Chertanovo

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Chertanovo
Чертаново (Russian)
Chertanovo on Moscow map.PNG
Chertanovo on Moscow map
Distract Chertanovo.jpg
View from the plane
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow
City Moscow
Statistics
Area 212,975 km2 (82,230 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 364,693 inhabitants[1]
Density 1.71/km2 (4.4/sq mi)[2]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[3]
Established before 1665[citation needed]
[www.chertanovo.info Official website]
Chertanovo on WikiCommons
Modern view of Chertanovo: Moscow Ring Road interchange with M2 highway

Chertanovo (Russian: Чертаново) is a historical region and housing area in the Southern Administrative Okrug of Moscow, Russia. The name derives from Chertanovo village first mentioned in 1665.[4] The territory became part of Moscow in 1960. The area is 21,3 km2, the population is 364 693 (census of 2010). There are three administrative districts of Moscow (raions), five metro stations, three railway stations, 25 streets and five parks.[5]

History[6][edit]

There are 10 groups of burial mounds of Vyatichi, one of the medieval Slavic tribes, dated 12 - 13th century.[7]

There are many version of origin of the name Chertanovo. According to Vladimir Toporov the name of Chertanovo village derives from name Chertanovka river and its name derives from medieval Finno-Ugric languages.

Chertanovo village was located on the territory of modern Northern Chertanovo district near Chertanovo railway platform.

Chertanovo village was mentioned for the first time in 1665 in the book by S.A. Belokurov "Daily notes of Prikaz of Secret Affairs" (Moscow, 1908): "On December 28, on Saturday, the great sovereign desired to go to Cheratnovo in an hour before dawn" (Russian: "декабря в 28 день в субботу великий государь изволил итить в Чертаново за час до света"). But it was not mentioned in census books in 1646. Therefore, Chertanovo village might appear between 1646 and 1665.

Also 8 other villages was situated on today's Chertanovo territory:

  • Krasnoe sel`tso (сельцо Красное; Red village; sel`tso is a historical type of inhabited localities in Russia)
  • Krasny Mayak sovkhoz (совхоз Красный Маяк; Red lighthouse state farm)
  • Biryulyovo sel`tso (сельцо Бирюлёво)
  • Pokrovskoye selo or Pokrovskoye-Gorodnya selo (село Покровское or село Покровское-Городня; Intercession village; "Pokrov" means Intercession of the Theotokos i.e. Protection of the Virgin; selo meant a village with a Church)
  • Pokrovskiye Vyselki village (деревня Покровские Выселки; vyselki is a type of inhabited localities meant "village of evict people" i.e. new village found by people who resettled)
  • Krasny Stroitel` (Red Builder) workmen's settlement or Gazoprovod (Gas pipeline) workmen's settlement (рабочий посёлок Красный строитель or рабочий посёлок Газопровод)
  • Mosstroyput` settlement (посёлок Мосстройпуть; meant Moscow communications development), formerly known as settlement of Communications Department (посёлок МПС, Министерства Путей Сообщения)
  • Annino village (деревня Аннино; "Ann`s village")

In 1960, Cheratnovo and all territories right up to modern Moscow Ring Road became a part of Moscow.

Since the late 1960s intensive building of houses of mass (panel) series began. (architects: V. Voznesensky, T. Drozdova, V. Serzhantov, V. Gromoglasov, N. Suzdaleva). In the late 1970s, building of Exemplary Perspective Housing Area began in Northern Chertanovo (engineer: L. Dubek, architects M. Posokhin, A. Shapiro, L. Misozhnikov, A. Kegler, Yu. Ivanov, B. Malyarchuk, V. Loginov, V. Uborevich-Borovsky, V. Dadya etc.). In 1980, it was supposed to use as an Olympic village. Now this territory is called microrayon Chertanovo Severnoye (microdistrict Northern Chertanovo) and is part of Chertanovo Severnoye District.

Geography and transport[edit]

Chertanovo, Bitsa Park and neighbour Moscow districts

The northern border of the area is Balaklavsky (Balaklava) prospekt (avenue); the eastern border is Paveletsky and Kursk railway lines; the southern border is Moscow Ring Road; western border is a border of Bitsa Park.

The territory of Chertanovo is a plain.

Rivers[edit]

Two main rivers:

  • Chertanovka
  • Gorodnya

Other rivers:

  • Vodyanka, right tributary of Chertanovka (it may mean merely "Water river")
  • Krasny (Red) creek, right tributary of Chertanovka
  • Kotlyakovka, left tributary of Gorodnya
  • Teplyakovsky creek

Ponds[edit]

16 ponds is located in Chertanovo, most of them is formed from two main rivers:

  • Bol`shoy Chertanovsky (Big Chertanovo) pond
  • Maly Chertanovsky (Small Chertanovo) pond
  • Verkhny (Upper Chertanovo) Chertanovsky pond
  • Krasny (Red) pond
  • Kirovogradskiye (Kirovograd) ponds
  • Varshavskiye (Warsaw) ponds
  • Pokrovsky (Intercession) pond
  • Sobachy (Dog`s) pond
  • Khrulyov pond and others

Buildings[edit]

The large part of the territory is built by high-rise buildings. Number of storeys of apartment houses is from three (old houses in Annino historical region in South Chertanovo district) to 39 (modern building "Avenue 77"[8]). Most of buildings is block of flats of 9 or 17 storeys.

On the east of Chertanovo is situated industrial zone, now most of plants does not work and its buildings is used for offices of different companies.

Administrative districts of Moscow[edit]

The territory of Chertanovo divide among three Moscow administrative districts and Intra-city municipal territories:

Metro[edit]

Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line ("Grey" branch) and Butovskaya Line of Moscow Metro passes through Chertanovo.

Metro stations of Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya Line:

Metro station of Butovskaya Line:

Rail road[edit]

Paveletsky and Kursk railway lines runs along the edge of Chertanovo (Russian Railways JSC). There are three railway station:

  • Chertanovo stopping point with a platform (In contrast to the railway station stopping point have not branching of tracks) of Paveletsky line (Northern Chertanovo district), since 1936
  • Pokrovskoye (Intercession station; Pokrovskoye was a name of the village) of Kursk line (Central Chertanovo district), since 1949
  • Krasny stroitel` stopping point with a platform (Red Builder station. Red Builder was a name of the workmen's settlement) of Kursk line (South Chertanovo district), since 1929

Other public transportation[edit]

Four bus parks, one of which is located in Cheratnovo (17th bus park), service 36 bus routes. Bus numbers: 28, 37, 118, 147, 160, 163, 168, 189, 218, 222, 225, 241, 249, 296, 624, 635, 643, 668, 671, 674, 675, 680, 682, 683, 784, 786, 796, 797, 819, 828, 831 and others

Trolleybus number: 40

Along Chertanovskaya street goes fenced tram line

Tram number: 1, 3, 16

Routing taxi (commercial microbuses) number: 225М, 328М,518М.

From the metro station "Yuzhnaya" and "Annino" suburban and long-distance long-range buses goes to the southern regions of Russia.

Streets[edit]

There are 25 streets (date of official assignment name is given in parenthesis).

Main roads:

Other roads:

  • (Academician Yangel) street (27.12.1972)
  • Gazoprovod (Gas pipeline) street (affirmed on 26.08.1960)
  • Dnepropetrovskaya (Dnepropetrovsk) street (3.09.1968)
  • Dnepropetrovsky proyezd (Dnepropetrovsk driveway; proyezd means a small street) (23.12.1971)
  • Dorozhnaya (Road) street (1960) is in fact a three different streets
  • Dorozhny 1st proyezd (Road 1st driveway) (23.12.1971)
  • Dorozhny 3rd proyezd (Road 3rd driveway) (23.12.1971)
  • Kirovogradskaya (Kirovograd) street (3.09.1968)
  • Kirovogradsky bul`var (Kirovograd parkway) (2008) is well-organized pedestrian street from Chertanovskaya metro station to Kirovogradskaya street, passing over the metro line.
  • Kirovogradsky proyezd (Kirovograd driveway) (23.12.1971)
  • Kirpichniye Vyemki (Brick excavation, literally "Brick seizures") street (1960)
  • Krasnogo Mayaka (Red lighthouse) street (2.12.1969)
  • Mosstroyput` (Moscow communications development) street (1938) now exists only in the documents of the Moscow Government
  • Pokrovskaya (Intercession) 1st street goes through the yards; no home is not attributed to the street, but it is marked on many official maps.
  • Pokrovskaya 2nd street (3.09.1968)
  • Rossoshanskaya (Rossosh) street (2.12.1969)
  • Rossoshansky proyezd (Rossosh driveway) (23.12.1973)
  • Staropokrovsky proyezd (Old-Intercession driveway) (23.09.2013)
  • Sumskaya (Sumy) street (24.12.1968)
  • Sumskoy proyezd (Sumy driveway) (3.09.1968)

Parks[edit]

In Chertanovo, there are many parks, squares, green yards and streets.

  • Bitsa forest-park (edge of the park) is a second-large natural park (forest) of Moscow.
  • Park of the 30th Anniversary of the Victory, since October 29, 1974.
  • Chertanovskoye podvorye (Chertanovo farmstead)
  • Pokrovsky park (Intercession park)
  • The alley or School alley

Cemetery[edit]

  • Staropokrovskoye (Old-Intercession) cemetery, since 1858.

Economy[edit]

Culture[edit]

Theatre[edit]

  • Theatre "Small theatrical troupe", Sumskoy proyezd, 6A

Cinema[edit]

  • Cinema of cinema circuit "Cinema park" (Interros), Dnepropetrovskaya street, 2 (shopping centre "Global City"), since April 2007.
  • "Sezon Cinema" ("Season of Cinema"), Krasnogo Mayaka street, 2б (shopping centre «Prazhsky passage»).
  • Cinema of cinema circuit "Formula Kino" ("Formula of movies"), microdistrict Chertanovo Severnoye, 1А (shopping centre "Aventura").

Memorials[edit]

  • "Training airfield (fragment) in Cheratnovo": the monument to the pilots, died at the time of Second World War, Kirovogradskaya street, estate 10. In 1970 obelisk was opened. On May 9, 1995 at the initiative of front-line soldier and poet A.V. Tsvetkov and other members of district Council of Veterans - V.I. Bakhtin and L.I. Rappoport and subprefect of municipal formation "Chertanovo Severnoye" E.I. Mulenkov, was opened the monument of memory. Authors: sculptor A.M. Ryleev and architect M.I. Sudakov. The memorial is dedicated to crew of bomber warplane SB-2 of 173st air regiment who was brought down on October 1, 1941 (at the time of Second World War):

- Yury Petrovich Tikhomirov, unit commander, pilot, lieutenant (1919-1941)

- Aleksey Yakovlevich Onchurov, gunner-bombardier-air sentry, lieutenant (1918-1941)

- Pavel Aleksandrovich Vorona, gunner-radio operator, sergeant (1919-1941)

  • Memorial complex in Park of the 30th Anniversary of the Victory:

Sport[edit]

The most significant sports facilities are

Notable people[edit]

Pictures[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ About history of Chertanovo village Retrieved on September 11, 2014 (in Russian)
  5. ^ About Chertanovo parks Retrieved on September 11, 2014 (in Russian)
  6. ^ About Chertanovo history Retrieved on September 11, 2014 (in Russian)
  7. ^ About Vyatichi burial mounds in Chertanovo Retrieved on September 11, 2014 (in Russian)
  8. ^ About Avenue 77 Retrieved on September 11, 2014 (in Russian)
  9. ^ Website of Horse-racing complex "Bitsa"
  10. ^ Website of Moscow center of martial arts Archived February 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Website of FC Chertanovo Moscow
  12. ^ "Школы МГФСО Москомспорта". ГБУ «МГФСО» Москомспорта. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 

External links[edit]