Opened in 1951, Cleveland Engine Plant number 1 was the site of production for Ford's first overhead valve engine, the Lincoln V8. It was later the site of production for the Ford 335 engine, commonly called the "Cleveland". It also produced many of the "5.0" V8 engines used through the 1980s and 1990s, with the last produced in 2000. The demise of the 5.0 was to also be the end for CEP1, but Ford instead invested $350 million to refurbish it to handle production of the Duratec 30 for the Ford Freestyle, Ford Five Hundred, and Mercury Montego. Ford closed the plant in 2007.
On February 27, 2009, Ford Motor Company announced that it would be reopening Engine Plant 1 to produce their new EcoBoost 3.5L V6. The EcoBoost V6 produces 15% lower CO2 emissions, and is capable of 20% better fuel economy. Since the shutdown of Engine Plant One in 2007, $55 million in improvements have been made to accommodate the new production line.
Cleveland Engine Plant number 2 opened in 1955 to produce the Y-block 292 V8 for the Ford Thunderbird. More recently, it has been the site for Duratec 25 and 30 production. Today, it produces the VVT version of that engine used in the Ford Fusion and Lincoln Zephyr/MKZ, known as the 3.5 L EcoBoost and 3.7 L Duratech engine.
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