinal Foods by Robert D. Walter, the company was initially a food wholesaler.[7] After acquiring the Bailey Drug Company in 1979, it began whole selling drugs.[8] The company went public on the NASDAQ stock exchange in 1983.[8]

In 1988, Walter sold Cardinal Health's food operations to Roundy's.[8][9] From 1991 to 1996, the company's sales grew from $1.2 billion to $8.9 billion.[10] The company changed its name to Cardinal Health in 1994, and became the third-largest pharmaceutical wholesaler in the United States.[9][11]

2000–2019[edit]

R. Kerry Clark, a former executive and vice chairman at Procter & Gamble, was appointed president and CEO in April 2006, with Robert D. Walter retaining Chairmanship of the board.[12] In September 2008, the company announced Clark and Walter would retire and George S. Barrett would become the chairman and CEO.[13][14]

In 2009, Cardinal Health completed the spin-off of its clinical and medical products businesses into an independent medical technology company called CareFusion with David Schlotterbeck as CEO.[15][16] Cardinal Health is now traded on the NYSE under symbol CAH.[17]

In December 2013, it was announced that Cardinal Health would partner with CVS Caremark to form a generic drug sourcing operation in the United States.[18] The venture was named Red Oak Sourcing and began operations in July 2014.[19]

Between 2014 and 2016, Cardinal, alongside McKesson Corporation, and AmerisourceBergen, spent $13 million lobbying Congress to pass Congressman Tom Marino's "Ensuring Patient Access and Effective Drug Enforcement Act".[20] The bill, which increases the burden of proof enforcers need to show against drug distributors, was signed into law by President Barack Obama in April 2016.[21]

In January 2018, Michael Kaufmann assumed the role of CEO after serving as CFO of the company.[22]

Opioid lawsuits[edit]

In 2019, Cardinal was one of several drug distributors named in lawsuits related to the opioid crisis in the US.[23] In July 2021, Cardinal Health and other pharmaceutical companies agreed to participate in a $26 billion settlement.[24] Cardinal will pay $6.4 billion over 18 years.[24]

In May 2020, Oklahoma Attorney General Mike Hunter sued Cardinal Health in Bryan County District Court, Oklahoma. The lawsuit alleged that he company's actions helped fuel Oklahoma's opioid crisis. The suit was filed along with lawsuits against AmerisourceBergen and McKesson, and the three lawsuits allege that the three companies provided "enough opioids to Bryan County that every adult resident there could have had 144 hydrocodone tablets."[25]

2020–present[edit]

As of August 2021, it is ranked 14 on the Fortune 500 list with FY2020 annual revenue of $152.9 billion.[26] The firm employs 48,000 people worldwide.[26]

Acquisitions[edit]

In 1995, Medicine Shoppe International, the country's largest franchiser of retail pharmacies, was acquired.[8] The merger represented the first non-distribution acquisition by Cardinal Health.[8]

In 1996, Cardinal Health acquired Pyxis Corporation, a company that developed automated pill dispensers for hospitals, for $867 million.[27]

In 1997, Cardinal Health planned to purchase Bergen Brunswig Corp., to which McKesson Corporation responded with a bid to purchase Amerisource.[28] Instead, Amerisource and Bergen merged into AmerisourceBergen.[28] Later that year, Cardinal Health completed the acquisition of Owen Healthcare, the second-largest provider of pharmacy management services in the U.S. at the time.[29]

In 1999, the firm acquired the Chicago-based medical products manufacturer and distributor, Allegiance Healthcare (formerly a division of Baxter Healthcare).[8] In 2001, the company acquired Bindley Western Industries, a wholesale distributor of pharmaceuticals based in Indianapolis.[30]

In April 2006, Cardinal Health purchased Niagara Falls-based ParMed Pharmaceuticals for $40.1 million.[31] In June 2007, the firm announced the completion of a tender offer for VIASYS Healthcare.[32]

In June 2010, Cardinal Health announced plans to purchase Healthcare Solutions Holding, a specialty pharmaceutical services company, for $517 million.[33] In December 2010, the company acquired Kinray, an independent pharmaceutical wholesaler, increasing Cardinal Health's presence in the independent pharmacy market by 40 percent.[34] From 2010 to 2014, Cardinal Health acquired 18 companies including Yong Yu, a Chinese drug distributor.[35] Cardinal sold Yong Yu in 2017 to Shanghai Pharmaceuticals Holding Co. Ltd. for $1.2 billion.[36]

In July 2014, Cardinal Health and CVS formed Red Oak Sourcing, the largest generic drug sourcing operation in the United States.[6][37] The companies started buying generic drugs around the world to sell in U.S. markets.[6]

In March 2015, Cardinal Health signed an agreement to acquire Johnson & Johnson's Cordis (medical) division, a cardiology and endovascular device manufacturer, for $1.94 billion.[38][39] The acquisition was completed on October 4, 2015.[40] Cardinal sold the division in August 2021 to Hellman & Friedman, a private equity firm, for $1 billion.[41]

In April 2017, Cardinal Health announced the plan to acquire the patient product portfolio from Medtronic for $6.1 billion.[42][43] The acquisition was completed on July 30, 2017.[43]

Finances[edit]

For the fiscal year 2020, Cardinal Health reported an annual revenue of $152.9 billion an increase of 5.1% over the previous fiscal cycle.[26] Cardinal Health's shares traded at over $51 per share, and its market capitalization was valued at over US$14.97 billion in August 2021.[44]

Year Revenue
in mil. USD$
Net income
in mil. USD$
Total Assets
in mil. USD$
Price per Share
in USD$
Employees
2005 72,666 4,460 21,838 33.48
2006 79,664 4,814 23,433 38.32
2007 86,755 5,197 23,154 38.62
2008 87,408 3,777 23,448 28.75
2009 95,992 3,748 25,119 21.10
2010 98,503 3,781 19,990 28.37
2011 102,644 4,162 22,846 35.90
2012 107,552 4,541 24,260 35.61
2013 101,093 4,921 25,819 45.20 33,600
2014 91,084 5,161 26,033 65.92 34,000
2015 102,531 5,712 30,142 79.39 34,500
2016 121,546 6,543 34,122 74.14 37,300
2017 129,976 6,544 40,112 69.22 40,400
2018 136,809 7,181 39,951 57.47 50,200
2019 145,534 1,363 40,963 48.37 31,000
2020 152,922 -3,696 40,766 51.67 30,000
2021 162,467 611 44,453 56.66 47,300

Controversy[edit]

Restatements[edit]

In September 2004, Cardinal Health announced plans to restate past results for fiscal 2001, 2002, 2003, and the first three quarters of 2004 downward, after an accounting review and an ongoing federal investigation.[45] In 2005, in connection with the Audit Committee's conclusions reached in September and October 2004, the company made certain reclassification and restatement adjustments to its fiscal 2004 and prior historical consolidated financial statements.[46] According to The Wall Street Journal, "Analysts called the restatement decision troubling, yet limited in scope."[45]

FDA action[edit]

In August 2006, Cardinal Health ceased production of its Alaris SE infusion pump after approximately 1300 units were seized[why?] by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).[47] In February 2007, Cardinal Health signed a consent decree with the FDA which promised procedures to guarantee the safety of the Alaris SE.[15] After FDA inspections, Cardinal Health entered into a further consent agreement with the FDA in 2009.[15]

DEA investigation into Oxycodone diversion[edit]

In 2008, Cardinal Health agreed to pay $34 million in civil penalties to settle DEA allegations that it failed to report suspicious orders of hydrocodone. The fine followed a 10-month DEA suspension of a Lakeland, Florida distribution facility and two others in New Jersey and Washington.[48] On February 2, 2012, the Drug Enforcement Administration again suspended the license of the firm's Lakeland distribution center to distribute controlled substances on charges that it had allowed four Florida pharmacies to purchase excessive amounts of controlled substances, in particular oxycodone.[49]

Cardinal Health obtained a restraining order against the suspension, but the suspension was upheld on February 29 by a Federal district court because the court agreed with the DEA that Cardinal Health's activities represented an "imminent danger to the public."[50] The company stated that it blocked two of the pharmacies, (Brooks Pharmacy in Bonita Springs, Florida, and Gulf Coast Medical in Panama City, Florida), and notified the corporate owners of the two pharmacies that were part of national chains, two CVS stores in Sanford, Florida.[49]

In February 2012, Joseph Rannazzisi, chief of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s Office of Diversion Control, issued immediate suspension orders against Cardinal's supply of oxycodone to suspected pill mills.[20] These orders were filed after Deputy Attorney General James M. Cole met with Rannazzisi to ask if he had met with Cardinal about the investigation.[20] Cole stated that he believed “it made good sense to listen to what Cardinal had to say” regarding the investigation.[20] That year, Cardinal and the DEA reached a settlement that suspended Cardinal's facility in Lakeland, Florida from selling pain killers or other drugs for two years.[51] In 2016, Cardinal was fined $44 million for after the investigation concluded.[52]

In January 2022, Cardinal Health, Johnson & Johnson, McKesson, and AmerisourceBergen agreed to pay $26 billion to settle with all but five of the states suing them.[53] Had the states gone to court, the companies could have faced up to $95 billion in penalties.[54]

Cardinal Health Foundation[edit]

The Cardinal Health Foundation is the charitable arm of Cardinal Health. The company makes annual product donations of over $9 million through international relief organizations and provides up to $1,000 in matching funds for every Cardinal Health employee that makes a charitable donation.[55] In 2008, the foundation established its E3 Grant Program.[56] Over the past seven years, the Foundation has invested more than $7.15 million in funding to 241 hospitals, health systems or other health-related organizations.[57]

Cardinal Health also supports organizations such as Ronald McDonald House Charities, and was named Benefactor of the Year at the 2011 Corporate Caring Awards.[55] In 2015, the foundation contributed $3 million to the Solutions for Patient Safety project, which has raised over $11 million nationally for efforts to improve safety initiatives in children's hospitals.[58]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Annual Report" (PDF). cardinalhealth.com. Retrieved 5 June 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Form 10K" (PDF). EDGAR SEC. August 10, 2018. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  3. ^ "Cardinal Health". fortune.com. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  4. ^ Wartenberg, Steve (February 28, 2015). "Cardinal Health moving some Dublin jobs to Philippines". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  5. ^ "Cardinal Health accused of fraudulent radiopharmaceutical contracting scheme". Modern Healthcare. 2020-05-12. Retrieved 2021-08-16.
  6. ^ a b c Wartenberg, Steve (November 6, 2014). "Turnaround succeeding, Cardinal Health says". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  7. ^ Williams, Mark. "Cardinal Health CEO Quietly Builds Powerful Company". The Ledger. Retrieved 2021-08-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ a b c d e f "THE CARDINAL RULES: GROWTH, AGILITY: CARDINAL CEO ROBERT WALTER HAS USED RELENTLESS DEALMAKING TO BUILD A DIVERSE HEALTHCARE GIANT". Modern Healthcare. 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2021-08-16.
  9. ^ a b "Executive Interview: Bob Walter". Journal of Healthcare Contracting. March 2005. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  10. ^ "The $9 Billion Company Nobody Knows". Bloomberg Business. March 2, 1997. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  11. ^ Wankel, Charles (2009). Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World: A - C. Vol. 1. SAGE Publications. ISBN 9781412964272. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  12. ^ "Walter steps down at Cardinal Health, P&G exec takes over". Columbus Business First. April 17, 2006. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  13. ^ Ghose, Carrie (October 6, 2008). "Next Cardinal Health CEO sees bright future after spinoff". Columbus Business First. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  14. ^ Wartenberg, Steve (May 19, 2013). "Cardinal Health's CEO uses background to think outside the box". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  15. ^ a b c "Cardinal Health to name spinoff after CareFusion line". Healthcare IT News. February 18, 2009. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  16. ^ Rhea, Shawn (September 2, 2009). "Cardinal Health completes CareFusion spinoff". Modern Healthcare. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  17. ^ "Cardinal Health Inc(NYSE:CAH)".
  18. ^ Berkrot, Bill (10 December 2013). "CVS, Cardinal Health form U.S. generic drug venture". Reuters. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  19. ^ Ghose, Carrie (May 1, 2014). "Cardinal Health, CVS generics venture Red Oak on track for July start". Columbus Business First. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
  20. ^ a b c d Lenny Bernstein; Scott Higham (22 October 2016). "Investigation: The DEA slowed enforcement while the opioid epidemic grew out of control". The Washington Post. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  21. ^ S. 483, 114th Cong. (2015).
  22. ^ Rose, Marla Matzer. "Cardinal Health's CEO Mike Kaufmann is a steady hand in his new role". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-08-16.
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  24. ^ a b Williams, Mark. "Cardinal Health to take $140 million charge tied to opioid settlement". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  25. ^ Carey, Liz (2020-05-05). "Oklahoma Attorney General refiles opioid lawsuit against three distributors". Health Crisis Alert. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
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  27. ^ Freudenheim, Milt (February 8, 1996). "Cardinal Deal To Buy Pyxis In Stock Swap". The New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  28. ^ a b "McKesson Plans to Buy Rival AmeriSource". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012.
  29. ^ "Cardinal Health to Purchase Owen Healthcare". The New York Times. November 28, 1996. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  30. ^ "Cardinal Health completes Bindley Western acquisition". www.bizjournals.com. 15 February 2001. Archived from the original on 2004-04-17. Retrieved 2021-08-16.
  31. ^ Staff. "Cardinal Health buying ParMed for $40.1 million". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  32. ^ "Cardinal Health acquires VIASYS for $1.5B". Healthcare IT News. May 14, 2007. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  33. ^ Taulli, Tom (June 9, 2010). "Cardinal Health Pays $517 Million for Obscure Specialty Pharma Firm". Daily Finance. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  34. ^ Dinah Wisenberg Brin, "Cardinal Health to Purchase Kinray", The Wall Street Journal, November 19, 2010
  35. ^ Glenn, Brandon (2010-11-29). "Cardinal Health buys Chinese drug distributor for $470 million". MedCity News. Retrieved 2021-08-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  43. ^ a b "Medtronic closes on $6.1 billion sale of supply lines to Cardinal Health". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  44. ^ "Cardinal Health Revenue 2006-2018 | CAH". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  45. ^ a b Burton, Thomas M. (September 14, 2004). "Cardinal Health to Restate Net, Citing Bulk-Revenue Accounting". The Wall Street Journal. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 17, 2016.
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  49. ^ a b Donna Leinwand Leger "DEA aims big in Cardinal Health painkiller case" USA Today Feb 27, 2012 [1]
  50. ^ Donna Leinwand Leger "Judge blocks Cardinal Health drug shipments in Fla." USA Today Deb 29, 2012 [2]
  51. ^ Raymond, Nate (2016-12-23). "Cardinal settles with U.S. over painkiller shipments to pharmacies". Reuters. Retrieved 2021-08-20.
  52. ^ "Cardinal Health Announces Civil Settlement with DOJ". ir.cardinalhealth.com. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
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  54. ^ Raymond, Nate (2021-11-16). "Washington state, in $95 billion opioid trial, blames drug distributors for crisis". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-02-21.
  55. ^ a b Dutton, Melissa Kossler (April 13, 2011). "Benefactor of the Year: Cardinal Health Inc". Columbus Business First. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  56. ^ "Cardinal Health Foundation invites healthcare providers to apply for grants to improve patient safety, efficiency". Healthcare Finance. October 13, 2011. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  57. ^ "Financial Statements for Cardinal Health, Inc. - Google Finance". Retrieved October 25, 2016.
  58. ^ Sutherly, Ben (February 11, 2015). "Hospital safety initiative helps Ohio kids". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved June 10, 2015.

External links[edit]