Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport
|Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport|
|Part of Fourteenth Air Force|
|Sichuan Province, China|
|Battles/wars||China Defensive Campaign 1942-1945|
Chengdu Fenghuangshan Airport (Chinese: 成都凤凰山机场) is military air base in Chengdu, Sichuan province, China. During World War II it was a United States Army Air Forces airfield. It is located approximately 10 miles south of Chengdu.
Fenghuangshan Airport was built in 1931, also known as Chungsing Chang, Fenghwangshan and Makiashipen. It was a major command and control base for Tenth Air Force, being the home of the 312th Fighter Wing from July 1944 until August 1945. The wing commanded three fighter groups (33d, 81st and 311th) in central China as well as provided support to Twentieth Air Force B-29 Superfortress groups which staged strategic bombardment missions over Japan though bases in the Chengdu area from their home bases in India (see: Operation Matterhorn).
Also, the 426th Night Fighter Squadron operated P-61 Black Widow night interceptor aircraft from the airfield, providing a night defense against Japanese fighter and bomber raids at night in the area, along with the B-29 bases before their move to the Marianas.
- "记者直击成都凤凰山机场首批转运芦山地震震中伤员". People's Daily. 2013-04-21. Retrieved 2014-02-12.
- Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4
- Airfields & Seaplane Anchorages China
- USAFHRA search Chengtu
- pacific wrecks.com