Chincha Islands

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Chincha Islands
Islas Chincha (Spanish)
Chincha Islands - panoramio.jpg
Partial view of the islands.
Chincha Islands is located in Peru
Chincha Islands
Chincha Islands
Geography
LocationPacific Ocean
Coordinates13°38′24″S 76°24′0″W / 13.64000°S 76.40000°W / -13.64000; -76.40000Coordinates: 13°38′24″S 76°24′0″W / 13.64000°S 76.40000°W / -13.64000; -76.40000
Major islandsChincha Norte, Chincha Centro, Chincha Sur
Administration
RegionIca Region
Additional information
Time zone

The Chincha Islands (Spanish: Islas Chincha) are a group of three small islands 21 kilometres (13 mi) off the southwest coast of Peru, to which they belong, near the town of Pisco. Since pre-Incan times they were of interest for their extensive guano deposits, but the supplies were mostly exhausted by 1874.

Geography[edit]

Chincha Islands in 1866.
Cormorants at Chincha Sur in 1910.

The largest of the islands, Isla Chincha Norte, is 1.3 kilometres (0.8 mi) long and up to 1.0 kilometre (0.6 mi) wide, and rises to a height of 34 metres (112 ft). Isla Chincha Centro is almost the same size as its neighbour to the north, while Isla Chincha Sur is half the size of its neighbours. The islands are mostly granite, and bordered with cliffs on all sides, upon which great numbers of seabirds nest.[1]

History[edit]

The Chincha islands were once the residence of the Chincha people, but only a few remains are to be found today. Peru began the export of guano in 1840. Spain, not having recognized Peru's independence (it was not to do so until 1879) and desiring the guano profits, occupied the islands in April 1864, setting off the Chincha Islands War (1864–1866).

The islands were featured in a 1854 book by American author George Washington Peck titled Melbourne, and the Chincha Islands: With Sketches of Lima, and a Voyage Round the World. The book chronicled Peck's time spent in the Australian city of Melbourne, as well as the Chincha Islands.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chincha Islands" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 231.
  2. ^ Peck, George Washington (1854). Melbourne, and the Chincha Islands: With Sketches of Lima, and a Voyage Round the World. C. Scribner. Retrieved 12 November 2022.

External links[edit]