Cave Canem Foundation
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Cave Canem Foundation is an American 501(c)(3) organization founded in 1996 by poets Toi Derricotte and Cornelius Eady to remedy the under-representation and isolation of African American poets in Master of Fine Arts (MFA) programs and writing workshops across the United States. It is based in Brooklyn, New York.
Cave Canem programs include an annual summer retreat, regional workshops, first- and second-book poetry prizes, anthology publication and national readings and panels. The organization has also published two anthologies, Gathering Ground: A Reader Celebrating Cave Canem’s First Decade, edited by Derricotte and Eady (University of Michigan Press, 2006), and The Ringing Ear: Black Poets Lean South, edited by Nikky Finney (University of Georgia Press, 2007).
Founded in 1996 by poets Toi Derricotte and Cornelius Eady, Cave Canem Foundation began as a week-long writing retreat for selected African American poets at Mount St. Alphonsus Conference Center in Esopus, New York. Since then, Cave Canem "has grown from an initial gathering of 26 poets to become an influential movement with a renowned faculty and a high-achieving national fellowship" of over 300. The Foundation's name, Cave Canem, refers to a "Beware of the Dog" sign that Derricotte spotted while visiting the House of the Tragic Poet in the lost city of Pompeii.
Writing for The New York Times in 2015, Stephen Burt described Cave Canem as "a major incubator for the current renaissance in black poetry, which includes the poets Tracy K. Smith, who won the 2012 Pulitzer Prize in poetry; Afaa Michael Weaver, who won the Kingsley Tufts prize last year; and, most recently, Claudia Rankine, who won the National Book Critics Circle Award for poetry this year."
Currently held annually at the University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg, Pennsylvania, Cave Canem’s tuition-free retreat is a week of faculty-led writing workshops and poetry readings for African American poets. Accepted applicants (fellows) may participate for a maximum of three summers within a five-year period. Past faculty have included Presidential Inaugural poet Elizabeth Alexander; Pulitzer Prize winner Yusef Komunyakaa; National Book Award finalists Patricia Smith and Carl Phillips and 2011 National Book Award winner Nikky Finney.
Cave Canem Foundation sponsors two annual book prizes. One is the Cave Canem Poetry Prize, awarded for an exceptional first book by an African American poet and published by the University of Pittsburgh Press; Natasha Trethewey won the inaugural prize in 1999 for her collection Domestic Work. Other winners have included Van Clief-Stefanon (2001) and Donika Kelly (2011) for her book, Bestiary.
The second is the Cave Canem Northwestern University Press Poetry Prize, a second-book award established in 2009 that “celebrates and publishes works of lasting cultural value and literary excellence” by African American poets.
Established in 2001, these moderated discussions feature poets and scholars who "have played historic roles in African American poetry." Participants have included Nobel Laureate Derek Walcott, Pulitzer Prize winner Rita Dove, and poet and activist Amiri Baraka.
Poets on Craft series
Launched in 2008, Poets on Craft features “award-winning poets in the early-to-middle stages of their careers. Poets meet in moderated conversation, discussing aesthetics, the role of the contemporary poet and other topical issues.” Participants have included National Book Critics Circle Award finalist Major Jackson and Walt Whitman Award winner Suji Kwock Kim.
Established in 1999, workshops for emerging poets of color are held semi-annually in New York City and, more recently, in Columbia, South Carolina in partnership with the South Carolina Poetry Initiative. Instructors have included former Poet Laureate of Connecticut, Marilyn Nelson, Whiting Writers' Award winner Tyehimba Jess, and American Book Award winner, Kimiko Hahn.
In 2016, Cave Canem became the first organization (rather than individual) to win the National Book Foundation's Literarian Award for service to the American literary community. The National Book Foundation's executive director Lisa Lucas said: “Cave Canem’s innovative and effective literary activism has been transformative to the world of letters. Their ongoing commitment to provide supportive channels for African American poets to thrive has yielded works that enrich the world’s literary culture.”
- 2006: Gathering Ground: a Reader Celebrating Cave Canem's First Decade ISBN 9780472099245 OCLC 62133808
- 2007: The Ringing Ear: Black Poets Lean South ISBN 9780820329253 OCLC 71369370
Former fellows (partial list)
- Opal Palmer Adisa
- Samiya Bashir
- Reginald Dwayne Betts
- Tara Betts
- Roger Bonair-Agard
- Jericho Brown
- Gloria Burgess
- Aya de Leon
- Camille Dungy
- Ross Gay
- Yona Harvey
- Terrance Hayes
- M. Ayodele Heath
- Major Jackson
- Tyehimba Jess
- A. Van Jordan
- Bettina Judd
- Douglas Kearney
- Nate Marshall
- Adrian Matejka
- Shara McCallum
- Constance Merritt
- Lenard Moore
- Tracie Morris
- Harryette Mullen
- Angel Nafis
- Mendi Obadike
- Gregory Pardlo
- Morgan Parker
- Danez Smith
- Patricia Smith
- Frank X Walker
- Phillip B. Williams
- Yolanda Wisher
- Bianca Spriggs
- Charles, Ron (19 September 2016). "National Book Foundation honors group that supports African American poetry". The Washington Post. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- Burt, Stephen (24 March 2015). "Galaxies Inside His Head". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- White, Patricia Lomando (2008-03-27). "Pitt Supports Cave Canem's Annual Poetry Retreat". Pitt Chronicle. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- "Cave Canem: Retreat". Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- Gordinier, Jeff (27 May 2014). "The Dark Room Collective: Where Black Poetry Took Wing". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- "Poet Laureate: 'Poetry's Always A Kind Of Faith'". Fresh Air. NPR. June 8, 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- "Free Summer on Sampsonia series heats up Alphabet City Tent". NEXTpittsburgh. 13 June 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- Finney, Nikky (November 14, 2016). "A Conversation Between Nikky Finney and Donika Kelly". Los Angeles Review of Books. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- "Cave Canem Northwestern University Press Poetry Prize". Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "Cave Canem: Legacy Conversations". Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "Cave Canem: Poets on Craft". Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "Cave Canem: Workshops". Retrieved March 26, 2010.