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Odostomia navisa.jpg
Chrysallida navisa shell
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Clade: Heterobranchia
Clade: Euthyneura
Order: Panpulmonata
Superfamily: Pyramidelloidea
Family: Pyramidellidae
Genus: Chrysallida
Carpenter, 1856[1]
Type species
Chemnitzia communis C.B. Adams, 1852
  • Burkillia Iredale, 1915 (unnecessary replacement name for Tragula Monterosato, 1884)
  • Chrysallida (Pyrgulina) A. Adams, 1864
  • Elodia de Folin, 1870
  • Elodiamea de Folin, 1886
  • Ividella Dall & Bartsch, 1909
  • Odostomia (Chrysallida) Carpenter, 1856
  • Partulida Schaufuss, 1869

Chrysallida is a speciose genus of minute sea snails, pyramidellid gastropod mollusks or micromollusks in the family Pyramidellidae within the tribe Chrysallidini.[2][3][4]


The genus Folinella had two preoccupied names - Amoura De Folin, 1873 not J.E. Gray 1847, and Funicularia Monterosato, 1884 not Forbes, 1845.

The genus Chrysallida Carpenter, 1856 has been used as a catchall, particularly in the European literature following a lead by Winckworth (1932), for most pyramidellids having both axial and spiral sculpture but having otherwise little in common with the Californian type species C. communis (C. B. Adams, 1852). A statement that this is incorrect was voiced by van Aartsen, Gittenberger & Goud (2000: 21) who nevertheless still used Chrysallida as the genus to include many Eastern Atlantic species, distributed into several subgenera. Micali, Nofroni & Perna (2012) restored usage of Parthenina Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1883 for several species formerly placed in Chrysallida. This move was continued by Høisæter (2014), Peñas, Rolán & Swinnen (2014) and Giannuzzi-Savelli et al. (2014) who are here followed, but there are still many species remaining unduly under Chrysallida. For these, we have refrained from making new combinations not backed by (or implicit from) a published source. Nevertheless, all the species that were already "accepted" under a subgenus, now raised to full genus, have been marked as "accepted" under that full genus.[5]


Species within the genus Chrysallida are commonly distributed in all oceans from the tropics to the polar regions, the Arctic and the Antarctic. It is mainly known from coastal areas, and is uncommon in deep elevations such as trenches in the sea.

The members of Chrysallida are ectoparasites on serpulid polychaetes.


There are multiple species within the genus Chrysallida, these include the following in alphabetical order:[5]


The following species were brought into synonymy[5]


Little is known about the ecology of the members of this genus. As is true of most members of the Pyramidellidae sensu lato, they are most likely ectoparasites.


  1. ^ Carpenter (1856) Proc. zool. Soc. London 24: 170.
  2. ^ Bouchet P.; Rocroi J.-P.; Frýda J.; Hausdorf B.; Ponder W.; Valdés Á. & Warén A. (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia: International Journal of Malacology. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1-2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997. 
  3. ^ Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 180-213
  4. ^ Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
  5. ^ a b c Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S. (2011). Chrysallida Carpenter, 1856. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 27 August 2012

Further reading[edit]

  • Carpenter, P. P. (1856). "Description of new species and varieties of Calyptraeidae, Trochidae, and Pyramidellidae, principally in the collection of Hugh Cumming, Esq.". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. 24: 166–171. 
  • Dall, W. H.; Bartsch, P (1904). "Synopsis of genera, subgenera, and sections of the family Pyramidellidae". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 17: 1–16. 
  • De Folin, L.; Périer, L. (1867–1887). "Etudes internationale sur les perticularities nouvelles des regions sous-marines". Les Fonds de la Mer. 1–4. 

External links[edit]