Christian Social Party (Belgium, defunct)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the late 19th century Belgian political party, see Christene Volkspartij.
Christian Social Party
Christelijke Volkspartij
Parti Social Chrétien
Historical leaders Jean Duvieusart (first)
Jean Charles Snoy et d'Oppuers (last)
Founded August 18, 1945 (1945-08-18)
Dissolved 1968 (1968)
Preceded by Catholic Party
Succeeded by Christian People's Party,
Christian Social Party
Headquarters Brussels, Belgium
Ideology Christian democracy
Pro-Europeanism
Political position Centre
European affiliation Christian Democrat group
International affiliation Christian Democrat International
Colours      Black

The Christian Social Party (PSC-CVP) was a Christian democratic[1] political party in Belgium, which existed from 1945 until 1968 when it split along linguistic lines.

The Christian Social Party was Belgium's largest party in most elections. The other two main parties were the Belgian Socialist Party and the Liberal Party (together forming the three "pillars").

History[edit]

At the end of World War II, on 18–19 August 1945 the Parti Social Chrétien-Christelijke Volkspartij (CVP-PSC) was founded under the presidency of August de Schryver as the successor to the Catholic Party.

In 1968, the party divided along linguistic lines, forming the Francophone Christian Social Party (Parti Social Chrétien) in Wallonia and the Flemish Christian People's Party (Christelijke Volkspartij) in Flanders.[2][3]

Election results[edit]

Chamber of Representatives[edit]

Election Votes  % Seats +/– Position Government
1946 1,006,293 42.5
92 / 202
Increase 19 Steady 1st Opposition
1949 2,190,895 43.6
105 / 212
Increase 13 Steady 1st Christian Social-Liberal coalition
1950 2,356,608 47.7
108 / 212
Increase 3 Steady 1st Majority government
1954 2,123,408 41.2
95 / 212
Decrease 13 Steady 1st Opposition
1958 2,465,549 46.5
104 / 212
Increase 9 Steady 1st Minority government until November 1958, later Christian Social-Liberal coalition
1961 2,182,642 41.5
96 / 212
Decrease 8 Steady 1st Christian Social-Socialist coalition
1965 1,785,211 34.5
77 / 212
Decrease 19 Steady 1st Christian Social-Socialist coalition until March 1966, later Christian Social-Liberal coalition
1968 1,643,785 31.8
69 / 212
Decrease 8 Steady 1st Christian Social-Socialist coalition

Notable members[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Lamberts, Emiel (2004). Michael Gehler; Wolfram Kaiser, eds. The Zenith of Christian Democracy: The Christelijke Volkspartij/Parti Social Chrétien in Belgium. Christian Democracy in Europe since 1945. Routledge. pp. 59–73. ISBN 0-7146-5662-3. 

Sources[edit]

  • Th. Luykx and M. Platel, Politieke geschiedenis van België, 2 vol., Kluwer, 1985
  • E. Witte, J. Craeybeckx en A. Meynen, Politieke geschiedenis van België, Standaard, 1997

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kees van Kersbergen; Philip Manow (6 April 2009). Religion, Class Coalitions, and Welfare States. Cambridge University Press. pp. 21–. ISBN 978-0-521-89791-4. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Emiel Lamberts (1 January 1997). Christian Democracy in the European Union, 1945/1995: Proceedings of the Leuven Colloquium, 15-18 November 1995. Leuven University Press. pp. 65–. ISBN 978-90-6186-808-8. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Daniele Caramani (29 March 2004). The Nationalization of Politics: The Formation of National Electorates and Party Systems in Western Europe. Cambridge University Press. pp. 308–. ISBN 978-0-521-53520-5. Retrieved 2 August 2013.