|Location||1 Cavalry Row, Marfa, Texas, United States|
The specific intention of Chinati is to preserve and present to the public permanent large-scale installations by a limited number of artists. The emphasis is on works in which art and the surrounding landscape are inextricably linked. As Judd wrote in the foundation's first catalogue in 1987:
It takes a great deal of time and thought to install work carefully. This should not always be thrown away. Most art is fragile and some should be placed and never moved again. Somewhere a portion of contemporary art has to exist as an example of what the art and its context were meant to be. Somewhere, just as the platinum iridium meter guarantees the tape measure, a strict measure must exist for the art of this time and place.
The Chinati Foundation is located on 340 acres (1.4 km2) of land on the site of former Fort D. A. Russell in Marfa, Texas, and in some buildings in the town's center.
Donald Judd first visited Marfa, Texas, in 1971, and moved himself from New York to Marfa as a full-time resident in 1977. Construction and installation at the site began in 1979 with initial assistance from the Dia Art Foundation in New York. The Chinati Foundation opened to the public in 1986 as an independent, non-profit, publicly funded institution.
Chinati was originally conceived to exhibit the work of Donald Judd, John Chamberlain and Dan Flavin. However, the idea of the foundation developed further and its collection was enriched over years, and now the permanent collection has expanded to include Carl Andre, Ingólfur Arnarsson, Roni Horn, Ilya Kabakov, Richard Long, Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen, David Rabinowitch, and John Wesley. Each artist's work is installed in a separate building or outdoor area on the museum's grounds. In addition to the permanent collection, regular temporary exhibitions feature modern and contemporary art of diverse media.
It was Judd's goal at Chinati to bring art, architecture, and nature together in order to form a coherent whole.
Marianne Stockebrand served as the foundation's director from 1994 until 2010. Thomas Kellein assumed the role of director in 2011; he announced his resignation in 2012. Jenny Moore became the new executive director in August 2013.
In October 2013 the foundation finalized plans for a new installation by Robert Irwin to join Chinati's permanent collection. Opened in July 2016, this installation utilizes Fort D. A. Russell's ruined former hospital, rebuilding the structure within its original footprint while incorporating several architectural interventions to modify the building's dynamics of light and space.
|Carl Andre||Words, 1958 - 1972
Chinati Thirteener, 2010
|Donald Judd||100 untitled works in mill aluminum, 1982–1986
15 untitled works in concrete, 1980–1984
The Arena, 1980–1987
|Ingolfur Arnarsson||untitled works, 1991–1992|
|Ilya Kabakov||School No. 6, 1993|
|John Chamberlain||Various works, 1972–1983|
|Richard Long||Sea Lava Circles, 1988|
|Dan Flavin||untitled (Marfa project), 1996|
|Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen||Monument to the Last Horse, 1991|
|Roni Horn||Things That Happen Again, Pair Object VII (For a Here and a There), 1986–1988|
|David Rabinowitch||Elliptical Plane in 3 Masses and 4 Scales III, 1971–72
6-Sided Bar III, 1969
|Robert Irwin||untitled (dawn to dusk), 2016|
|John Wesley||Al Capone Flouting the Law, 1970
Day Titanic, 1984
Hannah in Shades, 1989
Hunting Dogs, 1985
Jack Frost, 1971
Mattress Cloud, 1981
Panoply: Eight Silkscreens Inspired by the Splendours of the Great War, 1971
Six-Legged Sheep, 1993
Tour de France, 1982
The Chinati Foundation sponsors art and education programs, establishing close links to the local community and other cultural institutions and universities in the United States and abroad. Started by Judd, Chinati's Artist in Residence Program provides artists from around the world an opportunity to develop and exhibit their work in a stimulating environment. Its Internship Program offers students from a variety of disciplines hands-on museum experience. Each summer the museum hosts art classes for local students. Chinati has been producing an annual newsletter in English and Spanish since 1995 (some of the back issues are available at the Chinati bookstore and all can be downloaded at foundation's website.
Full collection and Selections tours are available Wednesday through Sunday. Because of the amount of time necessary to view the entire collection, the Full collection tour is split into two parts, with a break for lunch between the two sections. Tours begin promptly at 10:00 am, break for lunch around noon, and resume at 2:00 pm for the second half of the tour. The museum's Selections tour covers work by Donald Judd, Dan Flavin and John Chamberlain (11:00 am – 1:00 pm).
Two of Chinati's permanent exhibitions are open for self-guided viewing at regular times each week. Donald Judd's 15 untitled works in concrete are accessible Wednesday through Sunday from 9:00 AM – 4:30 PM. Donald Judd's 100 works in milled aluminum may be viewed Friday, Saturday, and Sunday afternoons from 2 to 4PM.
The closest airports to Marfa are in El Paso and Midland/Odessa. It is about 3-hour drive from either airport.
- Ackerman, James S. and Chinati Foundation. 2000. Art and Architecture. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9780967318615
- Andre, Carl and Chinati Foundation. 2000. Art in the Landscape. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9780967318608
- Bell, Tiffany, Dan Flavin, and Chinati Foundation. 2002. Light in Architecture and Art: The Work of Dan Flavin. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9780967318622
- Chamberlain, John and William C. Agee. 2009. It's All in the Fit: The Work of John Chamberlain. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9781607020707
- Antliff, Allan and Donald Judd. 2009. The Writings of Donald Judd. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9781615845392
- Stockebrand, Marianne, Donald Judd, and Rudi Fuchs. 2010. Chinati: the vision of Donald Judd. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9780300169393
- Stockebrand, Marianne. 2020. Chinati: the vision of Donald Judd. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. ISBN 9780300251456
Notes and references
- Roberta Smith (1995-02-26). "ART; The World According to Judd". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- The Chinati Foundation: La Fundación Chinati. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. 1987. pp. unpaginated.
- Michael Kimmelman (2001-02-04). "Art/Architecture; The Last Great Art of the 20th Century". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Daphne Beal (2000). "The Chinati Foundation: A Museum in Process". Art in America. 88 (10): 116–126.
- "Staff News". Chinati Foundation Newsletter. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. 18: 110. 2013. Available as a PDF on the foundation's website.
- Jenny Moore (2013). "Letter from Jenny Moore, Executive Director". Chinati Foundation Newsletter. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. 18: 2–3, here: p. 2.
- David Tompkins (2016). "Robert Irwin, Untitled [Dawn to Dusk], 2016: The Opening". Chinati Foundation Newsletter. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. 21: 4–11, here: p. 4. Available as a PDF on the foundation's website.
- David Tompkins (2016). "Robert Irwin, Untitled [Dawn to Dusk], 2016: The Opening". Chinati Foundation Newsletter. Marfa, Texas: Chinati Foundation. 21: 4–11, here: p. 9-11.
- "Chinati Foundation Collection". Chinati Foundation. Retrieved 2020-04-30.
- "Artist in Residence". Chinati Foundation. Retrieved 2017-06-03.
- "Internships". Chinati Foundation. Retrieved 2017-06-03.
- "Newsletter". Chinati Foundation. Retrieved 2017-06-03.