Cassils (artist)

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Cassils is a performance artist, body builder and personal trainer from Montreal, Quebec, Canada now based in Los Angeles, California, United States. Their work uses the body in a sculptural fashion, integrating feminism, body art, and gay male aesthetics. Cassils is the recipient of a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Creative Capital Grant, a United States Artists Fellowship, a California Community Foundation Visual Artist Fellowship (2012), several Canada Council for the Arts grants, and the Rema Hort Mann Foundation Visual Arts Fellowship.[1][2][3][4][5][6] Cassils is gender non-conforming and transmasculine, and goes by singular they pronouns.[7]


In 1997 Cassils received a BFA from Nova Scotia College of Art and Design (NSCAD) in Halifax, Canada. The unconventional NSCAD curriculum, where figure drawing classes where nude models jumped on a trampoline, and the faculty Jan Peacock and Garry Neil Kennedy influenced their early political and feminist work in video and performance.[citation needed]

Upon graduating from NSCAD in 1997, Cassils moved to New York City in 1997, interning at the Franklin Furnace assisting Martha Wilson with the digitization of the archive. In this context they created early exhibitions and performances at the Holland Tunnel Gallery (1998), the Limelight, and PS122. Cassils left in 2000 to attend California Institute of the Arts on a merit scholarship; they received an MFA in 2002.[citation needed]

Collaborative practice with the Toxic Titties[edit]

At CalArts, Cassils, Clover Leary, and Julia Steinmetz co-founded the Toxic Titties, a performance collective that was active for nearly a decade.[8] Together they created a process oriented, and event-based practice, focused on conceptual performance. Their multidisciplinary practice generated a large body of work engaged with the problematics of identity politics.

Toxic Titties performed and exhibited nationally, at various locations such as: the Advocate Gallery (2000), Track 16 Gallery (2002), at the California Institute of the Arts (2001–02), Michael Dawson Gallery (2002), LA FreeWaves Festival (2002),[9] Intersectional Feminisms conference at UC Riverside in Los Angeles (2002), REDCAT at the Walt Disney Concert Hall (2003), Center on Contemporary Art, Seattle[10] (2005), USC Center for Feminist Research, Los Angeles (2006), Art in General (2006), Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions,[11] Los Angeles (2008) and Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (YBCA)[12] San Francisco, CA (2009).

Internationally Toxic Titties exhibited at Manifesta in Frankfurt, Germany (2000), Schnitt Ausstellungsraum in Cologne, Germany (2000), Outside Field: International Festival, Ex-Teresa Arte Actual, Mexico City (2003) and MUCA Roma, Mexico City (2003). In collaboration with artist Dorit Margrieter, they created the 16mm film 10104 Angelo View Drive, a work set in John Lautner's modernist Sheats-Goldstein Residence in Beverly Hills exploring the relationship between architecture and desire. This project was featured in solo exhibitions at Art Basel Miami Beach and at MUMOK, the Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig Wien, Vienna, Austria (2006) as well as at Trinity Square Video in Toronto, Canada (2008).

The Toxic Titties' work received critical attention from significant scholars such as Amelia Jones,[13] Jennifer Doyle,[14] Christine Ross,[15] and José Esteban Muñoz.[citation needed] Many of these scholars first encountered the work of the Toxic Titties when Cassils and Leary were hired to perform in Vanessa Beecroft's VB46 at the Gagosian Gallery in Beverly Hills. Having infiltrated the behind the scenes process of Beecroft's practice, they launched a parasitical performance, Beecroft Intervention (2001). Undermining power structures of identity, class, feminism and art commerce, Toxic Titties hijacked Beecroft's piece by engaging the female performers, who had been homogenized and objectified, in critical dialogue. Their influence unionized the group and forced an increase in the cost of their labor. They documented this performance through the essay Behind Enemy Lines: Toxic Titties Infiltrate Vanessa Beecroft published in Signs: Journal of Women and Culture in Society (2006), and reprinted in Art Metropole's Commerce By Artists[16] (2011).

Emerging solo career[edit]

In 2007, Cassils was awarded a merit scholarship to participate in a residency program at the Banff Centre for the Arts and a Creation Grant from the Canada Council of the Arts Intra Arts department, which allowed them to create an experimental documentary and performance titled Simulation In Training. This piece investigated the theater of war present in the American mass media, and demonstrated the overlap between the military–industrial complex and the Hollywood film industry.[citation needed]

In 2009, Cassils won the Franklin Furnace Performance Art Fund[17] for the performance Hard Times, their first piece integrating these aesthetic, physical and political concerns. The resulting film was subsequently screened at the Asian Experimental Video Festival in Hong Kong, China, Festival Ciné à Dos in Koulikoro, Mali, at Art Cinema Zawya in Cairo, Egypt. and Cultureel tetras de Kaaij, Nijmegen in the Netherlands.

Next Cassils created the performance Tiresias, a five-hour durational performance for an exhibition at Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions called Gutted[18] (2010). During the live performance they used their body heat to melt a neoclassical Greek male torso carved out of ice, recasting the myth of Tiresias as a story of endurance and transformation. Cassils has performed Tiresias at the ANTI International Contemporary Art Festival in Kuopio Finland (2012); at the FADO Performance Art Center[19] in Toronto, Canada; at the City Of Women Festival in conjunction with The Kapelica Gallery[20] in Ljubljana Slovenia; at the Performatorium Festival of Queer Performance,[21] Regina, Canada (2013); and at Performance Studies International[22] at Stanford University (2013). Most recently the piece was installed at the National Gallery of Art in Sopot, Poland (2015). Articles about Tiresias have appeared in well respected academic journals, including an essay in The Drama Review by Maurya Wickstrom,[23] and another in Performance Research Journal by Megan Hoetger.[24] Both journals featured images from the performance on their cover (2014).

Mid-career achievements[edit]

In 2010, Cassils was awarded a Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions Artist Research Grant as part of LACE's contribution to Pacific Standard Time, an initiative of the Getty with arts institutions across Southern California, showcasing cultural production from 1945-1980. LACE chose Cassils to make a new performance for their exhibition Los Angeles Goes Live: Exploring a Social History of Performance Art in Southern California (LAGA)[25] in which they were invited to use LACE's archive as a springboard from which to create a new work. Cassils created Cuts: A Traditional Sculpture, a large body of work that began with a six-month durational performance and generated video installations, photographs, watercolors, and a magazine. This performance is a reinterpretation of Eleanor Antin's 1972 performance Carving: A Traditional Sculpture, in which Antin crash dieted for 45 days and documented her body daily with photographs from four vantage points. Instead Cassils used their mastery of bodybuilding and nutrition to gain 23 pounds of muscle over 23 weeks, transforming their physique into a traditionally masculine muscular form. Elements from CUTS have been exhibited at Rutgers University,[26] the Stamp Gallery at the University of Maryland,[27] the Utah Museum of Contemporary Art (2013),[28] as well as at SOMArts [29] San Francisco, and MU Art Space,[30] Eindhoven, the Netherlands (2014).

Cassils also collaborated with photographer and makeup artist Robin Black to create Advertisement: Homage to Benglis, in which Cassils staged a series of self-empowered representations of trans embodiment, substituting a ripped masculine physique for Benglis's double-ended phallus.[31] This piece received critical acclaim and became the subject articles in the LA Weekly (2011),[32] and X-Tra Contemporary Art Quarterly (2012).[33] It is a key subject of Lianne McTavish's book Feminist Figure Girl Look Hot While You Fight The Patriarchy (2015),[34] and was featured in the publication Art and Queer Culture by Richard Meyer and Catherine Lord (2013).[35] Advertisement: Homage to Benglis was featured in Cassils's solo exhibition at Ronald Feldman Fine Arts, BODY OF WORK, and it is currently on view and being used as the key art for an exhibition in Berlin at the Schwules Museum* and Deutsches Historisches Museum called Homosexualities (2015).[36] The film Fast Twitch// Slow Twitch, also part of the CUTS series, was screened at Moving Image Fair,[37][38] and the ICA London, UK in 2013,[39] as well as at screenings at the Armory Center for the Arts in Pasadena,[40] the This Is What I Want Festival in San Francisco (2012)[41] the Dirty Looks On Location Festival in NY, and Festival Everybody's Perfect in Geneva, Switzerland.

Becoming an Image[edit]

In 2012 Cassils commenced a new body of work called Becoming An Image, originally conceived as a site-specific work for the ONE National Gay & Lesbian Archives in Los Angeles, the oldest active LGBTQ archive in the United States. Cassils delivers a series of kicks and blows to a 2000-pound block of clay in total darkness. The performance is only illuminated by a photographer's flash which leaves an afterimage on the viewer's retina, raising questions of witnessing, documentation, memory and evidence. Becoming an Image has been exhibited widely, including: Material Traces: Time and Gesture in Contemporary Art curated by Amelia Jones (2013);[42] The Edgy Woman Festival in Montreal, Canada;[43] SPILL International Performance Festival in London,[44] Fierce Festival in Birmingham, UK. (2013); in Cassils's solo exhibitions BODY OF WORK,[45] at Ronald Feldman Fine Arts in New York and Cassils: Compositions at Trinity Square Video[46][47] in Toronto, and elsewhere.

Becoming an Image has received significant positive critical reception. The work was on the cover of Art Journal[48] and written about in an article by Jennifer Doyle and David Getsy.[49] Getsy subsequently wrote about the performance and the related sculpture, The Resilience of the 20%, as the conclusion to his 2015 book Abstract Bodies.[50] Becoming an Image was reviewed positively on the cover of the arts section of The Guardian newspaper in London, UK (2013),[51] as well as in publications including The Huffington Post,[52] The Daily Beast,[53] Artsy Editorial,[54] and C File Magazine,[55] and Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC).[56] Additionally, Amelia Jones published writings on Cassils's solo practice in Reading Contemporary Performance: Theatricality Across Genres, co-edited with Gabrielle Cody (2015).[57]

In 2015 Cassils won a Creative Capital Grant to cast in bronze the sculptures called The Resilience of the 20% or the Monument Project,[2] from remnants of the performance Becoming An Image, in which they use their mixed martial arts training to beat a 2000-pound obelisk of modeling clay to the point of exhaustion. In addition to the Creative Capital Grant, Cassils won numerous prestigious grants and awards including a California Community Foundation Visual Artist Fellowship (2012),[4] and a two-year Canada Council for the Arts, Long Term Assistance Grant to Visual Artists (2012-2014). Cassils was a Fellows of Contemporary Art nominee (2013,) and was awarded a MOTHA Art Awards (Museum of Transgender Hirstory and Art) for Best Solo Exhibition of 2013, for their show at Ronald Feldman Fine Arts.[58] This solo show was also reviewed in Artforum Magazine in the December Best of 2013 issue. In 2014, Cassils won the Rema Hort Mann Foundation Visual Arts Fellowship[6] and first ever appointed ANTI Festival International Prize for Live Art.[59]

Incendiary, Cassils first European solo show was at MU in the Netherlands in 2015.[60] This exhibition was the largest and most ambitious to date and featured live performances and the resulting performative objects. The first monograph on Cassils's work was published by IDEA press in conjunction with the exhibition.[61]


Along with Clover Leary and Julia Steinmetz, Cassils formed Toxic Titties, a feminist art collective based in Los Angeles. The Toxic Titties are known for their intervention in the work of Vanessa Beecroft. Toxic Titties infiltrated Beecroft's installation VB46 in 2001 and later spoke of their experiences in the performance.[62]

Cassils features in the music video for Lady Gaga's song "Telephone" from Gaga's 2009 album The Fame Monster.

Cassils choreographed a music video by LCD Sound System (commercial for Gillette) directed by Michel Gondry.[63] Cassils' job was to match the athlete's movements with the beats and sounds the musicians wanted to generate, creating a physical symphony.

Cassils also won a competition to create the album cover for Black Sabbath's single "God is Dead?". Cassils collaborated with designer Cathy Davies on this project.


  • 2009 Franklin Furnace Performance Art Fund[64]
  • 2012 (CCF) California Community Foundation Visual Artist Fellowship[4]
  • 2013 MOTHA Art Awards (Museum of Transgender Hirstory & Art) for Best Solo Exhibition of 2013[65]
  • 2014 Rema Hort Mann Foundation Visual Arts Fellowship[6]
  • 2014 ANTI Festival International Prize for Live Art[66]
  • 2015 Creative Capital Visual Artist Award[2]
  • 2017 Guggenheim Fellowship[1]


  1. ^ a b "John Simon Guggenheim Foundation | Cassils". Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  2. ^ a b c "Creative Capital - Investing in Artists who Shape the Future". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  3. ^ "United States Artists » Cassils". Retrieved 2018-02-06.
  4. ^ a b c "Heather Cassils | California Community Foundation". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  5. ^ "CV « Cassils". Retrieved 2017-08-06.
  6. ^ a b c "Heather Cassils | Rema Hort Mann Foundation". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  7. ^ "About". Cassils. Archived from the original on November 9, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
  8. ^ "Class Notes". Nova Scotia College of Art and Design. Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Artists". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  10. ^ "neoqueer at CoCA". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  11. ^ "Draw a Line and Follow It". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  12. ^ "Yerba Buena Center for the Arts (YBCA) Exhibition | Art Knowledge News". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  13. ^ Jones, Amelia (2012). Live Art In LA: Performance in Southern California. Routlage. p. 184. ISBN 9780415684231.
  14. ^ Sex Objects. University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  15. ^ Ross, Christine (2005). The Aesthetics of Disengagement (Contemporary Art and Depression). University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816645398.
  16. ^ "Art Metropole / Commerce By Artists". Art Metropole. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  17. ^ "FF Fund". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  18. ^ "Upcoming Events GUTTED: LACE's Annual Winter Benefit". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  19. ^ "FADO Performance Art Centre". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  20. ^ "# Galerija Kapelica". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  21. ^ "Queer City Cinema". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  22. ^ "Performance Studies International Conference comes to Stanford University, June 26–30 | Stanford Arts". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  23. ^ Wickstrom, Maurya. "Desire and Kairos: Cassils's Terisias". TDR/The Drama Review. 58: 46–55. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  24. ^ "Past Issues - Performance Research Volume19, Issue3 - CPR". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  25. ^ "Los Angeles Goes Live: Performance Art in Southern California 1970-1983". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  26. ^ "Trans Technology Exhibition Catalogue" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-04-30.
  27. ^ "Queer Objectivity". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  28. ^ "Battleground States | UMOCA". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  29. ^ "Projected Personae — SOMArts". Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  30. ^ "GenderBlender | past | MU Eindhoven". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  31. ^ "Bend It Like Benglis". 2014-10-20. Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  32. ^ Wagley, Catherine (2011-09-29). "Heather Cassils Gets Ripped for LACE Performance Art Show". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  33. ^ "Re-performance: History as an Experience to Be Had". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  34. ^ "Feminist Figure Girl". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  35. ^ "Art and Queer Culture | Art | Phaidon Store". Phaidon. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  36. ^ "Deutsches Historisches Museum: Homosexualität_en". Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  37. ^ "Fast Twitch// Slow Twitch". 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  38. ^ Artist - Heather Cassils, retrieved 2015-09-27
  39. ^ "Artists' Film Club: Masculine/Feminine | Institute of Contemporary Arts". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  40. ^ "Moving Image Art: HUMAN ANIMAL » Armory Center for the Arts". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  41. ^ "2015 Festival". THIS IS WHAT I WANT FESTIVAL. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  42. ^ "Leonard & Bina Ellen Art Gallery". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  43. ^ "Heather Cassils | edgy women blog". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  44. ^ "Becoming An Image | SPILL Festival". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  45. ^ "Bashing Binaries -- Along With 2,000 Pounds of Clay (PHOTOS, VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. 2013-09-07. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  46. ^ "Cassils: Compositions". Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  47. ^ "Cassils: Compositions | Pleasure Dome". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  48. ^ "Winter 2013, Vol. 72, No. 4 | Art Journal Open". 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  49. ^ Getsy, David J.; Doyle, Jennifer. "Queer Formalisms: Jennifer Doyle and David Getsy in Conversation". Art Journal. 72 (4): 58–71. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  50. ^ Getsy, David (2015). Abstract Bodies: Sixties Sculpture in the Expanded Field of Gender. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. pp. 266–74. ISBN 9780300196757.
  51. ^ Frizzell, Nell (2013-10-03). "Heather Cassils: the transgender bodybuilder who attacks heaps of clay". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  52. ^ "WATCH: Tran Artist's Incredible Body Transformation Over 23 Weeks". The Huffington Post. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  53. ^ Gopnik, Blake (2013-09-25). "The Terminatrix". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  54. ^ "Bodybuilder Artist Heather Cassils Channels Lynda Benglis and Eleanor Antin". 2013-10-14. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  55. ^ "Clay | Heather Cassils' Becoming An Image | CFile Foundation for Contemporary Ceramic Art". 2013-11-08. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  56. ^ "Performance artist Heather Cassils defies gender norms". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  57. ^ Cheng, Meiling; Cody, Gabrielle, eds. (September 2015). "Reading Contemporary Performance: Theatricality Across Genres". Routledge. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  58. ^ "AWARDEES ANNOUNCED!". Museum of Transgender Hirstory & Art. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  59. ^ "ANTI Festival". Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  60. ^ "Incendiary | past | MU Eindhoven". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
  61. ^ Heather., Cassils (2015). Cassils. Getsy, David,, Steinmetz, Julia. [Netherlands]. ISBN 9789079423088. OCLC 921284037.
  62. ^ Jennifer Doyle Sex Objects: Art and the Dialectic of Desire (Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press, 2006), p. 133
  63. ^ "Michel Gondry - Films". Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  64. ^ "FF Fund". Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  65. ^ "Awardees announced!". Retrieved 2015-09-28.
  66. ^ "Live Art Prize". Archived from the original on 2015-09-28. Retrieved 2015-09-28.

Further reading[edit]


  • David Getsy, "The Image of Becoming: Heather Cassils's Allegories of Transformation" in Cassils, exh. cat. (Eindhoven: MU Eindhoven, 2015)[1]
  • Julia Steinmetz, "Cassils: Inextinguishable Fire," in Cassils, exh. cat. (Eindhoven: MU Eindhoven, 2015)[2]
  • David Getsy, "Abstraction and the Unforeclosed," in Abstract Bodies: Sixties Sculpture in the Expanded Field of Gender (Yale University Press, 2015)[3]
  • Ameila Jones, Reading Contemporary Performance: Theatricality Across Genres, coedited with Gabrielle Cody (London: Routledge: 20152013)
  • Lianne McTavish, Feminist Figure Girl Look Hot While You Fight The Patriarchy. State University of New York Press. 2015
  • Eliza Steinbock, "Photographic Flashes: On imaging Trans Violence in Heather Cassils' Durational Art". Photography & Culture, Volume 7—Issue 3, (November 2014): 253–268
  • Maurya Wickstrom, "Desire and Karios: Cassils Terisias." The Drama Review (TDR), (Winter 2014): 46-55
  • Megan Hoetger. "Tiresias by Heather Cassils." Performance Research Journal, Vol. 19, Issue 3.(Fall, 201): 58-59
  • Jennifer Doyle and David Getsy. "Queer Formalisim: Jennifer Doyel and David Getsy in Conversation." Art Journal 72, No 4 (Winter 2014): 58-71.[4]
  • Richard Meyer and Catherine Lord, Art and Queer Culture, Phaidon Press, London, UK
  • Megan Hoetger, X Tra Magazine "Re-performance: History as an Experience to Be Had; Los Angeles Goes Live: Performance Art in Southern California 1970-1983; Los Angeles Contemporary Exhibitions, Los Angeles," Fall 2012 / Volume 15, no. 1.
  • "Behind Enemy Lines: Toxic Titties Infiltrate Vanassa Beecroft", Heather Cassils, Clover Leary, Julia Steinmetz. Luis Jacob, Commerce by Artists, Art Metropole, pp 318–335
  • "Behind Enemy Lines: Toxic Titties Infiltrate Vanassa Beecroft", Signs: Journal of Women and Culture in Society, Heather Cassils, Clover Leary, Julia Steinmetz. University of Chicago

External links[edit]