Municipal Police (Indonesia)
|Formed||3 March 1950|
The Municipal Police of Indonesia (Indonesian: Satuan Polisi Pamong Praja abbreviated Satpol PP; translated: "Public Order Enforcers") are municipal police units in Indonesia which are controlled by local government heads of states and is operated by the Department of Home Affairs. Its main duties are to assist the local regional head (city and/or provincial) of the government affairs in the field of Security and Public order which is to enforce regulations of the local region. This force is under the auspices of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
Basically, the municipal police in Indonesia ("Satpol PP") is different from the Indonesian National Police ("POLRI") within authority and law enforcement, but both also conducts cooperative duties within local jurisprudence. Each province in Indonesia has a municipal police force ("Satpol PP") controlled by the local provincial government. The base of the municipal police are stationed in the local state government offices. Their service uniform and beret color is Khaki and wear black combat boots.
In 2010, a controversial decree by Gamawan Fauzi (the Minister of Home Affairs), allows members of the unit to be armed with gas-powered revolvers or blanks, electric shock sticks, and baton for riots and crowd control.
Duties and Tasks
- Take action against illegal street vendors, street beggars, prostitutes, and other kinds of issues which create public nuisance (in accordance with each area's urban plan)
- Take action against illegal residential areas that does not have legal permit from the local city or state govt.
- Supervision and security service for local government activities
- Controlling and supervising points of public entertainment and events (In coordination with local police)
- Controlling the use of public space and facilities operated by the local govt.
- Enforcement of the public to follow and comply with local district or city rules and regulations as ordered by the local head of state
- Supervision of public affairs under the order of the local district or regional head
- Law enforcement towards local civil government employees ("PNS")
Difference between Police and Municipal Police in Indonesia
There has been some confusion and mix-up about the roles and responsibilities of the municipal police units and the Indonesian National Police among the general public. Generally, the municipal police in Indonesia simply enforces the implementation of the local government's regulation, therefore answering to their respective area's head of government. The Indonesian National Police meanwhile enforces the Indonesian National constitutional laws and regulations.
The Indonesian National Police also have the rights and duty to investigate and arrest violators who can be prosecuted under a court of law. The municipal police can arrest violators, but prosecution is almost unheard of with violators usually let off with simple reprimand or in some cases, fined. In some cases however, the municipal police units and the Police will work together in the field, although they will still retain their own respective tasks and responsibilities.
- Dina Afrianty, Women and Sharia Law in Northern Indonesia, pg. 189. Routledge 2015. ISBN 9781138819368
- ‘Satpol must not be armed’, Jakarta Post, 11 July 2010
- "Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 26 Tahun 2007 Tentang Penataan Ruang" (PDF).