Charles Tyler (musician)
|Birth name||Charles Lacy Tyler|
July 20, 1941|
Cadiz, Kentucky, U.S.
|Died||June 27, 1992
|Genres||Jazz, free jazz|
|Instruments||Baritone sax, alto sax|
|Labels||ESP-Disk, Nessa, Adelphi, Sonet, Storyville, Bleu Regard, Silkheart|
|Associated acts||Albert Ayler, Sun Ra|
Charles Lacy Tyler (July 20, 1941 – June 27, 1992) was an American jazz baritone saxophonist. He also played alto saxophone and clarinet.
Tyler was born in Cadiz, Kentucky, and spent his childhood years in Indianapolis. He played piano as a child and clarinet at 7, before switching to alto in his early teens, and finally baritone saxophone. During the summers, he visited Chicago, New York City and Cleveland, Ohio, where he met the young tenor saxophonist Albert Ayler at age 14. After serving in the army from 1957–1959, Tyler relocated to Cleveland in 1960 and began playing with Ayler, commuting between New York and Cleveland. During that period played with Ornette Coleman and Sunny Murray.
In 1965 Tyler recorded Bells and Spirits Rejoice with Alyer's group. He recorded his first album as leader the following year for ESP-Disk. He returned to Indianapolis to study with David Baker at Indiana University between 1967 and 1968, recording a second album for ESP, Eastern Man Alone. In 1968, he transferred to the University of California, Berkeley to study and teach. In Los Angeles, he worked with Arthur Blythe, Bobby Bradford, and David Murray.
He moved back to New York in 1974, leading his own groups with Blythe, trumpeter Earl Cross, drummer Steve Reid and others, recording the album Voyage from Jericho on Tyler's own Akba label. In 1975, Tyler enrolled at Columbia University and made an extensive tour of Scandinavia, releasing his second Akba album Live in Europe. In 1976, he performed the piece "Saga of the Outlaws" at Sam Rivers's Studio Rivbea, released two years later on Nessa Records. During that period he played as a sideman or co-leader with Steve Reid, Cecil Taylor and Billy Bang.
In 1982, during a European tour with Sun Ra's Orchestra, he relocated to Denmark, and in 1985 he moved to France, recording with other expatriates like Khan Jamal in Copenhagen and Steve Lacy in Paris.
Tyler died in Toulon, France of heart failure in June 1992.
- 1966: Charles Tyler Ensemble (ESP-Disk) with Charles Moffett, Joel Freedman, Henry Grimes, Ronald Shannon Jackson
- 1967: Eastern Man Alone (ESP-Disk) with David Baker (Cello), Brent McKesson, Kent Brinkley (b)
- 1974: Voyage from Jericho (Akba) with Ronnie Boykins, Earl Cross, Steve Reid, Arthur Blythe
- 1975: Live in Europe (Akba) with Ronnie Boykins (bass); Steve Reid (drums, percussion); Melvin Smith (guitar)
- 1976: Saga of the Outlaws (Nessa) with Earl Cross, Steve Reid, Ronnie Boykins, John Ore
- 1979: Sixty Minute Man (Adelphi)
- 1980: Folk and Mystery Stories (Sonet) with Wilber Morris, Steve Reid, Richard Dunbar, David Baker, John Ore
- 1981: Definite, Vol. 1 & 2 (Storyville) with Earl Cross, Kevin Ross, Steve Reid
- 1984: Live at Sweet Basil vol. 1 & 2 (Bleu Regard, issued 2006)
- 1988: Autumn in Paris (Silkheart) with Arne Forsén
- 1992: Mid Western Drifter (Bleu Regard) with Didier Levallet, Curtis Clark
- 1992: Folly Fun Magic Music (Bleu Regard) with Bernard Santacruz (contrabass); Remi Charmasson (guitar); Christian Zagaria (violin); Jean-Pierre Jullian (drums)
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With Albert Ayler
With Billy Bang
- Rainbow Gladiator (Soul Note, 1981)
- Invitation (Soul Note, 1982)
- Live at Green Space (Anima, 1982)
- Outline No. 12 (Celluloid, 1982)
With Wilber Morris
- Collective Improvisations (Bleu Regard, 1981)
With Hal Russell
- Generation (Nessa, 1982)
With Khan Jamal
- Dark Warrior (SteepleChase, 1984)
With Steve Lacy
- One Fell Swoop (Silkheart, 1986)
- Lest We Forget: Charles Tyler (1941–1992) by Clifford Allen
- Saga of the Outlaws Original Liner Notes by Michael Cuscuna
- Allmusic Biography
- Wilmer, Val (1977). As Serious As Your Life. Quartet. p. 282. ISBN 0-7043-3164-0.
- Live at Sweet Basil Original Liner Notes