Catalan regional election, 1999

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Catalan regional election, 1999
Catalonia
← 1995 17 October 1999 2003 →

All 135 seats in the Parliament of Catalonia
68 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 5,293,657 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4.2%
Turnout 3,133,926 (59.2%)
Red Arrow Down.svg4.4 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Jordi Pujol 1996 (cropped).jpg Pasqual Maragall 2004 (cropped).jpg Alberto Fernández Díaz (cropped).jpg
Leader Jordi Pujol Pasqual Maragall Alberto Fernández Díaz
Party CiU PSCCpC PP
Leader since 17 November 1974 6 March 1999[1] 28 September 1996
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 60 seats, 40.9% 35 seats, 26.1%[a] 17 seats, 13.1%
Seats won 56 52 12
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg4 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg17 Red Arrow Down.svg5
Popular vote 1,178,420 1,183,299 297,265
Percentage 37.7% 37.9% 9.5%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg3.2 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg11.8 pp Red Arrow Down.svg3.6 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira - 001 cropped.jpg Rafael Ribó 2013 (cropped).jpg
Leader Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira Rafael Ribó
Party ERC IC–V
Leader since 25 November 1996 23 February 1987
Leader's seat Barcelona Barcelona
Last election 13 seats, 9.5% 10 seats, 8.5%[b]
Seats won 12 3
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Red Arrow Down.svg7
Popular vote 271,173 78,441
Percentage 8.7% 2.5%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg0.8 pp Red Arrow Down.svg6.0 pp

CataloniaProvinceMapParliament1999.png
Constituency results map for the Parliament of Catalonia

President before election

Jordi Pujol
CiU

Elected President

Jordi Pujol
CiU

The 1999 Catalan regional election was held on Sunday, 17 October 1999, to elect the 6th Parliament of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. All 135 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

Overview[edit]

Electoral system[edit]

The Parliament of Catalonia was the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Catalonia, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Catalan Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Generalitat.[2] Voting for the Parliament was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights.

The 135 members of the Parliament of Catalonia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[3] Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona. Each constituency was allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.[2][4]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.[5][6]

Election date[edit]

The term of the Parliament of Catalonia expired four years after the date of its previous election, unless it was dissolved earlier. The President of the Generalitat was required to call an election fifteen days prior to the date of expiry of parliament, with election day taking place within sixty days after the call. The previous election was held on 19 November 1995, which meant that the legislature's term would have expired on 19 November 1999. The election was required to be called no later than 4 November 1999, with it taking place on the sixtieth day from the call, setting the latest possible election date for the Parliament on Monday, 3 January 2000.[2]

The President of the Generalitat had the prerogative to dissolve the Parliament of Catalonia and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process and that dissolution did not occur before one year had elapsed since a previous one under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called.[4][7]

Parties and leaders[edit]

Below is a list of the main parties and coalitions which contested the election:

Parties and coalitions[8] Composition Ideology Candidate Seats at
dissolution[9][10]
Convergence and Union (CiU) Centrism, Catalan autonomism Jordi Pujol
Socialists' Party of CataloniaCitizens for Change (PSC–CpC) Social democracy Pasqual Maragall
People's Party (PP) Conservatism, Christian democracy Alberto Fernández Díaz
Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V) Eco-socialism Rafael Ribó
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) Left-wing nationalism, Catalan independentism Josep-Lluís Carod-Rovira
United and Alternative Left (EUiA) Socialism, Communism Antoni Lucchetti
The Greens–Ecologist Confederation of Catalonia (EV–CEC) Ecologism Elisenda Fores

Opinion polls[edit]

Vote[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first, and using the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. If such date is unknown, the date of publication is given instead. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. When a specific poll does not show a data figure for a party, the party's cell corresponding to that poll is shown empty.

Seat projections[edit]

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 68 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Parliament of Catalonia.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 17 October 1999 Parliament of Catalonia election results
CataloniaParliamentDiagram1999.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 1,178,420 37.70 –3.25 56 –4
People's Party (PP) 297,265 9.51 –3.57 12 –5
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 271,173 8.67 –0.82 12 –1
Initiative for Catalonia–Greens (IC–V)2 78,441 2.51 –5.99 3 –7
United and Alternative Left (EUiA) 44,454 1.42 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 28,968 0.93 –0.04
Total 3,126,090 135 ±0
Valid votes 3,126,090 99.75 +0.03
Invalid votes 7,836 0.25 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 3,133,926 59.20 –4.44
Abstentions 2,159,731 40.80 +4.44
Registered voters 5,293,657
Sources[11][12]
Popular vote
PSCCpC
37.85%
CiU
37.70%
PP
9.51%
ERC
8.67%
IC–V
2.51%
EUiA
1.42%
Others
1.41%
Blank ballots
0.93%
Seats
CiU
41.48%
PSCCpC
38.52%
PP
8.89%
ERC
8.89%
IC–V
2.22%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PSCCpC CiU PP ERC IC–V
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Barcelona 40.0 36 35.1 31 9.9 8 7.7 7 3.3 3
Girona 29.2 5 48.6 9 6.0 1 12.8 2
Lleida 29.5 5 48.1 8 8.0 1 11.6 1
Tarragona 34.1 6 41.3 8 10.6 2 10.5 2
Total 37.9 52 37.7 56 9.5 12 8.7 12 2.5 3
Sources[13][14][15][16][12]

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture
Jordi Pujol (CiU)
Ballot → 16 November 1999
Required majority → 68 out of 135
68 / 135
55 / 135
12 / 135
Absentees
0 / 135
Sources[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Aggregated data for PSC and ICEV in Girona, Lleida and Tarragona in the 1995 election.
  2. ^ Data for ICEV in the 1995 election, not including results in Girona, Lleida and Tarragona.
  3. ^ In Girona, Lleida and Tarragona.
  4. ^ a b c d This poll provides data ranges, approximations and/or various electoral scenario hypotheses calculated using similar weighting parameters. In order to simplify, the average of these data is given.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maragall, elegido candidato a la Generalitat con casi 60.000 votos". El País. 7 March 1999. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979, Organic Law No. 4 of 18 December 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Parliament, President and Executive Council of the Generalitat Law of 1982, Law No. 3 of 25 March 1982 Official Journal of the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  5. ^ General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Parliament, President and Executive Council of the Generalitat Law Reform of 1985, Law No. 8 of 24 May 1985 Official Journal of the Generalitat of Catalonia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  8. ^ "EDICTO de 20 de septiembre de 1999, por el que se hace pública la lista de candidaturas proclamadas para las elecciones al Parlamento de Cataluña de 1999 por las Juntas Electorales Provinciales de Barcelona, Girona, Lleida y Tarragona". Diari Oficial de la Generalitat de Catalunya (in Spanish) (2979). 21 September 1999. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  9. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia: parliamentary groups since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  10. ^ "Deputies of the Parliament of Catalonia since 1932". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c "Parliament of Catalonia elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Barcelona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  14. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Girona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Tarragona". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.