A Chalupa (in Basque: Txalupa) is a small boat that functions as a shallop, water taxi or gondola, such as those seen at the "floating gardens" of Xochimilco south of Mexico City, Mexico. Chalupa is also the name of the type of whaling boat used by the Basques in the mid-16th century in what is now Newfoundland and Labrador.
Chalupa boats are normally rowed or poled, and less commonly motorized. Common characteristics are shallow drafts and narrow benches or seats for one, two or three passengers. A chalupa is not to be confused with a trajinera, which is a boat housing long benches along the edges, and a table through the middle, and poled by a standing person.
These boats are typical of Mexico City's Xochimilco channel and are frequented by local families for weekend picnics on the water. Chalupas transit on the same channel offering food, beverages, or even live music trios to the trajineras.
The mid-16th century chalupa used by the Basque whalers was 8 meters long, and would have been manned by a steersman, five oarsmen, and a harpooner. Examples of four of these have been discovered at Red Bay NL since 1978. One such chalupa has been given extensive conservation treatment, and as of July 1998 is on display in the visitor center of Red Bay National Historic Site of Canada
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