Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
|Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach|
2 February 1783|
|Died||8 July 1853
Schloss Belvedere, Weimar
|Spouse||Maria Pavlovna of Russia|
Marie, Princess Charles of Prussia
Augusta, German Empress; Queen of Prussia
|House||House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach|
|Father||Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach|
|Mother||Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt|
Born in Weimar, he was the eldest son of Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Luise Auguste of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Charles Frederick succeeded his father as Grand Duke when the latter died in 1828. His capital, Weimar, continued to be a cultural center of Central Europe, even after the death of Goethe, in 1832. Johann Nepomuk Hummel made his career in Weimar as Kapellmeister until his death in 1837. Franz Liszt settled in Weimar in 1848 as Kapellmeister and gathered about him a circle that kept the Weimar court a major musical centre. Due to the intervention of Liszt, the composer Richard Wagner found refuge in Weimar after he was forced to flee Saxony for his role in the revolutionary disturbances there in 1848-49. Wagner's opera Lohengrin was first performed in Weimar in August 1850.
Family and children
- Paul Alexander Karl Constantin Frederick August (b. Weimar, 25 September 1805 – d. Weimar, 10 April 1806).
- Marie Luise Alexandrine (b. Weimar, 3 February 1808 – d. Berlin, 18 January 1877), married on 26 May 1827 to Karl of Prussia.
- Marie Luise Augusta Katharine (b. Weimar, 30 September 1811 – d. Berlin, 7 January 1890), married on 11 June 1829 to Wilhelm of Prussia, who became Wilhelm I, German Emperor.
- Karl Alexander August Johann, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (b. Weimar, 24 June 1818 – d. Weimar, 5 January 1901), married on 8 October 1842 to Sophie of the Netherlands.
- The Edinburgh almanack, or Universal Scots and imperial register. Printed by Oliver & Boyd. 1833.
- A hand-book for travellers on the continent. J. Murray. 1838.
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|Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach