Chiavari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Chiavari

Ciävai  (Ligurian)
Comune di Chiavari
View of Chiavari
View of Chiavari
Coat of arms of Chiavari
Coat of arms
Location of Chiavari
Chiavari is located in Italy
Chiavari
Chiavari
Location of Chiavari in Italy
Chiavari is located in Liguria
Chiavari
Chiavari
Chiavari (Liguria)
Coordinates: 44°19′N 9°20′E / 44.317°N 9.333°E / 44.317; 9.333Coordinates: 44°19′N 9°20′E / 44.317°N 9.333°E / 44.317; 9.333
CountryItaly
RegionLiguria
Metropolitan cityGenoa (GE)
FrazioniCampodonico, Sanguineto, Sant'Andrea di Rovereto, Caperana, Maxena, Ri, San Pier di Canne
Government
 • MayorMarco di Capua
Area
 • Total12.23 km2 (4.72 sq mi)
Elevation
5 m (16 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total27,410
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Chiavaresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
16043
Dialing code0185
WebsiteOfficial website

Chiavari (Italian pronunciation: [ˈkjaːvari]; Ligurian: Ciävai [ˈtʃaːvaj]) is an Italian town near Genoa, in Italy.[4] It has about 28,000 inhabitants. It is situated near the river Entella.[4]

History[edit]

Chiavari Castle

Pre-Roman and Roman Era[edit]

A pre-Roman necropolis, which dates from the 8th to 7th century BC, has been uncovered in the area where Chiavari is located now.[5] Chiavari grew up on the traces of a Roman camp on the Via Aurelia.

Medieval Era[edit]

A castle was constructed in 1147.[4] The old town contains numerous arcades and buildings from the 13th century, including a castle, several mansions, and the nearby Church of San Salvatore di Lavagna, which was founded in 1224 by Innocent IV.

The cathedral was rebuilt in 1613. Known famously as a center of ancient humanistic tradition, Chiavari has a public library with a collection of manuscripts and incunabula. After the discovery of the conspiracy of the Fieschi, in 1542, and the capture of Chiavari by the Counts of Lavagna, the town suffered much, being associated with the conspirators. Among its illustrious citizens were: Luca Cantiano di Moneglia, founder of an Art Academy, and Giuseppe Gregorio Solari, translator of many Latin poets.

19th century[edit]

From 1805 to 1814, Chiavari served as the capital of the short-lived Apennins Departments of France of the First French Empire. Chiavari is the home of the Chiavari chair designed in 1807 by a local, Giuseppe Gaetano Descalzi. The chair was a success and led to the opening of many factories in Chiavari and surrounding towns. Chiavari railway station was opened in 1868; it is located in a passageway between the town centre and the beach-side.

20th century[edit]

Colonia Fara building was built in 1935 during the Fascist regime.

Sports[edit]

In 2014 the team football team Virtus Entella was promoted in the Italian Serie B for the first time in history and was relegated back to the third division after 4 years in 2018.

Notable People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chiavari" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 118.
  5. ^ An advanced civilization and a cosmological city could be present at the time of the necropolis.

External links[edit]

Media related to Chiavari at Wikimedia Commons