Catalan regional election, 1999
All 135 seats in the Parliament of Catalonia
68 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Catalonia
The Parliament of Catalonia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Catalonia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Generalitat. Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.
The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
The term of the Parliament of Catalonia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The President of the Generalitat was required to call an election fifteen days prior to the date of expiry of parliament, with election day taking place within sixty days after the call. The previous election was held on 19 November 1995, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 19 November 1999. The election was required to be called no later than 4 November 1999, with it taking place on the sixtieth day from the call, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Monday, 3 January 2000.
The President of the Generalitat had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous one under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.
Parties and leaders
Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:
|Parties and coalitions||Composition||Ideology||Candidate||Seats at
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||Centrism, Catalan autonomism||Jordi Pujol||
60 / 135
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia–Citizens for Change (PSC–CpC)||Social democracy||Pasqual Maragall||
33 / 135
|People's Party (PP)||Conservatism, Christian democracy||Alberto Fernández Díaz||
17 / 135
|Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V)||Eco-socialism||Rafael Ribó||
9 / 135
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||Left-wing nationalism, Catalan independentism||Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira||
9 / 135
|United and Alternative Left (EUiA)||Socialism, Communism||Antoni Lucchetti||
1 / 135
|The Greens–Ecologist Confederation of Catalonia (EV–CEC)||Ecologism||Elisenda Fores||
1 / 135
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty.
|17 Oct 1999||Regional Election||37.7||37.9||9.5||2.5||8.7||3.7||0.2|
|16 Sep–3 Oct||CIS||38.6||31.7||11.7||9.7||4.5||3.8||6.9|
|28 Sep–2 Oct||Ipsos-Eco||36.8||34.6||11.9||8.3||6.1||2.3||2.2|
|15–21 Sep||DYM||42.8||34.3||10.7||w. PSC||8.7||3.5||8.5|
|13 Sep||La Vanguardia[d]||37.0||36.7||11.0||4.3||7.8||3.2||0.3|
|13 Jun 1999||EP Election||29.3||34.6||16.9||5.4||6.1||7.7||5.3|
|29 Apr–1 May||Opina||39.0||31.0||15.0||6.0||7.0||2.0||8.0|
|21 Feb||La Vanguardia[d]||33.6||34.1||16.1||5.7||5.7||4.8||0.5|
|3 Mar 1996||General Election||29.6||39.4||18.0||7.6||4.2||1.2||9.8|
|19 Nov 1995||Regional Election||40.9||24.9||13.1||9.7||9.5||1.9||16.0|
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.
|17 Oct 1999||Regional Election||56||52||12||3||12||0|
|16 Sep–3 Oct||CIS||57−59||45−47||14−15||4−5||11−13||0|
|28 Sep–2 Oct||Ipsos-Eco||53−55||47−48||14−15||7||12||0|
|13 Sep||La Vanguardia[d]||52−58||47−57||13−14||3−4||9−12||0|
|29 Apr–1 May||Opina||58||44||19||6||8||0|
|21 Feb||La Vanguardia[d]||47−57||44−55||21||5−6||7||0|
|19 Nov 1995||Regional Election||60||34||17||11||13||0|
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia–Citizens for Change (PSC–CpC)1||1,183,299||37.85||+11.75||52||+17|
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia–Citizens for Change (PSC–CpC)2||948,202||30.33||+11.08||36||+14|
|Socialists' Party–Citizens for Change–Initiative–Greens (PSC–CpC–IC–V)3||235,097||7.52||+0.67||16||+3|
|Convergence and Union (CiU)||1,178,420||37.70||–3.25||56||–4|
|People's Party (PP)||297,265||9.51||–3.57||12||–5|
|Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC)||271,173||8.67||–0.82||12||–1|
|Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V)2||78,441||2.51||–5.99||3||–7|
|United and Alternative Left (EUiA)||44,454||1.42||New||0||±0|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||44,070||1.41||—||0||±0|
|The Greens–Ecologist Confederation of Catalonia (EV–CEC)||22,797||0.73||New||0||±0|
|The Greens–Green Alternative (EV–AV)||8,254||0.26||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI)||2,784||0.09||New||0||±0|
|Catalan State (EC)||1,774||0.06||New||0||±0|
|Humanist Party of Catalonia (PHC)||1,327||0.04||New||0||±0|
|Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS)||1,281||0.04||+0.03||0||±0|
|Democratic and Social Centre (CDS)||1,161||0.04||New||0||±0|
|Natural Law Party (PLN)||1,029||0.03||New||0||±0|
|UNIC–Independents' Federation of Catalonia (UNIC–FIC)||881||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Bounced Public Workers (TPR)||833||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Espinalist Party (PE)||799||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Internationalist Struggle (LI (LIT–CI))||485||0.02||New||0||±0|
|Federal Democratic Union (UFD)||447||0.01||New||0||±0|
|Catalans in the World (CAM)||110||0.00||New||0||±0|
|Democratic Party of the People (PDEP)||108||0.00||±0.00||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||3,133,926||59.20||–4.44|
Distribution by constituency
Jordi Pujol (CiU)
|Ballot →||16 November 1999|
|Required majority →||68 out of 135|
68 / 135
55 / 135
12 / 135
0 / 135
- Aggregated data for PSC and IC–EV in Girona, Lleida and Tarragona in the 1995 election.
- Data for IC–EV in the 1995 election, not including results in Girona, Lleida and Tarragona.
- In Girona, Lleida and Tarragona.
- This poll provides data ranges, approximations and/or various electoral scenario hypotheses calculated using similar weighting parameters. In order to simplify, the average of these data is given.
- "Maragall, elegido candidato a la Generalitat con casi 60.000 votos". El País. 7 March 1999. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979, Organic Law No. 4 of 18 December 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Parliament, President and Executive Council of the Generalitat Law of 1982, Law No. 3 of 25 March 1982 Official Journal of the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- Parliament, President and Executive Council of the Generalitat Law Reform of 1985, Law No. 8 of 24 May 1985 Official Journal of the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- "EDICTO de 20 de septiembre de 1999, por el que se hace pública la lista de candidaturas proclamadas para las elecciones al Parlamento de Cataluña de 1999 por las Juntas Electorales Provinciales de Barcelona, Girona, Lleida y Tarragona". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Spanish) (2979). 21 September 1999. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "Parliament of Catalonia: parliamentary groups since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "Deputies of the Parliament of Catalonia since 1932". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Parliament of Catalonia elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Barcelona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Girona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
- "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Tarragona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.