Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge
|Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge|
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
|Location||Chesterfield County, South Carolina, United States|
|Nearest city||McBee, South Carolina|
|Area||45,348 acres (183.52 km2)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
The Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge is a 45,348-acre (183.52 km2) national wildlife refuge located in Chesterfield County, South Carolina. The refuge is managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from a headquarters located in McBee, South Carolina. The Refuge is served by U.S. Highway 1, which passes through it.
Ecology and history
The Carolina Sandhills NWR, as its name suggests, is dedicated to the preservation of a portion of the Carolina Sandhills, a distinct ecosystem characterized by inland sand dunes, thin or absent topsoil, and frequent brush fires.
Recurrent, noncatastrophic fires tended to remove invasive shrubs and maximize the health of fire-tolerant species such as the longleaf pine. Pine-friendly birds, such as the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker, also thrived in the Sandhills.
After attempts to farm this portion of the Sandhills turned unsuccessful during the Great Depression, the region was consolidated by New Deal federal managers into the current National Wildlife Refuge in 1939.
- "Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
- "Refuge to Begin Conducting Prescribed Burns in February" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 2011-12-14.