|Parks and Recreation character|
Rob Lowe as Chris Traeger
|First appearance||"The Master Plan" (guest appearance)
"Go Big or Go Home" (as series regular)
|Last appearance||"Ann and Chris" (as series regular)
"One Last Ride" (guest appearance)
|Portrayed by||Rob Lowe|
|Nickname(s)||"The Bionic man"|
|Occupation||Indiana State Auditor
Pawnee City Manager (interim)
|Significant other(s)||Millicent Gergich (ex-girlfriend)
Jennifer Barkley (fling)
Shauna Malwae-Tweep (ex-girlfriend)
|Children||Oliver Perkins-Traeger (with Ann) Leslie Perkins-Traeger (with Ann)|
Christopher "Chris" Traeger is a fictional character played by Rob Lowe in the American comedy television series Parks and Recreation on NBC. He began on the show as an Indiana state auditor who visits the fictional city of Pawnee to help solve their crippling budget problems, and eventually becomes Pawnee's acting city manager. Chris is an extremely positive person who is constantly upbeat and energetic. Extremely health-conscious, he exercises constantly and eats only healthy foods, and hopes to be the first human being to live 150 years.
Chris first appeared in the second season episode "The Master Plan". Originally expected to appear in eight episodes as a guest star, Lowe eventually signed on to remain on the show as a permanent cast member. Chris was a romantic interest for Ann Perkins (Rashida Jones) for several episodes, but the two split up in the third season. Chris imposes a strict policy against workplace dating at city hall, but series protagonist Leslie Knope (Amy Poehler) and Ben Wyatt (Adam Scott) begin secretly dating anyway.
The idea of Chris as a state auditor was inspired by real-life reports of government shutdowns amid the global financial crisis. The Chris Traeger character has received generally positive reviews from critics, and has been described as "one of the great comedic creations of the past couple years" and "one of the funniest performances of Rob Lowe's career".
Background and personality
Portrayed by Rob Lowe, Chris Traeger begins the show as an auditor working for the Indiana state government in Indianapolis, but eventually becomes the acting city manager of Pawnee, the fictional Indiana city where Parks and Recreation is set. Originally from Wisconsin, he is an excessively positive and optimistic person, who is constantly upbeat and extremely energetic. As a baby, Chris was diagnosed with a rare blood disorder and was not expected to live longer than three weeks, but miraculously survived. As a result, he sees every day he is alive as a gift, which results in his intensely cheerful and enthusiastic personality. In "Lucky", Chris mentions that he has a stepbrother who lives in London.
Chris is extremely health-conscious and exercises constantly; he runs 10 miles during his lunch break alone, and considers a 15 km run to be "light" exercise. He avoids eating red meat and fatty foods in favor of dishes like lean turkey burgers and vegetable loaf sweetened with fruit reduction, and takes a huge assortment of unusual vitamins. Chris always stays extremely well-hydrated, and as a result of his extreme exercise regimen has only 2.8% body fat, which makes him very susceptible to illness due to a weakened immune system. His ambition is to become the first human being to live 150 years. Chris always greets people with a firm handshake and direct eye contact, and to remember their names often points directly at people and repeats their names upon first meeting them. His constant desire to make everyone around him happy means Chris hates having to deliver bad news, a task he often assigns to his subordinates, usually Ben Wyatt. He often declares things to be "literally" the best thing he's ever seen or done, strongly emphasizing the word and pronouncing it "litch-rally". He is very specific about his needs, giving long, drawn out requests, often making only one point per sentence. In the episode "Ron & Tammy: Part Two", when ordering a beer, he says "I would like a local beer... I'd like it in a bottle ... And I'd like that bottle to be cold."
Starting in the penultimate second season episode "The Master Plan", Chris Traeger and fellow state auditor Ben Wyatt (Adam Scott) are sent to Pawnee to help solve the city's crippling budget deficit. Despite the seriousness of the problems, Chris presents the situation in an extremely positive light and tries to make all the city hall employees around him happy, leaving the hard decisions and delivery of bad news up to Ben. Due to the poorly managed Pawnee government, Chris and Ben need to slash every city budget by up to 50 percent, much to the disappointment of deputy parks and recreation director Leslie Knope (Amy Poehler).
During an outing at a bar, Chris meets Leslie's best friend Ann Perkins (Rashida Jones), who is drunk and experiencing conflicting emotions following her recent breakup with Mark Brendanawicz (Paul Schneider). Ann makes out with Chris and, although she was too drunk to even remember the incident the next day, he develops romantic feelings for her. Ann rebuffs his requests for dates, and finds him too intense, but the ever-optimistic Chris does not become discouraged and insists he will continue courting her. Meanwhile, in "Freddy Spaghetti", Chris and Ben reveal Pawnee's budget problems are worse than anticipated, which would require the government to be temporarily shut down, much to the horror of Leslie, but the delight of parks and recreation director Ron Swanson (Nick Offerman), an anti-government libertarian. Chris and Ben even consider firing Leslie to save money, but Ron persuades them otherwise.
In "Go Big or Go Home", after three months of closure, the Pawnee government reopens in a limited capacity, but Chris and Ben insist the parks and recreation department's budget can only sustain existing park maintenance. Leslie, however, wants to offer better programs and services for the Pawnee citizens. She asks Ann to go on a date with Chris, then try to convince him to increase the budget. Ann reluctantly agrees to the plan, but as the date progresses, she finds she actually enjoys herself and develops feelings for Chris. When Leslie accidentally gives away her secret plan, Chris is hurt and disparaged by Ann's ulterior motive. The next day, however, Ann apologizes and asks to continue dating Chris, who happily accepts.
Ann finds she likes Chris very much, but is intimidated because she cannot find a single flaw with him, which causes her to act socially awkwardly around him. However, when a flu outbreak strikes Pawnee in "Flu Season", Chris becomes severely ill, as due to his extreme workout regimen, he has a poor immune system and low body fat. He suffers a complete physical breakdown and becomes delirious from fever, which causes Ann (who works as a local nurse and treats his illness) to feel less intimidated by him. Later, when he recovers, Chris and Ben are called back to Indianapolis for another assignment, but Chris requests an extension to stay in Pawnee, seemingly due to his feelings for Ann.
In "Ron & Tammy: Part Two", Ann begins to question why Chris has not asked her to move with him to Indianapolis when he eventually returns there, especially after he offers for Ron's assistant April Ludgate (Aubrey Plaza) to come there to work for him. After Ann insists they need to decide what their future holds, Chris breaks up with Ann. However, he does so in such a positive and upbeat way that she does not actually realize they have broken up. When Chris returns to Indianapolis, Ann becomes confused about why they have had such little contact and suspects he is cheating on her. In the episode "Indianapolis", Ann confronts Chris about her suspicions, only to become humiliated to learn he had actually intended to break up with her.
In the episode "Camping" a few months later, Chris returns to Pawnee to work as acting city manager after former manager Paul Iaresco (Phil Reeves) suffers a major heart attack. A still devastated Ann meets with him to try and clear the air. However, Chris is once again so optimistic while discussing their break-up that she falsely believes they have gotten back together and tries to kiss him, thus embarrassing herself further. Meanwhile, Chris offers Ben a full-time job working at the Pawnee government, which Ben accepts.
Chris proves to be an energetic city manager, encouraging Leslie to pursue ambitious, grand-scale projects like the harvest festival she organized before he returned to Pawnee. In "Soulmates", he also attempts to combat Pawnee's notorious obesity problem by enacting a government-wide health initiative. In that same episode, when he sees Leslie kiss fellow employee Tom Haverford (Aziz Ansari) and falsely believes they are dating, Chris warns her he maintains a strict policy against workforce dating and insists she could be fired if she engages such a relationship. He is unaware, however, that Leslie and Ben actually have romantic feelings for each other, and eventually start dating without his knowledge.
During the season finale "Li'l Sebastian", Chris learns he has tendinitis. Although it is not particularly serious, it terrifies the health-conscious Chris and makes him begin to ponder his own mortality. He is eventually comforted by Ann, who now works part-time at city hall as the health department's public relations director. Chris feels better and appears to begin developing feelings again for her.
In "Ron and Tammys", Chris helps Ann shoot a health-related PSA. His determination to make it perfect, filming take after take, reminds Ann of some of her reasons not to date him. In "Pawnee Rangers", Chris meets Jerry's daughter Millicent (Sarah Wright). The two start dating and Chris makes sure that it is okay with Jerry. Jerry says that he is fine with the two of them dating, much to Chris' delight. Chris and Millicent go together to April and Andy's Halloween party, with Chris dressing as Sherlock Holmes, his favorite character. After Chris starts to lose contact with Millie, he enlists Jerry, Donna, and Ann to help him, against Jerry's wishes. Ann tells him that he is too accessible and needs to back off a little bit so he can continue dating Millie. In "Bowling for Votes", Millie dumps Chris, leaving him depressed. In "Operation Ann", Leslie convinces Chris that he is still a likable person and that Millecent's opinion does not mean anything. He immediately loses his depression. In "Dave Returns", Chris discovers Tom's relationship with Ann and confronts Tom about it, making Chris realize that he has to "...adjust." He then freezes and stares sadly into space. In the same episode, when Andy, asks Chris to sing for him (since he is working as a backing vocalist on Andy's song for the campaign), he sings "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" out of tune and with the wrong lyrics, causing everyone else there to wince. Chris helps Leslie's campaign however he can, even taking on a large amount of busy work to distract him from his loneliness "Bus Tour". He has a brief liaison with Bobby Newport's campaign manager, which cheers him up.
In season five, Chris is still working as Pawnee's City Manager. He is no longer is depressed, but is continuously seeing a therapist. He is also asked to be the father of Ann Perkins' child via in vitro fertilization. He is hesitant at first and turns to Ben and others to help him make a decision. After "Bailout", he tells Ann that he will be the father and the two begin parenting compatibility testing to see how well they will work together with raising a child. During "Jerry's Retirement", they get back together but Ann is not sure if they should continue their relationship the way they are now.
With Ann pregnant at the beginning of season six, Chris is preparing to be a father. In addition, when Ann expresses interest in leaving Pawnee to be closer to her family in Michigan, Chris decides to go with her. Some time after the pair leaves, Ann gives birth to their son Oliver Perkins-Traeger.
Chris and Ann return for a guest appearance in the series finale in order to advise Leslie in 2025. It is revealed that after Oliver, the couple had a second child, a daughter named Leslie.
Shortly following his departure from the ABC drama series Brothers & Sisters, Rob Lowe accepted the role of Chris Traeger on Parks and Recreation. He made his first appearance on the show in "The Master Plan", the penultimate episode of the second season. The character debuted the same episode that Adam Scott began his role as Ben Wyatt. Originally, Chris Traeger was only meant to be a guest role, with Lowe portraying him in the final two episodes of the second season and the first six episodes of the third season before departing the series. However, Lowe instead became a regular cast member starting with the third season, and signed a multi-year contract to remain on the show. The idea of Chris as a state auditor visiting Pawnee, and the subsequent government shutdown, was inspired by news reports at the time of a number of states that were considering a shut down of schools, parks and other services due to the global financial crisis.
Parks and Recreation co-creator Michael Schur said Chris' habit of pointing directly into the faces of people he meets and repeating their names was one of the first elements of his character that the writing staff conceived. Chris' desire to live 150 years was inspired by Schur's wife, J. J. Philbin, who had read an article which stated that scientists believe the first human who will live 150 years has already been born, and felt it applied to the Chris Traeger character. Lowe's first day of filming on the series was his birthday (March 17, 2010), which was the day his kiss scene with Rashida Jones in "The Master Plan" was shot. Lowe said he loved his character's "unrelenting enthusiasm" and the fact that he is not a romantic lead, but rather a "big, fat nerd". Parks and Recreation star Amy Poehler said of Chris Traeger: "It's a really fun character to play against because what you’ll see start to happen is Chris doesn’t want to deliver any bad news, but he’s actually like the Bad News Bear." Like much of the rest of the cast, Lowe occasionally improvises lines and actions for his character that are not included in the script. The writers hoped to use Ann Perkins' breakup with Chris, and the drastic changes in her behavior afterward, as a way of tapping into more comedic potential of her character rather than having her fill the role of straight man as she had in the past. Schur said: "Ann is a very intelligent and attractive woman, and it's hard to knock someone like that off balance. And the way to knock that person off balance is to get Rob Lowe in a relationship with you."
Once Lowe joined the permanent cast, Chris' role changed into more of an authority figure concerned with integrity and efficiency, although he continued to maintain his positive attitude and personality. Schur said of this second role: "He doesn’t like frayed ends or controversies – he wants the body politic to be as clean-running and organic as his own human body. Part of the design of the character was to give the other characters a true boss – an actual authority figure whose rules and regulations meant they had to toe certain lines, even while his endlessly cheery disposition made it hard to argue with him." As a result, Chris Traeger changed in minor ways once he became a regular character. In his earlier episodes, Chris avoided associating himself with anything negative and constantly made Ben report bad news to people. As city manager in later episodes as a regular, however, Chris started imposing rules or changes around the office that were not popular and seemed less resistant about enforcing them. For example, Chris began to enforce his strict no-dating policy around city hall. Additionally, in the episode "Jerry's Painting", Chris forcefully orders Leslie to destroy a painting when it proves to be controversial, and becomes angry with her when she tries to resist those orders.
The Chris Traeger character has received a critical acclaim from critics. Rick Porter of Zap2it described him as "one of the great comedic creations of the past couple years", and Hitfix writer Alan Sepinwall called it "one of the funniest performances of [Rob Lowe's] career". David Hinckley of the New York Daily News said both Lowe and Adam Scott were excellent additions to the cast, and Eric Sundermann of Hollywood.com said Chris was "exactly what the show needed to push itself to another level of silliness". Some reviewers believed Chris' over-the-top personality would be funny in the short run, but that the character would not prove three-dimensional enough to have long-term sustainability. New York magazine writer Steve Kandell initially described him as "funny, but sorta one-note", and Eric Hochberger of TV Fanatic first found Chris funny, but likewise said he was "not sure how great he'll be long term". Matt Fowler of IGN expressed the same sentiments after earlier episodes, but by the third season said Chris proved to be a great addition to the show.
The relationship between Chris and Ann was described by Sundermann as "one of the most interesting parts of the show and the reason, specifically, is Chris". Likewise, Porter said Lowe and Rashida Jones had developed a "fantastic dynamic". Joel Keller of TV Squad said he found Chris "a little two-dimensional", and believed the relationship was poorly handled because it made Ann too passive. Lowe received particularly strong praise for his role in "Flu Season", in which Chris became extremely ill and hallucinatory when infected with the flu. Tim Goodman of The Hollywood Reporter said Lowe's character seemed well-integrated into the cast by the episode "Flu Season", and added "If you've never believed Lowe can make you laugh out loud, pay attention to that episode." Steve Kandell said Lowe stole the show from the usual Parks powerhouses of Nick Offerman and Chris Pratt, and called one scene, when Lowe tries to will away his flu by yelling to himself in the mirror "Stop...pooping!", the "single greatest self-effacingly comic moment of his long, handsome career".
Parks and Recreation has traditionally experienced poor Nielsen ratings, and NBC officials hoped the addition of Lowe to the cast would help increase viewership. His premiere on the second season episode "The Master Plan" was heavily publicized in commercials with the hopes of drawing new viewers. However, ratings continued to be low after he joined the show, and his appearances only resulted in what HitFix writer Daniel Fienberg called "a statistically irrelevant bump" in the ratings.
Following actor Charlie Sheen's departure from the CBS comedy series Two and a Half Men in March 2011, rumors began to circulate that Rob Lowe might leave Parks and Recreation to take Sheen's place on that show. People magazine reported that Two and a Half Men creator Chuck Lorre was "seriously discussing the possibility" of signing Lowe, and Sheen himself said he would be a "fabulous" successor. Those rumors proved unfounded, however, and were flatly denied by Michael Schur, who called it "complete gibberish". Although widely considered a supporting role, Lowe's performance as Chris Traeger was submitted for a 2011 Primetime Emmy Award in the Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series category.
- Porter, Rick (May 24, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': Literally, all of Rob Lowe's 'literallys'". Zap2it. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (March 10, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' boss explains why Rob Lowe can't replace Charlie Sheen". Hitfix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- O'Hare, Kate (May 13, 2011). "'Brothers & Sisters,' 'Parks and Recreation': Where should Rob Lowe go next?". Zap2it. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Porter, Rick (March 25, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': After the harvest". Zap2it. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Kandell, Steve (January 21, 2011). "Parks and Recreation Recap: Maintenance Mode". New York. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Porter, Rick (February 11, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': Sex with your ex can be really great, but sex with your ex is a big mistake". Zap2it. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
- Hochberger, Eric (May 14, 2010). "Parks and Recreation Review: "The Master Plan"". TV Fanatic. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Marnell, Blair (May 21, 2010). "Parks and Recreation 2.24 'Freddy Spaghetti'". CraveOnline. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Keller, Joel (January 27, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' Season 3, Episode 2 Recap". TV Squad. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Gilbert, Megan (April 15, 2011). "Parks and Recreation Recap: April and Andy’s Fancy Party". Punchline Magazine. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Heisler, Steve (April 21, 2011). "Parks and Recreation: "Soulmates"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sundermann, Eric (April 22, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' Recap: Soulmates". Hollywood.com. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Gallagher, Kona (May 14, 2010). "'Parks and Recreation' - 'The Master Plan' Recap". TV Squad. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Kandell, Steve (May 14, 2010). "Parks and Recreation Recap: Are We Having Fun Yet?". New York. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Porter, Rick (May 12, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': 7 great things about 'The Fight' and 'Road Trip'". Zap2it. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Porter, Rick (January 28, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': Best episode ever? Yeah, probably". Zap2it. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Schur, Michael (2010). Parks and Recreation: Season Two: "The Master Plan" (Audio commentary) (DVD). Universal Studios Home Entertainment.
- Hinckley, David (May 13, 2010). "'Parks and Recreation' adds Rob Lowe and Adam Scott for storyline and 'meat' effect". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on May 9, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- VanDerWerff, Todd (May 14, 2010). "Parks and Recreation: "The Master Plan"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Fowler, Matt (May 14, 2010). "Parks and Recreation: "The Master Plan" Review". IGN. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (May 12, 2010). "Review: 'Parks and Recreation' welcomes Rob Lowe and Adam Scott". HitFix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Kandell, Steve (May 21, 2010). "Parks and Recreation Recap: Shutdown". New York. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Fowler, Matt (January 28, 2011). "Parks and Recreation: "Flu Season" Review". IGN. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sundermann, Eric (February 18, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' Recap: Media Blitz". Hollywood.com. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Heisler, Steve (February 24, 2011). "Parks and Recreation: "Indianapolis"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Keller, Joel (March 25, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' Season 3, Episode 8 Recap". TV Squad. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Gilbert, Megan (March 25, 2011). "Parks and Recreation recap: "Camping"". Punchline Magazine. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (May 19, 2011). "Review: 'Parks and Recreation' - 'The Bubble/Li'l Sebastian': Give a little swivel". HitFix. Archived from the original on June 13, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Gilbert, Megan (May 20, 2011). "Parks and Recreation recap: "Li’l Sebastian" (season finale, part 1)". Punchline Magazine. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Wightman, Catriona (May 11, 2011). "Lowe 'enjoys playing a geek on Parks'". Digital Spy. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Martin, Denise (March 4, 2010). "'Party Down' star Adam Scott joins the cast of NBC's 'Parks and Recreation'; plus, more details on Rob Lowe". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Dos Santos, Kristin (March 3, 2010). "Rob Lowe is Coming to Parks and Recreation, the Big Boss Confirms". E! Online. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (February 3, 2011). "Review: 'Parks and Recreation' - 'Time Capsule': Twilight time". HitFix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Rice, Lynette (July 30, 2011). "Rob Lowe joins 'Parks and Recreation' as a series regular". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Porter, Rick (March 10, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': Rob Lowe's not going anywhere, EP Mike Schur says". Zap2it. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Martin, Denise (March 12, 2010). "'Parks and Recreation': Mike Schur tells us why Paul Schneider is leaving the show, plus more details on Adam Scott and Rob Lowe". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 22, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (January 19, 2011). "Interview: 'Parks and Recreation' star Amy Poehler previews season three". HitFix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Marsi, Steve (March 15, 2010). "Rob Lowe Tweets on Parks & Recreation Arrival, Brothers & Sisters Exit". TV Fanatic. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Schur, Michael (2010). Parks and Recreation: Season Two: "Freddy Spaghetti" (Audio commentary) (DVD). Universal Studios Home Entertainment.
- Snierson, Dan (February 11, 2011). "The 101 Reasons We Love Parks and Recreation". Entertainment Weekly (1142): 43–49. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (May 19, 2011). "Interview: 'Parks and Recreation co-creator Mike Schur post-mortems season 3". HitFix. Archived from the original on May 28, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Fowler, Matt (April 28, 2011). "Parks and Recreation: "Jerry's Painting" Review". IGN. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (May 21, 2010). "'Parks and Recreation' - 'Freddy Spaghetti': The show must go wrong?". HitFix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sundermann, Eric (February 4, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' Recap: Time Capsule". New York Post (Hollywood.com). Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Keller, Joel (February 25, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' Season 3, Episode 6 Recap". TV Squad. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Sepinwall, Alan (January 27, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation' - 'The Flu': Leslie Knope and the Chamber of Secrets". Hitfix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Busis, Hillary (January 28, 2011). "'Parks and Recreation': Love (and a nasty virus) is in the air". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Goodman, Tim (January 19, 2011). "Parks and Recreation -- TV Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Kandell, Steve (January 28, 2011). "Parks and Recreation Recap: A Bug's Life". New York. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Fienberg, Daniel (May 14, 2010). "TV Ratings: ABC's 'FlashForward' helps CBS rule Thursday". HitFix. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Silverman, Stephen M. (March 9, 2011). "Rob Lowe Gets Charlie Sheen Endorsement for Two and a Half Men". People. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Wilson, Stacey (May 9, 2011). "Rob Lowe Enters Emmy Race as Lead Actor Contender for 'Parks and Rec'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Bierly, Mandi (May 10, 2011). "Rob Lowe submits name for lead, not supporting Emmy: Smart move? Poll!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
- Rob Lowe biography at official Parks and Recreation site at NBC.com
- Chris Traeger at the Internet Movie Database