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Civil disorder, also known as civil unrest is a broad term that is typically used by law enforcement to describe unrest that is caused by a group of people. Civil disorder is also described as “any public disturbance involving acts of violence by assemblages of three or more persons, which cause an immediate danger of or results in damage or injury to the property or person of any other individual.” during civil disorder people generally choose not to observe a certain law, regulation to rule, this is usually to bring attention to their cause or concern. Civil disturbance can include a form of protest against major socio-political problems. It is essentially the breakdown of orderly society, of which examples can include: illegal parades, sit-ins, riots, sabotage, and other forms of crime. Even on occasions where it is typically intended to be a demonstration to the public or the government, such can escalate into general chaos.
Civil disorder can take many forms such as small gatherings or mass groups of people often blocking access to a specific building or disrupting day-to-day activities. Creating loud noises, shouting, or imitating a certain person is generally the disruptions that occur in civil disorder. The severity of civil disorder can often get out of hand leading to a riot with mob burns and terrorizing an individual.
There can be inconvenience that civil disorder can cause by blocking roads, sidewalks, building. By people blocking this disturbs and interferes with the citizens that are not involved in the civil riot. Some examples of civil riots that have occurred in history include the protest movements for civil rights in 1960 and the Vietnam War protest in the early 1970s.
Types of crowds
As a part of a protest the most common way that riots occur by people is by forming a crowd. "Crowds can be classified into four general categories: Casual crowd- A group of people that happen to be in the same place at the same time, when you go to a popular tourist spot. Cohesive Crowd- a crowd that consists of people that have the same idea and are involved in the same behaviour. People that are in a cohesive crowd often worship, dance. Expressive crowd- all together for the same purpose. It is generally not formally organised but formed purely by common interest."
Civil disturbance can include a form of protest against major socio-political problems. It is essentially the breakdown of orderly society, of which examples can include: illegal parades, sit-ins, riots, sabotage, and other forms of crime. Even on occasions where it is typically intended to be a demonstration to the public or the government, such can escalate into general chaos. Civil disobedience and public may be defined as the refusal to obey the laws that are enforced by the government. Minor civil disobedience and public disorder is something that may occur, but with minimal impact.
Impact of Civil disorder
Citizens not directly involved in a civil disorder may have their lives significantly disrupted. Their ability to work, enjoy recreation and in some cases, obtain necessities may be jeopardised. Disruption of infrastructure such as homes and buildings may occur during very severe events. Public utilities such as water, fuel and electricity may be temporarily unavailable, as well as public infrastructure for communication. Occasionally, the disruption of such services may be the original cause of the disorder.
Where can civil disorder occur?
Civil disorder can arise from many causes and a variety of reasons. The reason that civil disorder arises can be spontaneous and can escalate rapidly rising tension. "Places where civil disorder can arise is anywhere, the locations that are most likely for civil disorder to occur is places that have large populations of grouping or gatherings."
- Revolution '67 Film website - Documentary about the Newark, New Jersey race riots of 1967
- Brazil uprising points to rise of leaderless networks
- D.J. FitzGerald - text published by Elsevier Health Sciences 2006, 952 pages, ISBN 0323032532