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Two main types of Chofa: Pak Hong; Swan's tip (left) and Pak Khrut; Garuda's tip (right)

Chofa (Thai: ช่อฟ้า, pronounced [t͡ɕʰɔ̂ːfáː]; lit. sky tassel) is a Thai architectural decorative ornament that adorns the top at the end of wat and palace roofs in most Southeast Asian countries, such as Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. It resembles a tall thin bird and looks hornlike. The chofa is generally believed to represent the mythical creature Garuda, half bird and half man, who is the vehicle of the Hindu god Vishnu.[1]


  • Horn
  • Tip
  • Breast


  • Swan tip (Pak Hong; ปากหงส์)
  • Garuda tip (Pak Khrut; ปากครุฑ)
  • Fish tip (Pak Pla; ปากปลา)
  • Elephant head (Hua Chang; หัวช้าง)
  • Naga head
  • Bird head (Hua Nok; หัวนก)
  • Lanna (ล้านนา)
  • Others


  1. ^ Döhring, Karl (2000). Buddhist Temples of Thailand: An Architectonic Introduction'. White Lotus Press. ISBN 974-7534-40-1.

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