Black ruff

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Black ruff
Centrolophus niger (Rudderfish).gif
Drawing by Dr Tony Ayling
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scombriformes
Family: Centrolophidae
Genus: Centrolophus
Lacépède, 1802
C. niger
Binomial name
Centrolophus niger
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789)
  • Acentrolophus maculosus Nardo, 1827
  • Centrolophodes irvini Gilchrist & von Bonde, 1923
  • Centrolophus liparis Risso, 1827
  • Centrolophus maoricus Ogilby, 1893
  • Centrolophus morio Cuvier, 1833
  • Centrolophus pompilus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Centrolophus valenciennesi Moreau, 1881
  • Coryphaena pompilus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Gymnocephalus messinensis Cocco, 1829
  • Mupus bifasciatus Smith, 1961
  • Perca nigra Gmelin, 1789
  • Schedophilus elongatus Johnson, 1862

The black ruff (Centrolophus niger) is a medusafish, the only member of the genus Centrolophus. It is a mesopelagic fish found in all tropical and temperate oceans at depths of 50 to 1,000 m. Its length is typically up to 60 cm, but it may reach 150 cm. Other common names include rudderfish and blackfish.


  • "Centrolophus niger". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
  • Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 978-0-00-216987-5
  1. ^ Iwamoto, T. (2015). "Centrolophus niger". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2015: e.T198571A21914161. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T198571A21914161.en.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2018). "Centrolophus niger" in FishBase. February 2018 version.