Charles Philippe Aubry

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Charles-Philippe Aubry
13th French Governor of Louisiana
In office
1765–1768
MonarchLouis XV
Preceded byJean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie
Succeeded byAntonio de Ulloa
As Governor of Spanish Louisiana
2nd Spanish Governor of Louisiana
In office
1768–1769
MonarchCharles III
Preceded byAntonio de Ulloa
Succeeded byAlejandro O'Reilly
Personal details
Borncirca 1720
France
Died(1770-02-17)February 17, 1770
at sea near La Garonne, France
Military service
AllegianceKingdom of France Kingdom of France
Years of service1742–1770
RankCaptain
Battles/warsWar of the Austrian Succession
French and Indian War
Louisiana Rebellion
AwardsOrder of Saint Louis Chevalier

Charles-Philippe Aubry or Aubri[1] (died February 17, 1770) was a French soldier and colonial administrator, who served as governor of Louisiana twice in the 18th century.

Career[edit]

Aubry began his military career in 1742, when he was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the Lyonnais Infantry Regiment. After serving in the War of the Austrian Succession as an officer of grenadiers, Aubry left France to take a commission as a captain of colonial troops in Louisiana.[2] During the French and Indian War, he was the commander of the French forces at the Battle of Fort Ligonier.[3] He was later captured and imprisoned by the British after the French defeat at the Battle of La Belle-Famille.[4] After his release, he was made a Chevalier de St. Louis and military commander of Louisiana.

Aubry succeeded Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie as colonial governor of Louisiana in 1765 after d'Abbadie died in office. During his term, he met with members of the exiled Acadian community under Beausoleil and encouraged them to settle in the Attakapas Territory, where there were abundant grasslands available for development of a local cattle industry.[5][6] Aubry was followed as governor by the Spaniard Antonio de Ulloa, and served as acting governor again after the latter's expulsion in the Louisiana Rebellion of 1768. After the arrival of a replacement Spanish governor Alejandro O'Reilly, Aubry reportedly provided him with the names of some of the conspirators in the rebellion.[7] Soon afterwards, Aubry left for France on the Père de Famille, but died in a shipwreck within sight of the French coast.[8]

In 1920, the city of New Orleans named a street after him (Aubry Street), one block from D'Abadie Street.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lacoste, Elaine. Street Names and Picayune Histories of New Orleans (1997), p.6
  2. ^ Dawson, Joseph G. "The Louisiana Governors: From Iberville to Edwards" pp. 41 - 43
  3. ^ Harpster, John W. "Crossroads: Descriptions of Western Pennsylvania, 1720 - 1829" pg. 42
  4. ^ Peckham, Howard H. "The Colonial Wars" pg. 183
  5. ^ Brasseaux, Carl A. "The Founding of New Acadia" pg. 74
  6. ^ Brasseaux, Carl A. "Acadiana: Louisiana's Cajun Country"
  7. ^ Cowan, Walter Greaves, and McGuire, Jack B. "Louisiana Governors: Rulers, Rascals, and Reformers" pg. 35
  8. ^ Beers, Henry Putney "French and Spanish Records of Louisiana" pg. 16
  9. ^ Asher, Sally "Hope and New Orleans: A History of Crescent City Street Names" pg. 36
Preceded by
Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie
Colonial Governor of Louisiana
1765–1766 (acting)
Succeeded by
Antonio de Ulloa
Preceded by
Antonio de Ulloa
Colonial Governor of Louisiana
1768–1769 (acting)
Succeeded by
Alejandro O'Reilly