Serie B

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Serie B
Serie BKT logo.svg
Organising bodyLega B
Founded1929
(pilot in 1926)
CountryItaly
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toSerie A
Relegation toSerie C
Domestic cup(s)Coppa Italia
International cup(s)UEFA Europa League
(via winning Coppa Italia)
Current championsEmpoli (3rd title)
(2020–21)
Most championshipsAtalanta
Genoa
(6 titles each)
Most appearancesLuigi Cagni (483)
Top goalscorerStefan Schwoch (135)
TV partnersSky Sport
DAZN
Helbiz
Websitelegab.it
Current: 2021–22 Serie B

Serie B (Italian pronunciation: [ˈsɛːrje ˈbi][1]), currently named Serie BKT for sponsorship reasons,[2] is the second-highest division in the Italian football league system after the Serie A. It has been operating for over ninety years since the 1929–30 season. It had been organized by Lega Calcio until 2010, when the Lega Serie B was created for the 2010–11 season. Common nicknames for the league are campionato cadetto and cadetteria, since cadetto is the Italian name for junior or cadet.

History[edit]

A junior football championship was created at first in Italy in 1904, after seven editions of the major tournament of FIGC: it was called Second Category, and was composed both by senior squads of town clubs and by youth teams of city clubs. If the first ones won the championship, they would be promoted to First Category, which consequently improved in size: the first team to reach the honour, was Pro Vercelli in 1907, which even won the scudetto in 1908. FIGC attempted many times to introduce relegations on the contrary, but the reform was really adopted only in 1921 by the secessionist CCI in its Northern League, which consisted of a First Division and a Second Division: the first teams to be relegated were AC Vicenza and FC Inter even if, after the reunion with FIGC, the regulations were changed, and Venezia was demoted instead of the Milanese club. Even if part of the same league, differently from First Division, Second Division was based on local group with proximity criteria. Only in 1928 was the big reform conceived by FIGC president Leandro Arpinati: after a year, a new second division based on the same national format of the major tournament would be born. Serie B began in 1929 with 18 clubs and continued until World War II, after which it was divided again between the northern and the southern part of the country in the aftermath of the war. The championship became national again in 1948, and for many years in the second half of the 20th century, it was played by 20 clubs. In 2003–04, a single group of 24 teams was formed, the largest in the history of all levels of the Italian championship. After 2004, a 22-team format was introduced together with playoffs.

After Serie A split with Serie B to form Lega Serie A, Lega Serie B was formed on 7 July 2010. The league signed a new sponsor bwin for 2010–11 and 2011–12 seasons; changed the league name from Serie B TIM to Serie Bwin.[3] The League changed again its name in Serie B ConTe.it due to sponsorship reasons.[4]

Serie B is the lowest division in which five clubs have ever played: Torino, Juventus, Milan, Roma and Lazio.

Serie B introduced the "green card" at the beginning of the 2015–16 season. The green card is given to promote fair play and good acts. The green card will not be given during the game, as it would alter sport rules, but awarded after the match to a player or coach who exhibited fair play by the referee. The player or coach with the highest number of green cards at the end of the season will be rewarded.[5]

Format, promotion and relegation[edit]

At the end of the season, three teams are promoted to Serie A and four teams are relegated to Serie C. The top two teams are automatically promoted. If the 3rd-placed team is 10 or more points ahead of the 4th-placed team, it is automatically promoted too, otherwise, a playoff tournament determines the third team that will be ascending. In the 2013–14 season, anywhere between two and six teams within a "playoff margin" of 14 points from the 3rd-placed team will enter the playoff tournament. Under the new playoff format, up to three rounds may be required. The final two rounds are two-legged ties while opening round matches (if required) are single legs hosted by the higher-ranked team. If a tie is drawn at the end of regular play (one or two matches, depending on the round), extra time is played. If the two teams are still tied after thirty minutes, the higher classified team advances.

In the relegation zone, the three last-placed teams (18th, 19th and 20th) are automatically demoted to Serie C. If the 16th-placed team is 5 or more points ahead of the 17th-placed team, then the 17th-placed team becomes the 4th and final team to be demoted, otherwise, the conditions for a playoff more commonly called playout exist.

If the playout is necessary, the 16th and 17th-placed teams are paired in a two-legged series with home-field advantage in the 2nd leg going to the 16th-placed team. The team with the higher aggregate score remains in Serie B while the loser becomes the fourth team relegated to Serie C. If an aggregate tie exists at the end of regulation play of the 2nd leg, the 16th-placed team is saved, and the 17th-placed team is demoted, unless the two teams ended the season with equal points, in which case there will be extra-time and a penalty shoot-out if still tied.

Below is a complete record of how many teams played in each season throughout the league's history;

  • 18 clubs: 1929–1933
  • 26 clubs (in two groups): 1933–1934
  • 32 clubs (in two groups): 1934–1935
  • 18 clubs: 1935–1936
  • 16 clubs: 1936–1937
  • 17 clubs: 1937–1938
  • 18 clubs: 1938–1943
  • 60 clubs (in three groups): 1946–1947
  • 54 clubs (in three groups): 1947–1948
  • 22 clubs: 1948–1950
  • 21 clubs: 1950–1951
  • 22 clubs: 1951–1952
  • 18 clubs: 1952–1958
  • 20 clubs: 1958–1967
  • 21 clubs: 1967–1968
  • 20 clubs: 1968–2003
  • 24 clubs: 2003–2004
  • 22 clubs: 2004–2018
  • 19 clubs: 2018–2019
  • 20 clubs: 2019–

Serie B was composed of 20 teams until the 2002–03 season. It was enlarged to 24 teams for the 2003–04 season due to legal problems relating to Calcio Catania relegation. The league reverted to 22 teams for the 2004–05 season, while Serie A expanded from 18 to 20 teams.

During the regular season, each team plays 38 games – two games against every opponent. In Italian football, a true round-robin format is used. In the first half of the season, called andata, each team plays once against all its opponents, a total of 19 games. In the second half of the season, called ritorno, each team will play the same teams in exactly the same order, the only difference being that a home game played in the first half will be an away game with that same team in the second half, and vice versa.

Since the 2006–07 season, the Serie B champion is awarded the cup Ali della Vittoria (Wings of Victory). The trophy is 63 cm high and weighs 5 kg. Its structure represents the wings of the goddess Nike, the goddess of victory, holding a cup similar to an Olympic flame.

Clubs[edit]

2021–22 members[edit]

Team Home city Stadium Capacity 2020–21 season
Alessandria Alessandria Giuseppe Moccagatta 5,936 Serie C play-off winners
Ascoli Ascoli Piceno Cino e Lillo Del Duca 12,461 16th in Serie B
Benevento Benevento Ciro Vigorito 16,867 18th in Serie A
Brescia Brescia Mario Rigamonti 19,500 7th in Serie B
Cittadella Cittadella (Padua) Pier Cesare Tombolato 7,623 6th in Serie B
Como Como Giuseppe Sinigaglia 13,602 Serie C Group A champions
Cosenza Cosenza San Vito-Gigi Marulla 20,987 17th in Serie B
Cremonese Cremona Giovanni Zini 20,641 13th in Serie B
Crotone Crotone Ezio Scida 16,640 19th in Serie A
Frosinone Frosinone Benito Stirpe 16,227 10th in Serie B
L.R. Vicenza Vicenza Romeo Menti 12,000 12th in Serie B
Lecce Lecce Via del Mare 31,533 4th in Serie B
Monza Monza Brianteo 10,000 3rd in Serie B
Parma Parma Ennio Tardini 27,906 20th in Serie A
Perugia Perugia Renato Curi 23,625 Serie C Group B champions
Pisa Pisa Arena Garibaldi 25,000 14th in Serie B
Pordenone Pordenone Guido Teghil (Lignano Sabbiadoro) 5,000 15th in Serie B
Reggina Reggio Calabria Oreste Granillo 27,543 11th in Serie B
SPAL Ferrara Paolo Mazza 16,134 9th in Serie B
Ternana Terni Libero Liberati 22,000 Serie C Group C champions

Seasons in Serie B[edit]

This is the complete list of the 140 clubs that have taken part in the 89 Serie B seasons played from the 1929–30 season until the 2021–22 season.[6][a] The teams in bold compete in Serie B in the 2021–22 season.

The Serie B-C Alta Italia post-war championship[edit]

This championship was organized by geographical criteria with only Northern Italy Serie B and the best Northern Italy Serie C teams taking part. Southern Italy Serie B teams took part to 1945–46 Serie A. For this reason, this championship is not included in the statistics.

Champions and promotions[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up Other promoted
1929–30 Casale Legnano
1930–31 Fiorentina Bari
1931–32 Palermo Padova
1932–33 Livorno Brescia
1933–34 Sampierdarense Baria
1934–35 Genoa Bari
1935–36 Lucchese Novara
1936–37 Livorno Atalanta
1937–38 Modenab Novarab
1938–39 Fiorentina Venezia
1939–40 Atalanta Livorno
1940–41 Liguria Modena
1941–42 Bari Vicenza
1942–43 Modena Brescia
1945–46 Alessandria Pro Patriaa Napoli

1946–47
Northern champions Central champions Southern champions
Pro Patria Lucchese Salernitana
1947–48

Novara Padova Palermo
Champions Runners-up Other promoted
1948–49 Como Venezia
1949–50 Napoli Udinese
1950–51 SPAL Legnano
1951–52 Roma Bresciaa
1952–53 Genoa Legnano
1953–54 Catania Pro Patria
1954–55 Vicenza Padova
1955–56 Udinese Palermo
1956–57 Hellas Verona Alessandria
1957–58 Triestina Bari
1958–59 Atalanta Palermo
1959–60 Torino Lecco Catania
1960–61 Venezia Mantova Palermo
1961–62 Genoa Napoli Modena
1962–63 Messina Bari Lazio
1963–64 Varese Cagliari Foggia
1964–65 Brescia Napoli SPAL
1965–66 Venezia Lecco Mantova
1966–67 Sampdoria Varese
1967–68 Palermo Hellas Verona Pisa
1968–69 Lazio Brescia Bari
1969–70 Varese Foggia Catania
1970–71 Mantova Atalanta Catanzaro
1971–72 Ternana Lazio Palermo
1972–73 Genoa Cesena Foggia
1973–74 Varese Ascoli Ternana
1974–75 Perugia Como Hellas Verona
1975–76 Genoa Catanzaro Foggia
1976–77 Vicenza Atalanta Pescara
1977–78 Ascoli Catanzaro Avellino
1978–79 Udinese Cagliari Pescara
1979–80 Como Pistoiese Brescia
1980–81 Milan Genoa Cesena
1981–82 Hellas Verona Pisa Sampdoria
1982–83 Milan Lazio Catania
1983–84 Atalanta Como Cremonese
1984–85 Pisa Lecce Bari
1985–86 Ascoli Brescia Empoli
1986–87 Pescara Pisa Cesena
1987–88 Bologna Lecce Lazio, Atalanta
1988–89 Genoa Bari Udinese, Cremonese
1989–90 Torino Pisa Cagliari, Parma
1990–91 Foggia Hellas Verona Cremonese, Ascoli
1991–92 Brescia Pescara Ancona, Udinese
1992–93 Reggiana Cremonese Piacenza, Lecce
1993–94 Fiorentina Bari Brescia, Padova
1994–95 Piacenza Udinese Vicenza, Atalanta
1995–96 Bologna Hellas Verona Perugia, Reggiana
1996–97 Brescia Empoli Lecce, Bari
1997–98 Salernitana Venezia Cagliari, Perugia
1998–99 Hellas Verona Torino Reggina, Lecce
1999–00 Vicenza Atalanta Brescia, Napoli
2000–01 Torino Piacenza Chievo, Venezia
2001–02 Como Modena Reggina, Empoli
2002–03 Siena Sampdoria Lecce, Ancona
2003–04 Palermo Cagliari Livorno, Messina, Atalanta, Fiorentinac
2004–05 Empoli Torinoa Treviso, Ascoli
2005–06 Atalanta Catania Torino
2006–07 Juventus Napoli Genoa
2007–08 Chievo Bologna Lecce
2008–09 Bari Parma Livorno
2009–10 Lecce Cesena Brescia
2010–11 Atalanta Siena Novara
2011–12 Pescara Torino Sampdoria
2012–13 Sassuolo Hellas Verona Livorno
2013–14 Palermo Empoli Cesena
2014–15 Carpi Frosinone Bologna
2015–16 Cagliari Crotone Pescara
2016–17 SPAL Hellas Verona Benevento
2017–18 Empoli Parma Frosinone
2018–19 Brescia Lecce Hellas Verona
2019–20 Benevento Crotone Spezia
2020–21 Empoli Salernitana Venezia

a Not promoted for Serie A reduction.

b Modena and Novara were both awarded champions in 1937-38.

c Six teams were promoted in 2003–04 due to the expansion of Serie A from 18 to 20 teams.

Club performances[edit]

Performance by club[edit]

Updated as of 2020–21 season

Club Winners Runners-up Winning years
Atalanta 6 3 1928, 1940, 1959, 1984, 2006, 2011
Genoa 6 1 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1976, 1989
Palermo 5 2 1932, 1948, 1968, 2004, 2014
Bari 4 6 1935, 1942, 1946, 2009
Brescia 4 6 1965, 1992, 1997, 2019
Hellas Verona 3 5 1957, 1982, 1999
Como 3 2 1949, 1980, 2002
Torino 3 2 1960, 1990, 2001
Varese 3 1 1964, 1970, 1974
Vicenza 3 1 1955, 1977, 2000
Fiorentina 3 1931, 1939, 1994
Novara 3 3 1927, 1938, 1948
Empoli 3 1 2005, 2018, 2021
Venezia 2 3 1961, 1966
Napoli 2 3 1946, 1950
Pescara 2 2 1987, 2012
Udinese 2 2 1956, 1979
Ascoli 2 1 1978, 1986
Livorno 2 1 1933, 1937
Bologna 2 1 1988, 1996
Salernitana 2 1 1947, 1998
Lucchese 2 1936, 1947
Milan 2 1981, 1983
SPAL 2 1951, 2017
Modena 1 4 1943
Pisa 1 4 1985
Cagliari 1 3 2016
Padova 1 3 1948
Lazio 1 2 1969
Lecce 1 2 2010
Perugia 1 2 1975
Pro Patria 1 2 1947
Alessandria 1 1 1946
Catania 1 1 1954
Foggia 1 1 1991
Mantova 1 1 1971
Piacenza 1 1 1995
Reggiana 1 1 1993
Sampdoria 1 1 1967
Siena 1 1 2003
Ternana 1 1 1972
Benevento 1 2020
Carpi 1 2015
Casale 1 1930
Chievo 1 2008
Juventus 1 2007
Liguria 1 1941
Messina 1 1963
Roma 1 1952
Sampierdarenese 1 1934
Sassuolo 1 2013
Triestina 1 1958
Spezia 1 1929
Legnano 4
Catanzaro 2
Cesena 2
Crotone 2
Lecco 2
Parma 2
Cremonese 1
Frosinone 1
Pistoiese 1
Treviso 1

Titles by region[edit]

Updated as of 2020–21 season

Region Titles Winning club(s) (titles)
 Lombardia 20 Atalanta (6), Brescia (4), Como (3), Varese (3), Milan (2), Mantova (1), Pro Patria (1)
 Toscana 12 Empoli (3), Fiorentina (3), Livorno (2), Lucchese (2), Pisa (1), Siena (1)
 Veneto 10 Verona (3), Vicenza (3), Venezia (2), Chievo (1), Padova (1)
 Liguria 9 Genoa (6), Liguria (1), Sampdoria (1), Sampierdarenese (1), Spezia (1)
 Emilia-Romagna 9 Bologna (2), SPAL (2), Carpi (1), Modena (1), Piacenza (1), Reggiana (1), Sassuolo (1)
 Piemonte 8 Torino (3), Novara (3), Alessandria (1), Casale (1), Juventus (1)
 Sicilia 7 Palermo (5), Catania (1), Messina (1)
 Puglia 6 Bari (4), Foggia (1), Lecce (1)
 Campania 5 Salernitana (2), Napoli (2), Benevento (1)
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia 3 Udinese (2), Triestina (1)
 Abruzzo 2 Pescara (2)
 Lazio 2 Lazio (1), Roma (1)
 Marche 2 Ascoli (2)
 Umbria 2 Perugia (1), Ternana (1)
 Sardinia 1 Cagliari (1)

Titles by city[edit]

Updated as of 2020–21 season

City Titles Winning club(s) (titles)
Genoa 9 Genoa (6), Liguria (1), Sampdoria (1), Sampierdarenese (1)
Bergamo 6 Atalanta (6)
Palermo 5 Palermo (5)
Turin 4 Torino (3), Juventus (1)
Verona 4 Verona (3), Chievo (1)
Bari 4 Bari (4)
Brescia 4 Brescia (4)
Como 3 Como (3)
Florence 3 Fiorentina (3)
Varese 3 Varese (3)
Vicenza 3 Vicenza (3)
Novara 3 Novara (3)
Empoli 3 Empoli (3)
Ascoli Piceno 2 Ascoli (2)
Bologna 2 Bologna (2)
Ferrara 2 SPAL (2)
Livorno 2 Livorno (2)
Lucca 2 Lucchese (2)
Milan 2 Milan (2)
Naples 2 Napoli (2)
Pescara 2 Pescara (2)
Rome 2 Lazio (1), Roma (1)
Salerno 2 Salernitana (2)
Udine 2 Udinese (2)
Venice 2 Venezia (2)
Alessandria 1 Alessandria (1)
Benevento 1 Benevento (1)
Busto Arsizio 1 Pro Patria (1)
Cagliari 1 Cagliari (1)
Carpi 1 Carpi (1)
Casale Monferrato 1 Casale (1)
Catania 1 Catania (1)
Foggia 1 Foggia (1)
La Spezia 1 Spezia (1)
Lecce 1 Lecce (1)
Mantua 1 Mantova (1)
Messina 1 Messina (1)
Modena 1 Modena (1)
Padua 1 Padova (1)
Perugia 1 Perugia (1)
Piacenza 1 Piacenza (1)
Pisa 1 Pisa (1)
Reggio Emilia 1 Reggiana (1)
Sassuolo 1 Sassuolo (1)
Siena 1 Siena (1)
Terni 1 Ternana (1)
Trieste 1 Triestina (1)

Promotions by region[edit]

Updated as of 2020–21 season

Region Promotions Promoted clubs (256)
 Lombardia 49 Atalanta (12), Brescia (12), Como (5), Cremonese (4), Varese (4), Legnano (3), Mantova (3), Lecco (2), Milan (2), Pro Patria (2)
 Veneto 28 Verona (10), Venezia (6), Vicenza (5), Padova (4), Chievo (2), Treviso (1)
 Emilia-Romagna 27 Modena (5), Cesena (5), Bologna (4), Parma (3), Piacenza (3), SPAL (3), Reggiana (2), Carpi (1), Sassuolo (1)
 Toscana 27 Empoli (7), Livorno (6), Pisa (5), Fiorentina (4), Lucchese (2), Siena (2), Pistoiese (1)
 Puglia 25 Bari (11), Lecce (9), Foggia (5)
 Sicilia 16 Palermo (9), Catania (5), Messina (2)
 Liguria 15 Genoa (8), Sampdoria/Liguria/Sampierdarenese (6), Spezia (1)
 Piemonte 14 Torino (6), Novara (4), Alessandria (2), Casale (1), Juventus (1)
 Campania 11 Napoli (5), Salernitana (3), Benevento (2), Avellino (1)
 Lazio 8 Lazio (5), Frosinone (2), Roma (1)
 Calabria 7 Catanzaro (3), Reggina (2), Crotone (2)
 Friuli-Venezia Giulia 7 Udinese (6), Triestina (1)
 Marche 7 Ascoli (5), Ancona (2)
 Abruzzo 6 Pescara (6)
 Sardinia 6 Cagliari (6)
 Umbria 5 Perugia (3), Ternana (2)

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The championship was suspended from 1943 to 1945 due to WWII, and the 1945–46 northern edition is not statistically considered by FIGC, even if its promotion result was official.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Luciano Canepari. "serie". DiPI Online (in Italian). Retrieved 26 March 2021.
  2. ^ Redazione (22 June 2018). "La B cambia nome: si chiamerà Serie BKT fino al 2021".
  3. ^ "Dalla nuova Lega Serie B, nasce il campionato Serie bwin". Lega Serie B (in Italian). 7 July 2010. Archived from the original on 12 July 2010. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
  4. ^ "Ecco il calendario ufficiale della Serie B ConTe.it". legab.it (in Italian). Lega Nazionale Professionisti Serie B. 27 August 2015. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Italy's Serie B to introduce green cards; rewards given after season". Foxsports.com. 4 September 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  6. ^ Mariani, Maurizio; Di Maggio, Roberto. "Italy – Serie B All-Time Table since 1929". RSSSF. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  7. ^ Sampdoria played 11 Serie B championships since 1946. However, according to FIGC rules, they inherited the honours and the records of their ancestors Sampierdarenese and Liguria and La Dominante, which played respectively 2 and 2 and 1 Serie B championships before WW2, for a total amount of 16 seasons.

External links[edit]