Citronella (genus)

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For other uses, see Citronella.
Citronella mucronata (R. et P.) D. Don (pabloendemico).jpg
Citronella mucronata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Aquifoliales
Family: Cardiopteridaceae
Genus: Citronella

Citronella is a genus of trees and shrubs in the family Cardiopteridaceae described as a genus in 1832.[2][3] It is native to tropical regions of South and Central America, insular Southeast Asia, Queensland, and islands of the western Pacific.[1] The genus was formerly treated as belonging to the family Icacinaceae.[4][5]

Few species have been cultivated. Citronella mucronata, from Chile, is remarkable for its hardiness compared to other members of this genus. It is one of the most well-known of the species and has been introduced to Europe.[6][7]

  1. Citronella apogon - Bolivia, NW Argentina
  2. Citronella costarricensis - Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru
  3. Citronella engleriana - Rio de Janeiro
  4. Citronella gongonha - Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, NE Argentina
  5. Citronella incarum - Peru, Colombia, Ecuador
  6. Citronella latifolia - Samar
  7. Citronella lucidula - Solomon Islands
  8. Citronella macrocarpa - New Caledonia
  9. Citronella melliodora - Peru, Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia
  10. Citronella moorei - Queensland
  11. Citronella mucronata - Chile
  12. Citronella paniculata - Brazil, Paraguay, Venezuela, Misiones
  13. Citronella philippinensis - Luzon
  14. Citronella samoensis - Solomon Islands, Samoa, Tonga
  15. Citronella sarmentosa - New Caledonia
  16. Citronella silvatica - Colombia
  17. Citronella smythii - Queensland
  18. Citronella suaveolens - Indonesia, New Guinea
  19. Citronella vitiensis - Fiji


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Don, David. 1832. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 13: 243-244 description in Latin, commentary in English
  3. ^ Tropicos, Citronella D.Don
  4. ^ Howard R. A. 1942d Studies of the Icacinaceae. V. A revision of the genus Citronella D. Don. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University 142: 60-89
  5. ^ Citronella genus from Encyclopedia of Chilean Flora
  6. ^ "Chilean plants cultivated in Spain" (PDF). 
  7. ^ Mabberley, D. 1997. The Plant-Book. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 858p.