2013 Lincoln MKS
|Assembly||Ford Chicago Assembly,
Chicago, Illinois, USA
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Full-size luxury car|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / all wheel drive|
|Platform||Ford D3 platform|
Ford Taurus X
|Engine||3.7 L Cyclone V6 DOHC
273 hp (277 PS) at 6250 rpm (2009–2011)
3.7 L Cyclone V6 Ti-VCT DOHC
304 hp at 6500 rpm (2012–2017?)
3.5 L EcoBoost V6 DOHC
355 hp (360 PS) at 5700 rpm (2010-2012)
3.5 L EcoBoost V6 DOHC
365 hp (360 PS) at 5500 rpm (2013-present)
|Transmission||6-speed 6F50 automatic
6-speed 6F55 automatic
|Wheelbase||112.9 in (2,868 mm)|
|Length||2009–12: 204.1 in (5,184 mm)
2013– : 205.6 in (5,222 mm)
|Width||75.9 in (1,928 mm)|
|Height||61.6 in (1,565 mm)|
|Curb weight||4,127 lb (1,872 kg) (Front-wheel drive)
4,276 lb (1,940 kg) (All-wheel drive)
|Predecessor||Lincoln Town Car|
The Lincoln MKS is a full-size luxury sedan from Lincoln. The MKS was first shown as a 2009 model year the LA Auto Show in November 2007. The MKS began production in May 2008 with sales beginning a month later.
The MKS is based on Ford's D3 platform, which is shared with the current Ford Taurus and other vehicles. The car is front-wheel drive with optional all-wheel drive. The MKS is powered by a 3.7 L Duratec V6 engine mated to a 6-speed automatic transmission. An optional EcoBoost 3.5 L twin-turbo, direct injection V6 is also available. The MKS can seat up to five people. The Lincoln MKS is built at Ford's Chicago Assembly plant.
The Lincoln MKS continues Lincoln's three-letter nomenclature for new models, preceded by the MKZ, MKT, and MKX, and followed by the MKC. The MKS became the marque's sole full-size sedan in the 2012 model year with the discontinuation of the Town Car. The MKS then became the longest domestic production sedan at 205.6 in (17.13 ft; 5.22 m) overall length.
2006 MKS Concept
The Lincoln MKS made its first appearance as a concept car at the 2006 North American International Auto Show in Detroit, Michigan. The MKS Concept provided a preliminary view of the design direction that Lincoln was taking for their new full-size flagship sedan of the same name.
The MKS included Lincoln's signature waterfall grille with a crosshatching that was later used in the grille for the 2007-2009 Lincoln MKZ. The concept car's headlights featured adaptive lighting that pivoted the headlight projectors in concert with steering inputs. The headlight assemblies incorporated a series of LEDs that would blink in sequence for turn indication. Side vents at the rear of the front wheel wells were adorned with the Lincoln star. The MKS Concept featured a large sunroof and moonroof combination that takes the place of a conventional roof. The MKS Concept's rear were LED-based parking and brake lamps and dual chrome, trapezoidal-shaped exhaust tips. The MKS Concept rode on 20x8.5-inch, ten spoke wheels.
The MKS Concept seats were covered in cream-colored Aniline leather while the doors and interior panels were covered in pearl-white suede. The dashboard was covered in dark grey suede. Instrumentation and controls featured satin nickel inserts and chrome trim with backlighting provided by white LEDs. An applique of real maple wood ran across the instrument panel, dividing it into upper and lower sections. Features included Bluetooth device connectivity, a DVD-based navigation system, a 14-speaker, 500-watt audio system, a passive entry system that identifies the driver and allows starting the vehicle by carrying its key fob, and a push button ignition system. Safety was provided by dual front airbags, driver and passenger side airbags, and side curtain airbags.
The MKS Concept was based on Ford's front-wheel drive, Volvo-derived D3 Automobile platform that was already in use in the then-Ford Five Hundred, Ford Freestyle, and Mercury Montego (the version used for the MKS in particular was coded D385). It has independent suspension with MacPherson struts and rearward-facing lower L-arms with a stabilizer bar in the front and a multilink coil over shock setup with a stabilizer bar in the rear. The MKS Concept featured an active all-wheel drive system. Powering the MKS Concept was a Ford/Yamaha 4.4 L DOHC V8 producing 315 hp (235 kW) at 4500 rpm and 320 lb·ft (433 N·m) of torque at 3000 rpm. The engine was mated to a 6-speed automatic transmission.
The production version of the Lincoln MKS was unveiled to the public in November 2007 at the LA Auto Show. Sales began in the summer of 2008 as a 2009 model. The front fascia of the production version received a new grille, a chrome, split-wing design. The trapezoidal-shaped chrome exhaust tips of the MKS Concept were replaced with more common circular chrome tips.
The production MKS uses leather seating surfaces, thermoplastic olefin door and interior panels, as well as leatherette for the top of the dashboard. The maple wood instrument panel applique from the concept car was replaced with olive-ash or ebony wood.
The MKS was the first series production Lincoln with radar autonomous cruise control system. Other features include intelligent access system with a push button start, a keyless entry keypad that is mounted flush inside the driver-side B-pillar with buttons that only appear when touched, and optional adaptive HID headlights. Other features include automatic HID headlights, foglights, an Easy Fuel capless fuel filler, foldable power adjustable mirrors with memory, 18x7.5-inch machined aluminum wheels, a 6-speaker audio system with an AM/FM radio and 6-disc in-dash CD changer, Sirius satellite radio with a six-month prepaid subscription, dual-zone automatic climate control, an auto-dimming rear view mirror with compass, 12-way, heated and cooled power driver and passenger seats, heated rear seats, a power tilt and telescoping steering wheel with memory, a universal garage door opener, and Lincoln SYNC.
Safety features include dual front airbags, driver and passenger side airbags, and side curtain airbags. Three equipment packages include the Navigation Package (a DVD navigation system, a THX II-Certified, 14-speaker, 600-watt audio system with an AM/FM radio and six-disc in-dash CD player, and a rearview camera); Technology Package (adaptive HID headlights, rain-sensing windshield wipers, a forward-sensing system[clarification needed], a power sunshade for the rear window, and the intelligent access system with push button start); the Ultimate Package includes everything in the Navigation and Technology packages and a dual panel moonroof, premium 19x8-inch painted alloy wheels, Ultimate seating trim with color-keyed suede strip in the center of the seat back, and a Lincoln Star logo embroidered into the front seat headrests; an Aluminum Applique Package (aluminum dash trim in the place of wood, as well as a leather-wrapped steering wheel and shift knob), is also available but requires the Navigation, Technology, or Ultimate packages. Options include all-wheel drive, 19x8-inch machined aluminum wheels, 20x8-inch polished aluminum wheels, adaptive cruise control, and a PowerCode remote starter.
Active Park Assist, a system which uses ultrasonic sensors to find and measure a parking space, then operate the steering wheel to accomplish the parallel parking task, will be available in mid-2009 as an option on the 2010 MKS. This feature is accomplished by using software control of the Electric Power Steering (EPS) system.
The production MKS rides on Ford's D3 platform. The MKS features an independent suspension with MacPherson struts and rearward-facing lower L-arms with a 26 mm (1.0 in) stabilizer bar in the front and a multilink coil over shock setup with stamped steel lower control arms and cast upper control arms in the rear; "Lincoln Drive Control" with continuously controlled damping (CCD) available as optional feature. The car features four-wheel antilock disc brakes (12.25-inch (311 mm) rotors in the front and 12.75-inch (324 mm) rotors in the rear) with standard AdvanceTrac traction control and Roll Stability Control (RSC). Front-wheel drive (FWD) is standard while all-wheel drive (AWD) is optional. In a significant departure from the MKS Concept and past Lincoln flagship sedans, the production MKS does not offer a V8 engine. In the place of the 4.4 L Ford/Yamaha V8 found in the MKS Concept, the production MKS is powered by an all-aluminum 3.7 L Duratec DOHC V6, a larger bore derivative of the Duratec 35 and a member of Ford's Cyclone engine family. The engine was designed to accept either regular grade, 87 octane gasoline or premium grade, 91 octane gasoline. Using regular grade gasoline, the 3.7 L V6 produces 273 hp (204 kW) at 6250 rpm and 270 lb·ft (366 N·m) of torque at 4250 rpm. Using premium grade gasoline results in a small boost in output to 275 hp (205 kW) at 6250 rpm and 276 lb·ft (374 N·m) of torque at 4250 rpm. Power from the MKS' V6 is transmitted to the wheels via Ford's 6F50 6-speed automatic transmission. The transmission is equipped with SelectShift which simulates the operation of a manual transmission. A road test by Car and Driver magazine revealed that an AWD-equipped MKS could accelerate from zero to 60 mph in 7.5 seconds and complete a quarter-mile in 15.7 seconds at 90 mph (140 km/h). Testers noted the MKS' heavy weight of over 4300 lbs. To address the need for a higher performance engine, Ford introduced its EcoBoost V6, an all-aluminum, twin-turbocharged, direct injection 3.5 L DOHC V6, in the 2010 MKS arriving in showrooms in the summer of 2009.
The EcoBoost engine provides 355 hp (265 kW) and 350 lb·ft (470 N·m) of torque.
The facelifted 2013 MKS debuted at the 2012 Los Angeles International Auto Show, with a mildly refreshed exterior interior updates (front "Multicontour" seats). safety updates: auto high beam, adaptive cruise control and forward collision warning, blind spot information system with cross-traffic alert, and lane-keeping system, also grew slightly in length to 205.6 in (5,222 mm).
The MKS has dimensions comparable to the 2010 Audi A8 4.2 FSI quattro, a sedan with all-wheel drive which is equipped with a naturally aspirated 4.2 L V8 engine with direct gasoline injection. The MKS is almost an inch longer than the A8L (long-wheelbase version), an inch wider and five inches (127 mm) taller, has four more cubic feet of trunk space, and extra 25 lb·ft (34 N·m) of torque, while being 100 lb (45 kg) lighter. The MKS starts at $30,000 less than the base A8.
While praised for its large interior and long list of luxury features, the MKS has been criticized for not being as refined as other luxury sedans in a similar price range. It is also noted that the MKS's platform-mate, the Ford Taurus, offers the same powertrain and many available technological features, starting at an MSRP of $10,000 less than the MKS.
End of production
The Lincoln MKS will be replaced by a new car based on the newest Lincoln Continental concept in 2016 due to the decline in sales of the Lincoln MKS over the 2010s. The Chicago Assembly Plant where the MKS is produced will continue to manufacture the Ford Taurus, Ford Explorer, and Police Interceptor vehicles after Ford phases out production of the MKS in 2016.
Yearly American sales
|Calendar year||Total sales|
|Total sales to date:||88,267|
- Aziz, Nick (August 9, 2006). "2008 Lincoln MKS (production)". Left Lane News. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- "Lincoln MKS orders start strong, car is "do-or-die" debut". Motor Trend. June 2, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- "Ford to Equip Half a Million Vehicles with EcoBoost Engine Technology for Up To 20% Better Fuel Economy". Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 6, 2008.[dead link]
- Bunkley, Nick (March 30, 2015). "Lincoln to bring back Continental name". Automotive News. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- "2006 MKS Concept Overview". Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 9, 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- "2006 MKS Concept Technical Specifications". Media.Ford.com (Press release). 2006. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- "MKS Showcases Signature Lincoln Design Cues". Media.Ford.com (Press release). 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- "2009 MKS Special Features". Media.Ford.com (Press release). 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- "2009 MKS Technical Specifications". Media.Ford.com (Press release). 2008. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- "Ford makes parallel parking a breeze with new 'Active Park Assist'". Media.Ford.com (Press release). April 6, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-12.
- "Ford builds on electric power steering technology to enhance drive quality, enable more features". Media.Ford.com (Press release). March 12, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- Bedard, Patrick (October 2008). "2009 Lincoln MKS AWD - Road Test". Car and Driver.
- "Ecoboost debut: Fuel-efficient new V6 engine gives flagship Lincoln MKS the power of a V8". Media.Ford.com (Press release). May 14, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- Sutton, Mike (May 2009). "2010 Lincoln MKS With EcoBoost - Short Take Road Test". Car and Driver. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- Booth, David (May 22, 2009). "Preview: 2010 Lincoln MKS". National Post. Retrieved 2009-09-10.[dead link]
- "2010 Lincoln MKS". Autoblog.com.
- "2010 Lincoln MKS Reviews". Edmunds.com. March 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- Mays, Kelsey (June 11, 2015). "Ford is killing off the Lincoln MKS sedan". USA Today. Retrieved June 20, 2015.
- "F-Series drives Ford to higher market share for third consecutive month" (PDF). Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-12.[dead link]
- "FORD CAPS 2009 WITH 33 PERCENT SALES INCREASE, FIRST FULL-YEAR MARKET SHARE GAIN SINCE 1995" (PDF). Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 5, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-05.[dead link]
- "December 2010 Sales: Ford Motor Company - Cheers & Gears Forums". Cheersandgears.com. Retrieved 2011-01-04.
- "2011 Ford Brand Sales up 17% for the year in U.S." (PDF). Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 4, 2012. Retrieved 2012-01-04.[dead link]
- "Ford Cars, Utilities and Trucks All Post U.S. Sales Gains in 2012" (PDF). Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 3, 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-03.[dead link]
- "Ford Motor Company Delivers Best Sales Year Since 2006" (PDF). Media.ford.com (Press release). January 3, 2014. Retrieved 2014-01-06.
- "Ford Posts Best U.S. December Sales Results since 2005" (PDF). Media.Ford.com (Press release). January 5, 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-07.
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