As of 2001[update] India census, Chharchha had a population of 15,352. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Chharchha has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 77% and female literacy of 59%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Chharchha is basically a colony developed by SECL (a subsidiary of Coal India Limited). Chharchha is famous for its coal production from its two mines, Chharchha East and Chharchha West.